General report on Scientology
When the truth threatens to bring down a conspiracy of silence that protects moral ugliness, the choice is straightforward: speak the truth or join the conspiracy.
- Daniel Goleman, Vital Lies, Simple Truths.
My name is Jonathan Caven-Atack. I reside at Avalon, Cranston
Road, East Grinstead, West Sussex, RH19 3HQ. I was born on 5 June
Background and Expertise
1. I was a member of the Church of Scientology from December 1974
to October 1983. During that time I undertook the equivalent of
24 of the 27 available "levels" of Dianetic and Scientology
"auditing" ("auditing" is supposedly a form
of counselling). I also completed eight courses related to "auditor"
or counsellor training as well as courses in recruitment and administration.
As a part of my "indoctrination" (the word used by Hubbard
for training), I read more than 20 of Scientology founder L. Ron
Hubbard's textbooks and listened to about 150 taped Hubbard lectures.
I received "auditing" and "auditor" training
at Scientology Missions or Churches in Birmingham, Manchester
and at the British headquarters at Saint Hill, near East Grinstead.
2. In January 1983, the Church of Scientology published a list
of 611 people who had been "declared Suppressive Persons"
(JCA-1). Shortly thereafter, I was informed
that one of my employees had been similarly "declared a Suppressive
Person", and shown Scientology Policy Directive 28, "Suppressive
Act - Dealing with a Declared Suppressive Person" (JCA-2).
This order forbids Scientologists any contact with any person
"declared Suppressive". This policy is known within
Scientology as "disconnection". For six months, I wrote
letters questioning the "Suppressive Person declare"
issued on my employee. During that time I made enquiries of the
Master at Arms, or Ethics Officer, at Saint Hill, of the Special
Unit, of the International Justice Chief, of the Executive Director
International and ultimately of L. Ron Hubbard. The responses
I received were evasive.
3. In September 1983, I decided to conduct my own investigation
of the Church of Scientology. I was unwilling to have my communication
controlled and my freedom of association denied, and uneasy with
the attitude of Scientology's new management, who described themselves
as "tough" and "ruthless" (JCA-3),
and unhappy at the high price charged for Dianetic and Scientology
services ("auditing", for example, had risen from 6
pounds per hour in 1978 to over 100 pounds per hour) (JCA-4).
4. Since my resignation from the Church of Scientology, in October
1983, I have assembled a large collection of Scientology and Hubbard
related materials, and interviewed well over a hundred former
members, including a number of former Hubbard aides. I have also
read thousands of pages of court rulings, government enquiry reports,
affidavits and sworn testimony relating to Hubbard and Scientology.
This research led to the publication, in 1990, of my book A Piece
of Blue Sky, which is a history of Hubbard and his organizations.
This book has been cited as a principal source of reference in
academic papers by professor of sociology and history of religion
Stephen Kent ("International Social Control by the Church
of Scientology", presented at the Society for the Scientific
Study of Religion, November 1991) (JCA-5)
and by professor of neuropsychiatry Louis Jolyon West ("Psychiatry
and Scientology", presented as the "Distinguished Psychiatrist"
lecture, American Psychiatric Association Annual Meeting, Washington
DC, 6 May 1992) (JCA-6).
5. I have been retained in connection with the preparation of
many court actions in which consideration of Scientology has arisen.
In 1984, I assisted in assembling documents as evidence in a child
custody case put before Mr Justice Latey ("Re: Wards B &
G"). In 1987, I provided documents and affidavits in the
successful defence of Russell Miller's biography of Hubbard, Bare-Faced
Messiah, heard before Mr Justice Vinelott, in the English High
Court. I also prepared documents for the defence of Miller's book
in the USA, Canada and Australia. I have been consulted by litigants
in the US, Canada, Brazil, Australia, Italy, Switzerland, Spain
and the UK. In these cases, I have prepared documents, recommended
relevant documents for discovery, and contacted or recommended
6. I was the principal researcher for Russell Miller's Bare-Faced
Messiah, and was also consulted by Bent Corydon for his L.Ron
Hubbard: Messiah or Madman and by Stewart Lamont for his Religon
Inc. I was the principal researcher for the chapter on Scientology
in Jean Ritchie's Secret World of Cults. I was also the principal
researcher for BBC Panorama and TVS programmes about Scientology
(both broadcast in 1987). I have been consulted by television
and radio producers, and by journalists throughout the world.
L.Ron Hubbard's intent:
7. Scientology was devised by L.Ron Hubbard as a means of gaining
authoritarian control over those deceived into joining any of
his many organizations. Hubbard cynically constructed a set of
hypnotic techniques which masquerade as therapy and create progressive
psychological dependency upon the organizations of Scientology.
