The total freedom trap
[L. Ron Hubbard]
[The War Years]
[Mental Science Becomes Religion]
[The Personality Test]
[The Secret Levels]
[Harassment - The Guardians Office]
[The Sea Organization]
[Scientology and Religion]
[Litigation & Fair Game]
[The Destructive Effects of Scientology]
[Help for Members]
"Scientology is a religious philosophy in its highest meaning as it
brings man to Total Freedom."
- L. Ron Hubbard, Religious Philosophy and Religious Practice, 21 June
1960, revised 18 April 1967.
"An endless freedom from is a perfect trap, a fear of all things ...
Fixed on too many barriers, man yearns to be free. But launched into
total freedom he is purposeless and miserable."
- L. Ron Hubbard, The Reason Why; 15 May 1956.
The work of L. Ron Hubbard has been surrounded by controversy since
he first announced his "modern science of mental health" in 1950. His
followers assert that he is not only the reincarnation of Buddha but
also Maitreya, who according to Buddhist legend will lead the world to
To Scientologists, L. Ron Hubbard is quite simply the wisest, the most
compassionate and the most perceptive human being ever to draw breath.
Yet, Hubbard was dubbed "schizophrenic and paranoid" by a California
Superior Court judge, and Scientology dismissed as "immoral and
socially obnoxious" by a High Court judge in London. Scientologists
have been convicted of criminal offences in Canada, the USA, Denmark
An enormous amount of documented evidence demonstrates that Hubbard
was not what he claimed to be, and that his subject does not confer
the benefits claimed for it.
The Church of Scientology is an enormously wealthy, global
organization, with over 270 churches and missions. Using profoundly
invasive hypnotic techniques, Scientology has managed to inspire the
at times fanatical devotion of tens of thousands of previously normal
and intelligent people.
Most people come to Scientology when their lives are in crisis.
Scientology uses manipulative recruiting techniques to heighten
vulnerability, and falsely promises a solution for almost any problem.
From the beginning, the new recruit is subjected to techniques which
induce euphoria. The desire for this euphoric state can be ikened to a
drug addiction, often rendering members all but incapable of critical
thinking with regard to Scientology.
The Church of Scientology very rapidly comes to dominate the member,
prohibiting contact with anyone hostile to the movement, and insisting
that a huge conspiracy exists which is intent upon destroying
Scientology. The mark of a fanatic is the inability to even consider
evidence. Unfortunately most Scientologists simply close their eyes
and ears to criticism.
3. L. Ron Hubbard
"The evidence portrays a man who has been virtually a pathological
liar when it comes to his history, background and achievements. The
writings and documents in evidence additionally reflect his egoism,
greed, avarice, lust for power, and vindictiveness and aggressiveness
against persons perceived by him to be disloyal or hostile."
- California Superior Court Judge Breckenridge, speaking of L. Ron
Hubbard, in a 1984 decision.
Lafayette Ronald Hubbard, creator of Dianetics and Scientology, was
born in the United States, in 191l. Hubbard claimed he could ride
before he could walk, and that he was riding broncos at the age of
three-and-a-half, by which time he could also allegedly read and
He also claimed to have been a bloodbrother of the Blackfoot Indians
by the age of four. However, the Blackfoot Indians dismiss "
bloodbrothers" as a Hollywood fantasy, and there is no more truth in
Hubbard's other boasts. His early life was undistinguished, and one
childhood friend recalls that Hubbard was actually afraid of horses.
Hubbard asserted that his grandfather was a wealthy cattle-baron.
Factually, Lafayette Waterbury was a small town veterinarian, who ran
a series of failing businesses.
Hubbard said that his interest in the human mind was sparked by a
meeting with Commander Thompson, a U.S. Navy doctor, when he was
twelve. However, Hubbard's extensive teenage diaries-used as evidence
in a California court case-show no interest in psychological or
Hubbard told his followers that he spent five years between the ages
of fourteen and nineteen--travelling alone in China, Mongolia, India
and Tibet, and studying with holy men. He did not actually visit
Mongolia, India nor Tibet. His two visits to China were short
excursions in the company of his mother. Hubbard confessed the brevity
of his Chinese stay in an interview with Adventure magazine in 1935.
Hubbard was nineteen when he entered George Washington University,
where he intended to major in Civil Engineering. He failed to qualify
for the third year of the course, because his grades were too low. It
would later be claimed that Hubbard had degrees in both civil
engineering and mathematics. He graduated in neither, and his grades
in mathematics were very poor. While at University, Hubbard also
failed a short course in "molecular and atomic physics", which
prompted his ludicrous assertion that he was "one of America's first
During his last semester at University, Hubbard arranged the
"Caribbean Motion Picture Expedition". It was later asserted that this
expedition provided "invaluable data" to the University of Michigan
and the Hydrographic Office, neither of which have any record of it.
In fact, the trip was announced in the University newspaper under the
heading "L. Ron Hubbard Heads Movie Cruise Among Old American
In the event, the expedition reached only three of its sixteen
proposed ports of call, failing to take any Film. In a 1950 interview,
Hubbard dismissed it as "a two-bit expedition and a financial bust".
Hubbard's second supposed expedition was described by him as the
"first complete mineralogical survey" of Puerto Rico. Again, there are
no records of such a survey, because Hubbard seems to have spent most
of his time in Puerto Rico prospecting unsuccessfully for gold. He
worked briefly as a civil engineer's assistant before returning to
In February l940, Hubbard talked his way into membership of the
Explorers' Club of New York and was awarded an expedition flag for his
proposed "Alaskan Radio Experimental Expedition". Hubbard was trying
out a new system of radio navigation, and used the "expedition" to beg
equipment to refit his 32-foot ketch, the Magician. Claims made by the
Scientologists that the expedition was commissioned by the U.S.
government are unfounded.
Writing to the Seattle Star in November 1940, Hubbard complained that
the "expedition" had been hindered by repeated failures of the
Magician's engine. Hubbard and his first wife spent most of their time
stranded in Ketchikan, Alaska, while he tried to write enough stories
to pay for costly engine repairs. Eventually, he used borrowed money
to leave Alaska - money he failed to repay.
5. Pulp Fiction
The Scientologists have claimed that upon leaving college Hubbard
"went straight into the world of fiction writing and before two months
were over had established himself in that field at a pay level which,
for those times, was astronomical".
Factually, it took Hubbard several years to make even a precarious
living from his writing. He wrote under such stirring pen names as
Rene Lafayette, Tom Esterbrook, Kurt von Rachen, Captain B.A.
Northrup, and Winchester Remington Colt. Under the name Legionnaire
I48, Hubbard concocted "true" stories about his supposed exploits in
the French Foreign Legion, but mainly he churned out adventure stories
for the cheap "pulp" magazines.
He contributed to many such magazines, including Thrilling Adventures,
The Phantom Detective and Smashing Novels Magazine, eventually turning
to science-fiction and writing chiefly for Astounding Science Fiction.