Hubbard also hid behind the pretence of religion.
8. I can give evidence regarding the techniques commonly employed
by Scientology organizations to recruit followers, to create and
maintain their loyalty and to sell them courses, supposed counselling,
Scientology films, tapes, books and "Special Properties"
(highly priced special editions of Hubbard works and Hubbard memorabilia).
Although I have no qualification in psychology or psychiatry,
I have had contact with several hundred former Scientologists
in the last ten years, and feel able to estimate the effect of
Scientology upon these former members.
L.Ron Hubbard and the claims of Dianetics and Scientology
9. Despite possession of a massive archive of Hubbard's private
papers, including numerous handwritten and illustrated black magic
rituals and accounts of Hubbard's extensive drug abuse (JCA-7),
Scientology management still deceive Scientologists by perpetuating
Hubbard's fictitious claims about his life. Scientology materials
make many false claims, including the following: that Hubbard
was a wounded and decorated war hero (JCA-8,
JCA-9) he suffered from an ulcer (JCA-10,
JCA-11) and never saw combat (JCA-12);
that Hubbard was a "nuclear physicist" (JCA-13)
- he failed a short course in "atomic and molecular"
physics which was part of the degree course he failed to complete
(JCA-14); that Hubbard had studied for five
years as a teenager with holy men in India, China and Tibet (JCA-15,
JCA-16, JCA-17) -
he spent less than three weeks in China and did not visit India
or Tibet (JCA-18, JCA-19,
JCA-20). These are a few of the many deceptions
created by Hubbard and perpetuated by the cynical managers of
Scientology. Gerald Armstrong and Vaughn and Stacey Young were
formerly in charge of Scientology's immense "Hubbard Archive"
and can testify to this deliberate deception.
10. After a chequered career as the author of adventure stories,
Hubbard released his first supposed therapy text, Dianetics: the
Modern Science of Mental Health, in 1950 (JCA-21).
This book is still sold by the Church of Scientology, which claims
sales in the millions.
11. Dianetics was in fact a reworking of techniques abandoned
by Freud, where traumatic memories are supposedly re-experienced
(JCA-22). In the book Dianetics, Hubbard
asserted that memories of physical pain or unconsciousness ("engrams")
are "the single and sole cause of aberration and psycho-somatic
illness" (ibid, p.68). Such buried traumata supposedly cause
people to react to situations without conscious reflection and
constitute a "reactive mind".
12. Hubbard adopted Freud's notion that traumata form in "chains"
and that it is necessary to find the earliest traumatic memory
on such a chain to relieve its symptoms. In Dianetics, Hubbard
asserted that the earliest such traumatic memories are birth and
13. The book Dianetics describes a purported system of therapy
which will supposedly release the individual from compulsions,
neuroses, repressions, psychoses, arthritis, bursitis, asthma,
allergies, sinusitis, coronary trouble, high blood pressure, the
common cold, myopia, schizophrenia, manic depression, dipsomania
(ibid, pp.51-52, also p.92), visual and hearing deficiencies (ibid,
pp.10-11), dermatitis, migraine, ulcers (ibid, p.92), tuberculosis
(ibid, p.93), morning sickness (ibid, p.156), conjunctivitis (ibid,
p.126). Hubbard also wrote that his techniques would bring about
an individual with "complete recall of everything which has
ever happened to him or anything he has ever studied", who
would be capable of performing a calculation which a "normal
[person] would do in half an hour, in ten or fifteen seconds"
(ibid p.171). In later works, Hubbard also asserted that he had
found psychological cures for paralysis (JCA-23, p.9), blindness,
cancer (JCA-24) and leukaemia (JCA-25, JCA-26), and that his techniques
had even be used to raise the dead (JCA-27, p.170).
14. In Dianetics: the Modern Science of Mental Health, Hubbard
asserted that his techniques would work on anyone not suffering
from brain damage (JCA-21, p.17), and that the outcome of therapy
would be a "Clear". A Clear would be free from the disabilities,
and possessed of the capabilities, listed in the foregoing paragraph.