His pulp stories include `The Carnival of Death", "King of the Gunmen"
and "Man-Killers of the Air". By the time he created Dianetics, in
1950, he was writing imaginative, if rather unstylish,
science-fiction, and exploring ideas which he would later incorporate
6. The War Years
Hubbard's eyesight had prevented his admission to the U.S. Naval
Academy, prior to his enrolment at University. In 1941, he was
accepted into the Navy Reserve after receiving a waiver for his
Many outlandish claims were made by Hubbard about his achievements
while in the U.S. Navy. For instance, he bragged that he had been the
first returned casualty from the Far east. In fact, he was shipped to
Australia in December 1941, and he sufficiently antagonised his
superiors to be returned to the U.S. after only a few months. After
his return, in March 1942, Hubbard was posted as a mail censor in New
The Scientologists have boasted that Hubbard "rose to command a
squadron". Factually, he oversaw the refitting of two small vessels in
U.S. harbours. His second such command was withdrawn after a cruise
down the west coast. During the course of this journey, Hubbard
managed to involve a number of craft in a 55-hour battle against what
he believed to be two Japanese submarines. The incident was reviewed
by Admiral Fletcher who pronounced "an analysis of all reports
convinces me that there was no submarine in the area ...The Commanding
Officers of all ships except the PC-815 (commanded by Hubbard) state
they had no evidence of a submarine and do not think a submarine was
in the area."
Hubbard completed this "shakedown cruise" by firing on a fortunately
uninhabited Mexican island. He was removed from command, and Rear
Admiral Braisted wrote in a fitness report, "Consider this officer
lacking in the essential qualities of judgment, leadership and
cooperation. He acts without forethought as to probable results ...
Not considered qualified for command or promotion at this time.
Recommend duty on a large vessel where he can be properly supervised."
The advice was followed, and Hubbard served briefly as a navigation
officer aboard the USS Algol, before its departure from U.S. waters.
Hubbard was one of hundreds of officers transferred to the School of
Military Government on the Campus of Princeton University. This was to
lead to Hubbard's later and completely false boast to have graduated
from Princeton. In a more candid moment, Hubbard said that he
"flunked" his overseas examination.
7. War Wounds
At different times, anywhere from 21 to 27 medals have been claimed
for Hubbard, including a Purple Heart, awarded only to those wounded
in combat. Not only was Hubbard not wounded, but apart from his
imaginary submarine battle, he never saw combat. He received four
routine service medals for his duty in Australia and the U.S.
In an article called "My Philosophy", Hubbard claimed to have been
"blinded with injured optic nerves, and lame with physical injuries to
hip and back, at the end of World War II ... My Service record stated
... `permanently disabled physically'." Elsewhere, Hubbard said that a
few days before the end of the war, he managed to get the better of
three petty officers in a fight in Hollywood.
In contradictory accounts, Hubbard claimed to have spent either one or
two years at Oak Knoll Naval Hospital, developing Dianetics and curing
his injuries through its use. The origin of Dianetics is obscured by
conflicting Scientology accounts, which variously assert that his
recovery came in 1944, 1947 or 1949.
Factually, Hubbard spent the last months of the war largely as an
outpatient at Oakland Naval Hospital. His chief complaint was an
ulcer, though between his admission to hospital and his separation
from the Navy his eyesight deteriorated markedly. This visual
deterioration became part of his pension claim to the Veterans
8. Sex Magick
With his separation from the Navy, Hubbard abandoned his first wife
and their two young children to take up the practice of "Magick".
Hubbard had experienced a peculiar hallucination in 1938, while under
nitrous oxide during a dental operation. He believed that he had died
during the operation and while dead been shown a great wealth of
knowledge. Upon his recovery, he wrote a book called Excalibur, but
was unable to find a publisher.
Hubbard's interest in the occult also led to a brief membership in a
Rosicrucian group. He told a friend that he believed himself protected
by a guardian spirit whom he called "the Empress"; and he was to
repeat this claim to one of his followers many years later. In 1945,
Hubbard took up with Jack Parsons, head of the Pasadena lodge of
Aleister Crowley's Ordo Templi Orientis.
Crowley styled himself "the Beast 666", servant of the Antichrist, and
advocated the use of addictive drugs and bizarre sexual practices.
Jack Parsons was a chemist and an early member of Jet Propulsion
Laboratory in California, but his passion was Magick (as Crowley
respelled the word). Hubbard and Parsons performed sexual ceremonies
to summon a woman willing to become the mother of "Babalon", the
incarnation of evil.
The affair ended with Hubbard running off not only with Parsons' girl
Sara, but also with his money. Hubbard married Sara Northrup
bigamously, and started to write pathetic letters applying for a war
pension. In October 1947, when according to later accounts he had
"cured" himself through Dianetics, Hubbard admitted to suicidal
tendencies and begged for psychiatric help in a letter to the Veterans
Hubbard continued to perform black magic rituals and started to use
self hypnosis, confiding to his notebook such hypnotic affirmations as
"all men are my slaves". His personal papers also make it clear that
he was deliberately pretending war-related ailments so that he could
claim a pension increase.
By this time, Hubbard was already addicted to the barbiturate drugs
originally prescribed for his ulcer. His drug use continued during his
Scientology career, even though he was to sponsor the Scientology
anti-drug group Narconon. Although Dianetics claims to overcome
compulsions with ease, Hubbard was unable to kick the tobacco habit,
and chain-smoked over 80 cigarettes a day.
"Hypnotism was used for research, then abandoned."
- L. Ron Hubbard, Dianetics: the Modern Science of Mental Health.
Hubbard gave stage demonstrations of hypnosis in 1948, and wrote to
his literary agent about a new project with many selling "angles".
Marrying hypnotic technique to research long abandoned by Freud,
Hubbard came up with Dianetics. In 1950, he modified the hypnotic
technique without further "research" to write the book Dianetics: the
Modern Science of Mental Health.
In a 1909 lecture, Freud explained a method for uncovering traumatic
memories. Patients were asked to recall earlier and earlier life
incidents on a "chain" until the emotional "charge" was released.
Hubbard not only took the technique, he even retrained several of the
expressions used by the translator of these lectures. Freud had
abandoned the technique, because it was laborious and completely
failed to uncover key repression's. In fact, after sometimes providing
initial relief, Dianetics all too often deteriorates into the
dangerous conviction that entirely imaginary incidents are literal
Hubbard took Freud's technique, added a little of the then- popular
General Semantics, and asserted that the "basic" or original traumatic
incidents had occurred in the womb. In this he was following the work
of Otto Rank, Nandor Fodor and J. Sadger. Hubbard also asserted that
it was actually possible to recall prenatal incidents, right back to
conception (the "sperm dream''). Fodor too had written of prenatal
Hubbard redefined the existing term "engram" as a label for traumatic
incidents where the individual has lost consciousness. Dianetics: the
Modern Science of Mental Health proclaims that by "erasing" the
engrams, the individual is freed from compulsions, obsessions,
neuroses, and such conditions as heart trouble, poor eyesight, asthma,
colour blindness, allergies, stuttering, poor hearing, sinusitis, high
blood pressure, dermatitis, migraine, ulcers, arthritis, morning
sickness, the common cold, conjunctivitis, alcoholism and
tuberculosis. Hubbard soon claimed cures for cancer and leukaemia.