In 1971, in the Scientology publication "Advance!",
the following claim was made: "A Clear has over 135 I.Q.,
a vibrant personality, glowing health, good memory, amazing vitality,
self-control, happiness and more. The most valuable thing you
can do for yourself, and for your family, friends and Mankind
is attain the state of Clear. You can achieve Clear - not in years
but within months through the most advanced technology of the
human spirit - Scientology" (JCA-28). A 1988 issue of "The
Auditor", a Scientology magazine, asserts that "A Scientology
CLEAR has: Over 135 IQ, Creative imagination, Amazing vitality,
Deep relaxation, Good memory, Strong will power, Radiant health,
Magnetic personality" (JCA-29). Such claims are repeatedly
made in literature produced by the Church of Scientology. For
instance, a 1991 issue of Scientology's "Celebrity"
magazine states: "Scientology auditing can help you - you
can get - A higher IQ to handle your problems ... More energy
to make more money - Better health ... More years to live."
15. In 1952, Hubbard incorporated notions of the spirit (or "thetan")
and reincarnation into his system. He asserted that we have all
existed as spiritual beings for trillions of years (by the 1970s,
he was talking of quadrillions). In the 1950s, Hubbard coined
the phrase "Operating Thetan", meaning a spirit capable
of "operating" separately from its human body ("exterior").
The goal of Scientologists is to be "exterior with full perception".
Hubbard defined "Operating Thetan" as the "ability
to be at cause knowingly and at will over thought, life, form,
matter, energy, space and time, subjective and objective."
(JCA-31). Currently, eight "Operating Thetan" levels
are available to Scientologists, most of which consist of a form
of exorcism, sold to Scientologists for over 300 pounds per hour
(JCA-32). Scientologists come to believe that they are possessed
by thousands of spirits which can of course lead to mental illness.
16. Many of the fundamental ideas of Scientology can be found
in the works of black magician Aleister Crowley. Hubbard recommended
Crowley books to his followers and called Crowley "my very
good friend" (JCA-33). As with all other magical systems,
Scientology seeks to stregthen the will of the individual so that
the physical world and other people can be controlled by intention
alone. Scientologists believe that by undergoing Hubbard's "processes"
they will ultimately be able to order events through "postulates"
or wishes. Hubbard promised godlike powers to his followers.
The religious nature of Scientology
17. In a lecture given in 1952, Hubbard asserted: "In 1938
I codified certain axioms and phenomena into what I called SCIENTOLOGY"
(JCA-23, p.8). Factually, Hubbard had briefly lost control of
Dianetics, so restyled his ideas "Scientology" (He was
probably unaware that the word was already in use, meaning "pseudoscientific
ideas"). In April 1953, Hubbard wrote to the head of the
Hubbard Association of Scientologists, Helen O'Brien, asking for
her opinion on "the religion angle" (JCA-34). In December
1953, Hubbard registered the Church of Scientology, and a parent
body called the Church of American Science, in Camden, New Jersey
(JCA-35, JCA-36, JCA-37). In February 1954,
Hubbard's associate, Burton Farber, incorporated the Church of
Scientology of California (JCA-38). Within a few years all organizations
affiliated to Hubbard had been restyled "Churches" of
Scientology. These Churches tithed 20 percent of their income
to Hubbard's Church of American Science (JCA-35). In March 1954,
Hubbard announced that graduate auditors "can be given any
one of three or all of the following certificates: DOCTOR OF SCIENTOLOGY,
FREUDIAN PSYCHO-ANALYST, DOCTOR OF DIVINITY." (JCA-35).
18. Numerous claims have been made by Hubbard and his organizations
for the religious nature of Scientology. In 1954, Hubbard said:
"a Scientologist has a better right to call himself a priest,
a minister, a missionary, a doctor of divinity, a faith healer
or a preacher than any other man who bears the insignia of religion
in the Western world" (JCA-38). In a Bulletin of 18 April
1967, Hubbard asserted that "Scientology is a religion by
its basic tenets, practice, historical background and by the definition
of the word "religion" itself ... Scientology is ...
a Religious practice in that the Church of Scientology conducts
basic services such as Sermons at Church meetings, Christenings
[sic - Scientology makes no claim to be a Christian Church], Weddings
and Funerals." (JCA-39). In a Bulletin of 4 May 1972, Hubbard
asserted "Dianetics is a science which applies to man, a
living organism; and Scientology is a religion." (JCA-40).
In the textbook What is Scientology?, first published in 1978,
Scientology is defined as "an applied religious philosophy"
(JCA-17, p.3). Most Scientology textbooks contain a disclaimer
such as the following "This book is part of the works of
L. Ron Hubbard, who developed Scientology applied religious philosophy
and Dianetics spiritual healing technology." (JCA-41).
19. The Church of Scientology offers a "Minister's Course"
to its members (JCA-42). After two weeks of training, Scientology
ministers wear dog collars and the Scientology cross and conduct
Sunday services, weddings, naming ceremonies and funerals (JCA-43).