No scientific evidence for these claims has ever been produced.
Once the first engram (or "basic-basic") has been erased, the
individual is supposedly "Clear", free from all deficiencies, and
possessed of a high IQ. After repeated challenges, Hubbard eventually
put a Clear on show in August 1950, at the Shrine Auditorium, in Los
Angeles. Despite Hubbard's claims that a Clear would have "a near
perfect memory", the woman, a Physics major, was unable to remember a
basic physics formula. She could not even recall the colour of
Hubbard's tie when his back was turned.
Dianetics sold 150,000 copies before being withdrawn from sale by its
publisher. The American Psychological Association cautioned would-be
Dianeticists that no scientific evidence for the many claims made in
Dianetics had been forthcoming. There can be no doubt that Hubbard had
invented both cases and statistics to write the book.
Hubbard's following diminished as people realised that his claims were
grossly exaggerated, and with the collapse of the first Dianetic
Foundations and Hubbard's second marriage. Sara Hubbard charged that
her husband had tortured her with sleep deprivation, drugs and
physical attacks. She claimed that he had once strangled her until the
eustachian tube to her left ear ruptured, leaving her hearing
inpaired. Hubbard fled to Cuba, after seizing their baby daughter, in
what proved to be a successful attempt to silence Sara.
With the backing of millionaire Don Purcell, Hubbard was able to
return to the United States, where Sara accepted a divorce settlement.
She withdrew her earlier claims, in return for their infant daughter,
whom she had not seen for several months.
The new Wichita Foundation soon ran into trouble, and Hubbard
abandoned it to its creditors, accusing Don Purcell - who had earlier
saved him - of accepting $500,000 from the American Medical Association
to ruin him. This was far from the last display of paranoia of
"We've got some new ways to make slaves here."
-L. Ron Hubbard, Philadelphia Doctorate Course lecture 20, 1952.
February 1952 found Hubbard penniless, and stripped of both the rights
to Dianetics and most of his following. One of his associates stole
the mailing lists of the Wichita Foundation, and Hubbard started to
send out ridiculous attacks upon the Foundation and increasingly
pathetic requests for money.
He also gave the Hubbard College lectures to a tiny audience, and
within six weeks had created a new subject apparently out of thin air.
He was later to admit his admiration for Aleister Crowley ("my very
good friend") and in fact the fundamentals of Scientology have much in
common with Cowley's "magickal" ideas-mixed in with a large helping of
With Scientology, Hubbard asserted that we are all spiritual beings
("thetabeings", and later "thetans"), who have lived for trillions of
years, incamating again and again. He claimed that through the use of
his new techniques, anyone could achieve supernatural powers. In 40
years, no scientific evidence has been provided for these claims.
During the Hubbard College lectures, Hubbard also introduced the
Electrometer, or E-meter, designed by Dianeticist Volney Mathison. The
E-meter is actually a lie detector, closely related to the machine
used in police polygraphs in the US.
In Dianetics: the Modern Science of Mental Health, Hubbard claimed
"Dianetics cures, and cures without, failure". Two years later, he
dismissed these earlier techniques as "slow and mediocre". He now
claimed that with Scientology, "the blind again see, the lame walk,
the ill recover, the insane become sane and the sane become saner".
11. Mental Science Becomes Religion
"l'd like to start a religion. That's where the money is."
- L. Ron Hubbard to Lloyd Eshbach, in 1949; quoted by Eshbach in Over My
In several conversations in the late 1940s, Hubbard had assured
listeners that the best way to get rich was to start a religion. By
the time of his death, in 1986, it is alleged that Hubbard had amassed
a personal fortune of over $640 million through Scientology (despite
claims that he didn't even take a royalty from his books).
In April 1953, Hubbard wrote to one of his deputies asking what she
thought of "the religion angle". Later that year, he incorporated the
Church of Scientology, which was licensed by his Church of American
Science. The incorporation was kept secret, so that Hubbard could
distance himself from it.
It was only in the late 1960s, with increasing criticism of its
methods by western governments, that Scientology retreated behind the
trappings of religion. Scientology "ministers" take a course in
comparative religion based upon a single book, and read the few
ceremonies written by Hubbard. Their training takes a few days. They
dress in imitation of Christian ministers, including a dog collar and
a Christian-seeming cross. In fact, the cross is a Scientology cross,
which clearly imitates that of Hubbard's role model, magician Aleister
Crowley. It is actually a satanic "crossed out" cross.
12. The Personality Test
Scientology recruits most of its followers from the street by offering
a free personality test. The Oxford Capacity Analysis (OCA) was
written by a Scientologist who was a former merchant seaman, with no
psychological training. It has no connection with Oxford University,
and derives ultimately from the Johnson Temperament Analysis Profile.
The current 200 question test provides Scientology with detailed
personal information. In the past, the Church of Scientology has
proved more than willing to use supposedly confidential information
against former members.
In I991, a letter to Scientology recruiters offered a course teaching
"how to tell people the results of their OCA so that they will reach
for Scientology". Another internal document says that the Test
Evaluator "is to point out to the person by means of a personality
test evaluation what is ruining his life, and to show him how
Scientology can save him from that ruin ... when you point out a low
score ... say `Scientology can handle that'." The test is designed to
ensure that very few people have an acceptable personality profile.
Scientology sales staff ("registrars") are extensively trained and
drilled in hard-selling techniques. The first stage of recruitment is
to focus the person's attention on the most distressing areas of his
or her life (the "ruin"). Hypnotherapists might call this an
"emotional induction". Any intense emotion tends to overwhelm critical
thinking. The coolness of rational thinking is distinct from the heat
of the emotions. The recruiter then plays upon the person's fear that
the condition will worsen. Then the "solution" of Scientology is
Whatever the problem is, the immediate solution will almost always be
a Communication Course, and indoctrination into Hubbard's ideas about
"Scientology is evil; its techniques evil; its practice a serious
threat to the community; medically, morally and socially."
- Report of the Board of Inquiry into Scientology for the state of Victoria,
While the basic ideas of Scientology had nearly all been expressed W
by the end of 1952, Hubbard continued to pour out new techniques that
were "guaranteed" to cure all human ills. He borrowed from many forms
of therapy and meditation to create an elaborate "Bridge" which he
claimed led to "total freedom".
Scientology indoctrination usually begins with the Communication
Course Training Routines or "TRs". These are supposed to enhance the
ability to communicate, but have been called by one expert "the most
overt form of hypnosis used by any destructive cult".