The Church of Scientology has in the past commissioned religious
experts such as E.G. Parrinder (JCA-44) and Frank Flinn (JCA-45)
to prepare reports or give testimony to the effect that Scientology
is a bona fide religion. The booklet "The Corporations of
Scientology" (JCA-46) claims that "In the Scientology
religion, the scriptures are all the spoken and written words
of L. Ron Hubbard". All Scientology organizations are licensed
by the Religious Technology Center, a California based corporation,
and sign an agreement accepting that the Dianetics and Scientology
teachings are "scripture" (JCA-47). Hubbard's "scriptures"
are incontrovertible: "It is hereafter firm Church policy
that LRH [Hubbard] ISSUES ARE TO BE LEFT INTACT AS ISSUED [emphasis
in original]. No one except LRH can revise his issues." (JCA-48).
Since Hubbard's death in 1986, his work has been written in stone.
20. The ambiguity of Scientology's religious claims is evident
in a document which discusses the establishment of a Scientology
organization in Japan: "Even the point of whether we go religious
or non-religious has to be covered as it will determine whether
the books mention the Church [of Scientology] or not and whether
they have Church symbols, etc." (JCA-49)
21. Scientology has been granted religious tax-exemption in Australia
and the USA. However, in Regina v. Segerdal, in July 1970, the
then Master of the Rolls, Lord Denning ruled that Scientology
is not a religion (JCA-50).
Techniques of Persuasion and Selling Techniques
22. Scientology is a proselytizing faith and all Scientologists
are termed "Field Staff Members" and expected to effect
conversions. The methods of conversion are spelled out in the
Hubbard memoranda reissued in the "Field Staff Member Kit"
(JCA-51), in the "Registrar Drills" (JCA-52) and in
"FSM Breakthrough - New FSM TRs - Controlling a Conversation"
(JCA-53). I was extensively trained in recruiting at the Birmingham
Mission of the Church of Scientology, in 1975. The Field Staff
Member is instructed to discover through questioning what is "ruining"
a person's life (termed "the ruin" by Hubbard) and to
exploit any "fear of worsening". Having brought the
individual face to face with their weakness, the Scientology Field
Staff Member "brings to understanding" - the understanding
that Scientology can solve whatever problem is disclosed.
23. In a tape-recorded lecture Hubbard said the following: "all
the social machinery people have actually breaks down before direct
intention. But the thing that causes difficulty in moving people
along this line of methodology, has a great deal to do with the
invasion of privacy. I won't call it privacy because that dignifies
it. You have to be willing to invade privacy, very definitely
... If you have a hard time invading people's privacy, you'll
have a hard time 8-Cing [controlling - "8-C", literally
"infinite control"] them into a chair in an HAS Co-audit
unit [Hubbard Apprentice Scientologist], first PE [Personal Efficiency
Course], and so forth. Because you think they have rights. Nah
[sic]! They don't have any rights! What do you mean? What do they
have - what has rights? That machinery? Those dramatizations?
Those computing circuits? You mean those things have rights? Hah!
Pish-pash [sic] ... If you invade this guy's privacy that just
walked in, believe me, he walks straight in." (JCA-54).
24. Hubbard asserted that every individual has a particular emotional
level or "tone" (JCA-55, JCA-56), and during recruiting
it is necessary to approximate the emotional condition of the
would be recruit (Scientologists do elaborate role-playing of
emotional states, including the "Mood Training Routines"),
so creating rapport. Using emotional manipulation, the individual
is reduced to a depressed condition where he or she will realize
a desperate "need of change" in his or her life (JCA-57).
25. Hubbard called non-Scientologists "wogs" (JCA-58)
or "raw meat" (JCA-59) and said that non-members are
"dead" in the "head" (JCA-60) - in a hypnotic
daze and therefore easily controllable. Non-Scientologists are
held to be in the grip of their "Reactive minds" and
so incapable of logical decision. Consequently, Field Staff Members
are urged not to discuss the ideas of Scientology, but to play
upon the emotional weaknesses of the potential recruit (JCA-51,
26. The most used method of recruitment in Scientology is the
Oxford Capacity Analysis Personality Test or "OCA" (JCA-62).