In the first TR, two people sit silently facing each other, with their
eyes closed. In the second, they stare at each other, sometimes
for hours on end, inducing hallucinations and an uncritical euphoria.
In the next stage, TR-0 Bullbait, the student has to sit motionless,
while the "coach" does everything possible to disturb him or her. The
student progresses to reading aloud disconnected phrases from Alice in
Wonderland, and then to acknowledging statements read out at random
from the same text. Then comes TR-3, where the student repeatedly asks
the coach either "Do fish swim?" or "Do birds fly?". In the last
"Communication Course" Training Routine, the student again asks one of
these questions repeatedly, learning not to be distracted by anything
the coach says or does.
Repetition is another way of inducing an altered or trance state.
Following these procedures definitely makes the individual more
susceptible to direction from Scientology.
From the Communication Course, the new recruit will usually go onto
the "Purification Rundown", after a meeting with a Scientology
salesperson, who convinces the recruit that the Rundown is well worth
the high price demanded for it. Those on the "Purification Rundown"
take extremely high doses of vitamins and minerals, and combine
running and sauna treatment for five hours each day. Such high doses
of vitamins can create various physiological reactions, including
drug-like experiences. Hubbard attributed these reactions to stored
drugs and pollutants being removed from the body. He even made the
ridiculous claim that LSD lodges in fatty tissue. As LSD is both
highly unstable and water soluble, this is impossible, but it shows
Hubbard's usual scientific ignorance. The heat exhaustion brought on
by the sauna can lead to euphoric experiences, yet again weakening
The sequence of steps on the Scientology Bridge has changed from one
year to the next. After the "Purification Rundown' - and another
interview with a salesperson-the recruit might well go on to the
"Hubbard Key to Life Course" (at a cost of GBP 4,000 or
$8,000). This supposedly undercuts all previous education by returning
the individual to the basics of literacy. Factually, because it treats
all clients as pre-school children, it tends to cause age regression,
making people yet more susceptible to Scientology.
From the "Hubbard Key to Life Course," the individual moves on to the
"Hubbard Life Orientation Course" and thence to the "Objective
There are several hundred Scientology counselling procedures or
"auditing processes". The "Objectives" were first introduced in the
1950s. Hubbard asserted that it is necessary to show the individual
that reactive impulses can be controlled by being put under the
control of another person (the Scientology "auditor"). This might be
more simply termed "mind control". On the Objective Processes, the
individual is given strict orders to repeat an overwhelmingly tedious
cycle of behaviour.
In "Opening Procedure by Duplication", for example, the auditor and
the client or "pre-clear" are alone in a room with a table at either
end. On one table is a book, on the other a bottle. The preclear will
be instructed, with unvarying wording, to look at the object at the
other side of the room, to walk over to it, to pick it up and to
identify its colour, weight and temperature. Sessions often run to two
hours, and cases of 18 such sessions for this single "process" are not
unheard of. Eventually, this arduous ritual leads to a sensation of
floating, believed to be "exteriorisation from the body" in
Scientology-but a common side effect of hypnotic trance. The
Scientology Bridge is laid out in a series of steps, or grades, each
with a purported result. On Grade Zero, for example, clients are meant
to achieve the ability to "communicate freely with anyone on any
subject". A Grade One "release" is supposedly without problems.
In 1959, Hubbard introduced "security checking", where Scientologists
are interrogated, having to answer long, prepared lists of questions
about their moral transgressions. The E-meter is used as a lie
detector throughout these "sessions". A careful record is kept of all
confessions, and this has proved to be a highly effective means of
This procedure, renamed "integrity processing", using exactly the same
lists of questions as the earlier "security checks", finds a place on
Grade ' Two, and is frequently repeated beyond it (at a cost ranging
from GBP 130 to GBP 260, or $250 to $500, per hour).
Scientology presumes that any of its members might become a security
risk at any time. There is justification for this suspicion, as
thousands have left the movement, including many leading lights.
There are two further release grades, before the "preclear' starts on
the current form of Dianetic auditing. In New Era Dianetics, the
preclear is asked to re-experience incidents from "past lives", which
can lead to strange delusions on the part of Scientologists,
compensating for the shortcomings of their real lives. Through
Dianetics, preclears are supposed at last to be-
Clear, with the realization that they no longer need their "Reactive
minds", where engrams are supposedly stored.
Once "Clear", they are ready for the Advanced Courses of Scientology,
the "Operating Thetan" or "OT" levels.
14. The Secret Levels
In1952, Hubbard claimed that after Scientology auditing and
indoctrination anyone would become "capable of dismissing illness and
aberration from others at will". Scientologists have undertaken
hundreds, and sometimes thousands, of hours chasing this illusion and
Hubbard's often-repeated promises of supernatural abilities. In the
late I960s, Hubbard released his Operating Thetan levels. An Operating
Thetan is an individual supposedly capable of "operating" without need
of a body, and Hubbard made many sugared claims for his extremely
expensive OT levels.
The OT levels are kept secret by the Church of Scientology; however,
the contents of most have long since been public knowledge. The first
OT level consists of a series of drills, such as walking along the
street counting people until one feels euphoric and has some sort of
"realization". In 1992 "OT section 1 " was listed at GBP 1,000 or $2,200.
On the second level (costing GBP 2,000 or $4,200) the "pre-OT"
battles with seemingly endless lists of phrases and their
contradictions ("l must exist" and "l mustn't exist", for example),
often having to imagine seeing a light and feeling a shock at each
phrase. At least one victim endured 600 hours of this mindnumbing
The pre-OT parts with a "minimum donation" of GBP 3,400 or
$7,200 to traverse the OT 3 "wall of fire". On OT 3, the recipient is
assured that 75 million years ago the Earth was part of a Galactic
Confederation ruled by an evil prince called Xenu. The Confederation
suffered from massive overpopulation, so Xenu devised a scheme whereby
the peoples of some 76 planets were shipped to earth and annihilated.
The spirits or thetans of these victims were exploded, by putting
H-bombs in volcanoes, and gathered on "electronic ribbons". Then they
were "implanted" for 36 days with images of the future societies of
Earth. According to Hubbard, all cultures and religions since derive
from these hypnotic implants. He said, for example, that Christ is an
illusion implanted at this time.
After implanting, the thetans were packaged together in clusters, and,
according to OT 3 everyone alive is a mass of such clusters. The
levels from OT 4 to 7 also deal entirely with these clusters and the
body thetans which make them up. Anyone hearing of this material will
supposedly become ill and die within days. However, towards the end of
his life, Hubbard wanted to release the story (certainly one of his
best) as a movie, to be called "Revolt in the Stars".
The contents of OT 8, released after Hubbard's death, and the highest
level so far available, have been shrouded in secrecy. OT 8 is only
available aboard Scientology's cruise ship, the Freewinds, after
extensive Security Checking has ensured unquestioning dedication to
Hubbard and his teachings. One former member asserts that the level
deals with the individual's relationship to the divine. Rather than
addressing the deity through prayer, however, the Scientologist is
asked to remember times in former incarnations when he or she
encountered God. The individual is then to remember what problems were
solved by believing in God (the "prior confusion" which made them
vulnerable to belief). In this way, belief in God is undermined.
On OT 8, Scientologists are allegedly taught that they exist in
parallel universes, and are told to disconnect from their parallel
selves. Finally, the Scientologist is to re-experience moments of his
or her own creation, and discover any abandoned aspects of the self.
This supposedly leads to a major realization about God. Former members
who have suffered through this nonsense assert that the desired
realisation is that Hubbard created all the living beings in the
universe.. A leaked OT 8 Bulletin, which may or may not be genuine,
claims that Hubbard is in fact the antichrist.
Hubbard stepped up his control over his followers in the mid1960s with
the introduction of various so called "ethics" procedures. Anyone who
criticises Hubbard or Scientology is labelled a "Suppressive Person",
"SP" or "anti-social personality".
Scientologists who associate with anyone deemed an SP are termed
"Potential Trouble Sources", and forbidden further auditing or
training. Indeed, Scientologists can be ordered to cease communication
with, or "disconnect" from, anyone considered unfriendly by the Church
"Disconnection" is virtually identical to the "shunning" practised by
certain extreme fundamentalist groups.
Hubbard also introduced "ethics conditions" at this time, and gave
"formulas" which are supposed to elevate one's ethical state. In the
1960s, Scientology staff put into "lower conditions" were deprived of
sleep (often for several days), prevented from washing or shaving,
forced to wear a black mark on one cheek, a chain or a dirty rag
around the arm, and confined day and night to organization premises.
Hubbard put to sea with his closest followers in 1967. Aboard ship,
anyone who displeased him was confined to the chain locker. Here the
victim would crouch in bilge water and excrement in total darkness,
surrounded by rats, sometimes for as much as two weeks without
respite. Even children were put into the chain locker on Hubbard's
order. In 1968, the chain locker punishment was -supplemented by
"overboarding", where people, even nonswimmers, were hurled from the
decks into the sea.
In 1973, Hubbard replaced these cruel and unusual practices with a new
and profoundly effective form of humiliation-the Rehabilitation
Project Force, or RPF. The RPF is still in use in Scientology
organizations throughout the world. Those who fail to comply with
orders, make mistakes or simply fall short of their production quotas
are put onto the RPF. RPFers can only speak when spoken to, they are
meant to eat table scraps, sleep even shorter hours than other staff,
and comply immediately and unquestioningly with any order. They work a
full day, doing physical labour, and are then expected to spend five
hours confessing and hearing the confession of their RPF partner.
Only when they completely accept the authority of their superiors are
they allowed to leave the RPF. Taming an individual in this way can
take up to two years.
16. Harassment-The Guardian's Office
"Our organizations are friendly. They are only here to help you".
- L. Ron Hubbard, `Dianetic Contract', 23 May 1969.
Through the 1950s, Hubbard advocated ever-stricter measures to deal
with critics and defectors. Hubbard's Church has always campaigned
actively against anyone who uses Scientology techniques without
following orders and paying tithes. Speaking of a hypothetical
splinter group in 1955, Hubbard wrote, "if you discovered that some
group calling itself `precept processing' had set up ... in your area,
you would do all you could to make things interesting for them ... The
law can be used very easily to harass, and enough harassment ... will
generally be sufficient to cause his [sic] professional decease. If
possible, of course, ruin him utterly."
In 1958, Hubbard institutionalised intelligence gathering in his
secret Manual of Justice, which says, "intelligence is mostly the
collection of data on people...It is done all the time about
everything and everybody." This was the prelude to the creation of
Scientology's secret police force and intelligence agency, the
Guardian's Office. An "ethics file" is kept on every Scientologist. It
contains every embarrassing admission made during counselling, write
ups of transgressions and "knowledge reports".
All Scientologists are expected to report even the slightest criticism
made by their fellow Scientologists about Hubbard, his organization or
his teachings. A Scientologist who fails to make such a report is
subject to the same penalties as the original critic. This policy is
based upon that used by the Nazis, turning everyone into an informer,
loyal only to Scientology.
After the introduction of "Ethics" policies in 1965, many people left
Scientology to join a splinter group called Amprinistics. An enraged
Hubbard wrote, "Harass these persons in any Possible way", and urged
that their meetings be broken up.
The large amounts of money demanded by Hubbard, and the severe
treatment meted out to his followers, inevitably led to public
concern. Enforced "disconnection" has torn many families apart.
Scientology was castigated by a government inquiry in Victoria,
Australia, in December 1965. In February the following year, Lord
Balniel requested that the British parliament launch an Inquiry-
Hubbard responded by setting up the Guardian s Office, and reinforcing
his policy of "noisy investigation" into anyone who criticised
Scientology. As Hubbard said, "The DEFENSE of anything is UNTENABLE.
The only way to defend anything is to ATTACK."
The Guardian's Office attacked without pause.
The Guardian's Office (GO) existed to promote Scientology, to attack
critics, and to keep members in line. The GO acted as an intelligence
agency, infiltrating newspapers, psychiatric hospitals and even
government agencies; and as an internal police force, silencing
defectors. Very few former Scientologists have spoken out against the
organization, knowing that every detail of their lives is kept in
their Scientology "ethics files". There is much irrefutable evidence
that these files have been used against former members. The Guardian's
Office grew into a daunting force with 1,100 staff by 1982.
In a secret directive, Hubbard wrote, "we will successfully bring the
following facts into public consciousness ... People who attack
Scientology are criminals ... if one attacks Scientology he gets
investigated for crimes ... If one does not attack Scientology ... one
The Intelligence or Information Bureau of the Guardian's Office, or
G0, was modelled on Nazi spy master Gehlen's system. GO agents stole
medical files, sent out anonymous smear letters, framed critics for
criminal acts, blackmailed, bugged and burgled opponents, and
infiltrated government offices stealing thousands of files (including
Interpol files on terrorism, and files on the interchange of
intelligence material between the U.S. and Canada). Critics were to be
driven to breakdown or harassed into silence.
Eventually, in the early 1980s, eleven GO officials were imprisoned in
the US, including Hubbard's wife, Mary Sue, and her deputy, the
Guardian, Jane Kember. In July 1992, the Church of Scientology and
three Scientologists were found guilty of criminal acts in Canada Ten
years before this conviction, the Office of Special Affairs had
replaced the Guardian's Office.
The secret mission of both the Guardian's Office and its successor has
been the discovery and elimination of the conspiracy which Hubbard
believed was operating against him. At various times, Hubbard blamed
Russian communism, neofascism, bankers, psychiatrists, the Internal
Revenue Service and Christian priests for negative reports concerning
His paranoid imagination saw enemies everywhere. As with all
psychopaths, Hubbard was incapable of admitting error. He was
oblivious to the anti-social nature of the practices which quite
rightly provoke criticism of Scientology.
17. The Sea Organization
Having been asked to leave Rhodesia in 1966, and fearing British
government action (he was later banned from entry), Hubbard fled to
Las Palmas and created the Sea Organization. For eight years, from
1967 to 1975, Hubbard and his retinue (numbering several hundred)
plied the Mediterranean and the Atlantic in a flotilla of unseaworthy
vessels. The incompetence of the crews led to many accidents.
Sea Organization members were put into pseudo-naval uniform, adopted
naval ranks and signed a billion year contract to serve "command
intention". The management of Scientology became a paramilitary
organization, under the direction of "Commodore" L. Ron Hubbard. All
"Sea Org" members are expected to receive martial arts and weapons
training. One executive was later to boast publicly that management
was "tough" and "ruthless". Compassion is virtually unheard of in
Hubbard's voluminous teachings. Sea Org members work long hours
(usually devoting over 90 hours per week to Scientology), for derisory
pay. They often spend weeks or months restricted to a diet consisting
entirely of rice, beans and porridge. Discipline is harsh, the
withdrawal of pay and proper food preceding banishment from sleeping
quarters (when staff are assigned to "pig's berthing').
Sea Org members have restricted access to their children, usually only
being allowed to see them for an hour or two each week. Children are
kept in the "Cadet Org," with the specified intention of making them
into Sea Org members. Indeed, Sea Org children can start working for
the organization by the age of twelve, sometimes securing high
positions before their fifteenth birthdays. Children as young as eight
have acted as auditors, taking the confessions of adults.
18. Front Groups
In 1966, Hubbard wrote, "Remember, CHURCHES ARE LOOKED UPON AS REFORM GROUPS. Therefore we must act like a reform group." Since that time,
tens of front groups have come into being, some to enhance the public
repute of Scientology, others to recruit new members.
The World Institute of Scientology Enterprises (WlSE) licenses
Scientologists to use Hubbard material in their business training
programmes. WISE members offer such programs with no indication that
the material they use is Scientology. In the U.S., Sterling Management
has been criticised for selling expensive courses to health
professionals, who are then recruited unto Scientology. The
Association for Better Living and Education (ABLE) sponsors "reform"
groups such as Criminon (which indoctrinates prison inmates into
Scientology), the Concerned Businessmen's Association, Cry Out! (which
cashes in on concern for the environment), Applied Scholastics (which
trains people in Hubbard's "Study Technology") and Narconon.
Narconon was started by convict and drug addict William Benitez, in
the mid-1960s. It claims to be a rehabilitation programme for
alcoholics and other drug addicts, and at different times and in
different places has briefly won state support (withdrawn when the
close association of Narconon to Scientology is revealed, or when the
inadequacy of Narconon's methods is demonstrated). Narconon works
alongside Scientology's "Say No to Drugs Campaign", and is advocated
by Scientologist and former cocaine addict, Kirstie Alley.
For several years, Narconon has tried to establish a large centre on
the Chilocco Indian reservation in Oklahoma In December 1991, the
Oklahoma Mental Health Board denied certification to this centre,
ruling that "there is no credible scientific evidence that the
Narconon program is effective". The program was also judged "unsafe".
The Board complained that not only was medical supervision inadequate,
but that graduates of the program were immediately taken on as staff.
In Narconon, alcoholics and other addicts are not educated about
substance abuse, but are simply put through the program. The Board
also complained that `"the Narconon treatment plan is general in
nature, applies categorically to all students and is not
individualised." The Board reported that Narconon did no follow up
studies (which, of course, dismisses any claim to the program's
efficacy), and had inadequate discharge Planing. There was also
particular concern that Narconon clients, including alcoholics, are
told that if they are not able to drink after the program, then the
program is simply not complete. Hubbard's "Purification Rundown" is at
the heart of the Narconon Program. The Purification Rundown supposedly
rids the body of drug residues through massive doses of vitamins, and
five hours a day of ruining and sweating in a sauna. The Oklahoma
Mental Heath Board complained of inadequate control of sauna
temperature, and warned of the potential dangers, particularly to
heroin addicts, of sauna use.
The Board had no doubt that "Narconon employs staff inadequately
educated and trained in the care and treatment of drug and alcohol
abuse clients"; and was shocked to find that "Narconon permits clients
under treatment for drug and alcohol abuse to handle and provide
medications to fellow Narconon clients, to supervise the sauna
treatment of fellow Narconon clients, and to supervise clients with
psychiatric disorders." No mental health professionals are employed by
The doses of vitamins are so high on the Purification Rundown that
they become potentially dangerous (several vitamins are poisonous in
high doses; and vitamin B1 can have a disorienting effect similar to
that of certain drugs). The Oklahoma Mental Health Board was
especially concerned about the use of vitamin B3 in the form of
niacin, which in large doses has been connected with liver failure.
"Large doses of niacin are administered to patients during the
Narconon program to rid the body of radiation. There is no credible
scientific evidence that niacin in any way gets radiation out of the
patient's body. Rather, the more credible medical evidence supports
the existence of potential medical risks to persons receiving high
doses of niacin".
In a surprise move, in August 1992, the Oklahoma Board of Mental
Health granted Narconon exemption from state certification, without
withdrawing its earlier criticisms.
20. Scientology and Religion
"Reference was made to some unusual features of membership and to the
strong commercial emphasis ... Regardless of whether the members ...
are gullible or misled or whether the practices of Scientology are
harmful or objectionable, the evidence ... establishes that
Scientology must, for relevant purposes, be accepted as `a religion'
in Victoria." -Australian court ruling.
Hubbard claimed that Scientology is non-denominational and does not
clash with any religion. The claim is preposterous. In his secret
writings, Hubbard asserted that Christ is a fabrication, an implanted
hypnotic suggestion. Yoga, and therefore Hinduism, he dismissed as
"booby-trapped".. In one interview, he said that his favourite book
was Twelve Against the Gods, where author William Bolitho called
Mahomet a psychopath. Of course, the doctrine of reincarnation which
is essential to Scientology, is unacceptable to Judaism, Islam or
Hubbard claimed that Scientology is "twentieth century Buddhism".
However, the essential doctrine of "anatta" or` no soul" is completely
denied in Scientology, which believes in an immortal and unperishable
ego or "thetan". Further, Hubbard dismissed Buddhism through his
statement that "No culture in the history of the world, save the
thoroughly depraved and expiring ones, has failed to affirm the
existence of a Supreme Being."
Scientology contradicts the teachings of all of the major religions by
propounding that great wealth is a virtue, a measure of spiritual
success. Hubbard divided the "urges to survive" into eight "dynamics".
These are survival as or through self, family and procreation, groups,
mankind, life forms, the material, the spiritual and infinity or the
Supreme Being. Hubbard claimed that to make a sensible decision, it
was only necessary to determine the effect upon these "dynamics", and
choose the route which benefited the greatest number. No special place
is given to the eighth dynamic, or God,, in this scheme, so it is
possible for a decision to be taken because it advantages the majority
of the other seven dynamics. This practice is unconscionable to all
who believe in God.
Hubbard also dismissed the notion of compassion. Scientologists
believe that everything that happens to an individual is self
generated, so the unfortunate are called ``victims'', who have
``pulled in'' their misfortune. Sympathy is frowned upon, and
considered to be a "lower" emotional reaction than fear or anger. All
transactions must receive a proper "exchange", so Scientologists do
not tend to work for, or donate to, charities (other than their own
front groups). As Hubbard put it, "When you let a person give nothing
for something you are factually encouraging crime". Scientology
induces contempt for all non-Scientologists, who are called "wogs" or
"When somebody enrols, consider he or she has joined up for the
duration of the universe - never permit an 'open-minded' approach ...
If they enrolled, they're aboard, and if they're aboard they're here
on the same terms as the rest of us - win or die in the attempt. Never
let them be half minded about being Scientologists ... When Mrs.
Pattycake comes to us to be taught, turn that wandering doubt in her
eye into a fixed, dedicated glare .. The proper instruction attitude
is ... We'd rather have you dead than incapable. "'
- L. Ron Hubbard, Keeping Scientology Working, 7 February 1965, reissued 27 August 1980.
Hubbard claimed to have studied hypnosis from his teens onwards. At
the outset, he admitted that his Dianetic "research" was done using
deep trance hypnosis. In the early days, he also admitted that the
Dianetic procedure could be trance inducing. The term "hypnosis" has
aroused much controversy. Probably the most exacting conceptual
framework was made by hypnotherapist Milton Erickson, who asserted
that hypnosis is an interaction between people which accesses altered
states of consciousness.
Contemporary psychology accepts that most mental processes occur below
consciousness. A hypnotherapist accesses the unconscious in an attempt
to place beneficial suggestions therein which will have the same
motivating force upon the individual as his or her own decisions. In
hypnotherapy, the client gives permission for this process to occur.
In Scientology, the process occurs without consent.
Hubbard asserted that everything that exists is a product of
consciousness: Reality is agreement", "the universe is an agreed upon
apparency". From this perspective, Scientology seeks to change the
individual's perception of reality, and replace it with Hubbard's
notions, at the same time pretending that the individual is becoming
more aware, and more "self-determined". Scientology claims to be
scientific, but factually, it is impossible to undertake "auditing"
without submitting to beliefs which have not been scientifically
validated, such as reincarnation, possession by spirits (or body
thetans) and the existence and influence of "engrams".
Restrictions are put upon Scientologists to prevent them reaching a
critical understanding of Scientology. Explanation of Hubbard's work
is forbidden; the materials must be quoted exactly. Dissent from the
materials is also forbidden then Scientologist's "realisations" in
counselling must align with Hubbard's pronouncements about the nature
of reality. Any disagreement with Hubbard or his teachings will lead
the individual to the "Ethics Office", a department of Scientology's
internal police force.
The Scientologist may not talk about his "case" or problems other than
to his or her auditor, thus inhibiting close relationships. The
"technology" of Scientology is and always has been right (even when
Hubbard changed it every few months), and failure to achieve
spectacular success (i.e., euphoric states) is always considered to be
the fault of either the auditor or the preclear, never of the
techniques. Scientologists are led to believe that criticism (unless
made by Hubbard) always stems from guilt about one's own
transgressions. The individual's attention is focused inwards and so
deflected from consideration of Hubbard's or Scientology's faults.
Scientology procedures are comparable with those of hypnotherapy. In
Training Routine 0, two people are supposed to sit looking at each
other "for some hours". Visual fixation has long been accepted as a
means of inducing altered or trance states. Repetition is another
method of induction, and Hubbard admitted that a number of his
procedures are mindnumbingly monotonous. It is possible in Scientology
to sit for several hours answering the same single line question, the
wording never varied, such as "From where could you communicate to a
Eventually, the individual's entire perception and belief system is
over-ridden by Scientology. The Scientologist may not talk about the
Operating Thetan levels, so is separated from most of humanity,
believing malevolent spirits to be the real cause of all disability
and conflict. Scientologists do not accept any other perception of
reality than Hubbard's. Hubbard derided hypnotherapy, psychology,
analysis, meditation and religious counselling, claiming that
Scientology is the only effective system.
Staff members, especially those in the Sea Organization, become even
more suggestible through long working hours, sleep deprivation, poor
diet and regular doses of the Rehabilitation Project Force.
22. Hard Selling
"Advanced Courses [in Scientology) are the most valuable service on
the planet. Life insurance, houses, cars, stocks, bonds, college
savings, all are transitory and impermanent ... There is nothing to
compare with Advanced Courses. They are infinitely valuable and
transcend time itself."
- L. Ron Hubbard speaking of his "Operating Thetan Courses", Flag Mission Order 375.
Hard selling techniques are another aspect of the use of undue
influence or destructive persuasion upon members. Clients of
Scientology are harassed with demands for ever increasing "donations"
for auditing and indoctrination Completion of the Scientology "Bridge"
costs in the region of [[sterling]]200,000 or $350,000 (there are
Scientologists who have paid even more). Many Scientologists have
found themselves homeless and deeply in debt as a result of high
pressure selling. Sales interviews can last for as much as 13 hours;
and depend upon the sophisticated manipulation techniques described in
Les Dane's Big League Sales Closing Techniques.
Another alarming aspect of Scientology's greed is the sale of Hubbard
artefacts, called "Special Properties" limited editions of Hubbard
books and anything signed by Hubbard. These artefacts are pushed onto
Scientologists with the insistence that they are highly marketable
commodities with great investment potential. ln reality, they are
virtually worthless outside the confines of the Scientology world.
Outrageous amounts are charged for these items. One former member was
induced to spend some GBP 26,000 (of which GBP 10,000
was borrowed), with promises that the value of these "Special
Properties" would rocket. Despite making extensive enquires over a
seven year period, the "Special Properties" have proved unsaleable at
anything like the price originally charged. The former member
purchased a single, signed photograph of Hubbard for over
GBP 8,000. This is not an isolated case. One Scientologist
spent an incredible GBP 90,000 on "Special Properties".
The Scientology organization pours out advertising material, ranging
from simple leaflets to full-blown television campaigns. Although
Hubbard was highly critical of psychology, he was perfectly willing to
use the techniques of motivational research. Careful surveys
detainment key words, symbols and colours to which potential customers
will react, without critical thought. Hubbard bragged about the
manipulative effect of these techniques.
Scientologists are expected to pay out thousands towards courses, and
then have to purchsae ridiculously expensive books, course packs,
E-meters, and tapes of Hubbard lectures as a prerequisite to taking
each course. The tapes generally sell for about GBP 30 each,
and Hubbard gave thousands of lectures. Every Scientologist is
expected to buy at least two E-meters, ranging from GBP 700 to
GBP 2,750 each. The components from which an E-meter is
constructed make up only a fraction of this cost.
23. Scientology Lies
"Handling truth is a touchy business ... Tell an acceptable truth."
- L. Ron Hubbard, The Missing Ingredient, 13 August 1970.
Scientology claims over 7 million members internationally, yet an
internal membership report for 1987 showed only 40,000: There are also
often repeated claims that Hubbard books have sold millions of copies.
In fact, Hubbard books have been "hyped" onto best seller lists
through carefully orchestrated campaigns. Scientology has probably
managed to sell more copies of Hubbard's books than have been printed,
by buying back and reselling. One book store even received a
consignment which already had its own price labels on.
24. Litigation & Fair Game
In the 1960s and 70s, Scientology became notorious for its willingness
to litigate. Such litigation was rarely successful, but made the media
hesitant to report on Scientology, and caused many critics to
withdraw. The pace of litigation slowed considerably with the decline
of the Guardian's Office. Only major opponents are now sued. However,
litigation against Scientology has increased. It has been reported
that at the beginning of 1992, Scientology faced over 700 suits.
In his 1984 ruling in the California Superior Court, Judge
Breckenridge stated, "In addition to violating and abusing its own
members civil rights, the organization over the years with its `Fair
Game' doctrine has harassed and abused those persons not in the Church
whom it perceives as enemies."
In the Fair Game law; Hubbard asserted that those ajudged Suppressive
by Scientology "May be deprived of property or injured by any means
... may be tricked, sued or lied to or destroyed". The continuing use
of Fair Game was also established in a London child custody case in
1984, and in a California Appeal Court judgment in 1989.
In this last decision, in the case of Larry Wollersheim versus the
Church of Scientology of California, the court upheld Wollersheim's
allegation that he had been subjected to Fair Game. Further, the judge
"...the Church's conduct was manifestly outrageous. Using its position
as his religious leader, the Church and its agents coerced Wollersheim
into continuing `auditing' although his sanity was repeatedly
threatened by the practice ... Wollersheim was compelled to abandon
his wife and family through the policy of disconnect. When his mental
illness reached such a level he actively planned his suicide, he was
forbidden to seek professional help."
In July 1992, the Church of Scientology was found guilty of
infiltrating the Toronto, Ontario and Royal Canadian Mounted Police,
along with the offices of Revenue Canada, the Ontario Attorney General
and the state government.
Thousands of files had been stolen by Hubbard's espionage network.
25. The Destructive Effects of Scientology
As the Wollersheim case demonstrated, Scientology "auditing" can have
a profoundly destructive effect After a survey of 48 groups, Conway
and Siegelman reported that former Scientologists had the highest rate
of violent outbursts, hallucinations, sexual dysfunction and suicidal
tendencies. They estimated that full recovery from Scientology
averaged at 12.5 years.
Members are entirely saturated with Hubbard's delusional and
unscientific view of the universe. They come to see themselves as part
of a small elite, harassed on all sides by a gigantic conspiracy.
Scientologists speak and think in an elaborate language created by
Hubbard (Scientology dictionaries run to over 1,000 pages of
definitions). They are drilled to present a calm, cheerful appearance,
whatever their real feelings. Most become "auditing junkies", unable
to face life without regular "sessions". All aspects of the
individual's life are invaded, as Hubbard held forth on almost every
subject from business management to child rearing.
Scientology induces a phobic reaction towards mental health
practitioners, so ex-members are usually unwilling to seek
professional help in untangling themselves. This situation is
compounded by the inability of most mental health practitioners to
understand the cult experience. So most former Scientologists drift
into other cult groups, or derivatives of Scientology such as EST (the
Forum or Landmark), Avatar, Dianasis, Re-Evaluation Co-Counselling, or
Mental Health practitioners who have had contact with former
Scientologists have diagnosed their condition as Post-Traumatic Stress
Disorder. One psychiatrist has asserted that Hubbard reversed
therapies used to reduce obsession, so creating obsessive disorders.
Former members report a high incidence of Chronic Fatigue Disorder, a
lack of motivation and energy. However, as yet no research has been
undertaken to confirm these reports.
26. Government Action
In June 1992, the Church of Scientology was found guilty of criminal
activity by a Canadian jury. Membership in Germany's leading political
party is now denied to Scientologist because of the policy of
infiltration. Scientology is under investigation in France and Spain.
In February 1992, the European Council endorsed a recommendation that
the member nations of the EEC should fund information groups to
educate the public about New Religious Movements. As yet no action has
27. Help for Members
If a friend or relation becomes involved with Scientology, it is
important not to attack their decision. A friendly, sympathetic
attitude and a willingness to listen are very important. Showing the
person material hostile to Scientology will generally only reinforce
their infatuation, and make them more defensive and less willing to
Be honest but not aggressive with your concerns about Scientology.
Allow the person to talk without interruption about the benefits they
feel they have received. In fact, allowing the person to talk is
crucial, because the need to articulate ideas often clarifies
thinking. Don't try to do their thinking for them. Don't interrupt or
make sniping comments.
In a friendly environment, they will discover for themselves some of
the contradictions inherent in Scientology. If prompted to look for
such contradictions they may simply stop listening. When you are sure
that the person does not feel threatened, ask if they are willing to
look at material critical of Scientology, rather than just presenting
them with the material.
Kidnap deprogramming is both morally offensive and illegal. It is also
largely unsuccessful in Scientology cases. There are, however, a few
consultants who will not resort to kidnapping and have a sufficient
awareness of Scientology to be able to help members reconsider their
involvement in a non-coercive environment.
28. Further Information
Jon Atack, the author of this booklet, was a client of Scientology
from 1974 to 1983. Since his resignation from the Church of
Scientology, he has consulted to many leading newspapers and
magazines, including the Sunday Times, Forbes magazine, Time, the Los
Angeles Times and the Reader's Digest. In 1987, he was the main
consultant to BBC TV's Panorama documentary. He has also consulted to
TVS, Central TV, Granada TV, CBC, NBC, CBS and ABC.
Jon Atack's book, A Piece of Blue Sky (lSBN 0-8184-0499-X), is
published by Lyle Stuart Books in the USA, and by Musson Book Company
in Canada. A Piece of Blue Sky is a 400page history of Hubbard, his
organisations and his techniques. It is available in the UK by calling
01342 316129 (0044 1342 316129 in the rest of Europe).
For a better understanding of Scientology beliefs and techniques, see
Hubbard's Volunteer Minister's Handbook (lSBN 0-88404039-9).
For a better understanding of the manipulative nature of Scientology,
see Steven Hassan's Combatting Cult Mind Control (lSBN 0-89281-243-5)
and Thomas and Jacqueline Keisers' The Anatomy of lllusion (lSBN
Margery Wakefield 's
The Road to Xenu is an excellent first-hand
account of membership, and includes Bob Penny's thought provoking
Social Control in Scientology.
The Road to Xenu is available via P.0. Box 290402, Tampa, Florida 33687.