This derives from Scientology's "American Personality Analysis"
of the early 1950s, which in turn was constructed from existing
tests devised by psychologists. The OCA has no connection with
Oxford, let alone Oxford University. The original test has long
been outdated and was rewritten by individuals with no background
in psychology or personality testing. Further, it is made clear
in internal literature that far from being a "free"
test, its function is solely to recruit people into Scientology
27. Hubbard openly employed "hard-selling" techniques
(JCA-51, under "hard sell", JCA-64). Sales staff undertake
frequent (often daily) "hard-sell drilling". Scientology
organizations use a printed manual called the "Hard Sell
Reference Pack". I frequently experienced the use of such
techniques. For instance, on my first visit to the British headquarters,
at Saint Hill, in August 1975, I was taken to a staff recruiter
at 11 p.m. and remained with her until about 1 a.m. My refusal
to join Scientology's paramilitary "Sea Organization",
which entails a "billion year" commitment (Scientologists
believe in reincarnation), was met with progressively more stern
entreaties. I was shown a Hubbard memorandum, which I was assured
was entirely secret, which asserted that the third world war was
imminent and that the Church of Scientology would be the only
organization capable of surviving this holocaust and governing
the world beyond it. According to this memorandum, this was the
real purpose of the Sea Organization, despite Hubbard's published
assertion that Scientology is "non-political". As a
last stab, the recruiter told me that anyone who refuses to join
the Sea Organization is insane.
28. On one occasion, between June and August 1982, I spent thirteen
hours being given a sales interview by Scientologist Peter Buttery
at my apartment in East Grinstead. In the same year, I was visited
by the same Scientology salesman who had brought Scientologist
money-lender Lee Lawrence with him. They attempted to persuade
me to borrow 7,000 pounds. The assertion was made that after "upper
level" Scientology counselling it would be easy for me to
the money and pay back the loan and the 30 percent per annum interest.
Lawrence's loan applications had to be approved by Scientology
29. Scientology sales staff, or "registrars", rapidly
form a picture of an individual's assets and borrowing capacity.
I have dealt with many individuals whose financial security was
undermined by their involvement with Scientology.
30. Scientologists are told that if they fail to undertake certain
courses they will be "at risk" (JCA-66). Ominous warnings
are often given to those who declare an intention to leave the
Churches of Scientology (JCA-67).
31. Sophisticated sales techniques are aquired by Scientology
registrars on the "Registrar Salesmanship Course" (JCA-68),
and through the application of material in the "Hard Sell
Reference Pack" (JCA-64). Scientology registrars spend long
hours "drilling" these techniques and learning how to
overcome resistance (JCA-52). Such drilling continues throughout
the registrar's career, especially after a failure to sell.
32. Hubbard made many extravagant and unfounded claims for Scientology
and these are often used by registrars. For instance, in Flag
Mission Order 375 Hubbard said: "Advanced Courses [in Scientology]
are the most valuable service on the planet. Life insurance, houses,
cars, stocks, bonds, college savings, all are transitory and impermanent
... There is nothing to compare with Advanced Courses. They are
infinitely valuable and transcend time itself." (JCA-69).
In a magazine article, Hubbard said: "For thousands of years
men have sought the state of complete spiritual freedom from the
endless cycle of birth and death and have sought personal immortality
containing full awareness, memory and ability as a spirit independent
of the flesh ... In Scientology this state has been attained.
It has been achieved not on a temporary basis, subject to relapse,
but on a stable plane of full awareness and ability, unqualified
by accident or deterioration." (JCA-70).
33. The Scientology attitude towards new recruits is unequivocal.
In a 1959 Bulletin, which is still circulated, Hubbard said "NEVER
let anyone simply walk out. Convince him he's loony if he doesn't
gain on it [an auditing procedure] because that's the truth"
(JCA-71). In a Policy Letter which is still a part of most Scientology
courses, Hubbard said: "When somebody enrols, consider he
or she has joined up for the duration of the universe - never
permit an 'open-minded' approach ... If they enrolled, they're
aboard, and if they're aboard, they're here on the same terms
as the rest of us - win or die in the attempt. Never let them
be half-minded about being Scientologists ... When Mrs. Pattycake
comes to us to be taught, turn that wandering doubt in her eye
into a fixed, dedicated glare ... The proper instruction attitude
is '... We'd rather have you dead than incapable.'" (JCA-72).
In "Critics of Scientology", Hubbard asserted "it
is totally hopeless and fatal not to be a Scientologist."
34. In a lecture, still sold as part of a Scientology course,
Hubbard said "But what kind of a government and what kind
of a weapon is really serious? Not a weapon that destroys mud.
A weapon that destroys minds, that's serious. Out of the body
of knowledge which lies before you [i.e., Scientology] a sufficient
technology is [sic - exists?] to take over, seize and handle any
government on the face of the Earth ... You can control men like
you would control robots with those techniques ... Contained in
the knowable, workable portions before your eyes there are methods
of controlling human beings and thetans [spirits] which have never
before been dreamed of in this universe. Control mechanisms of
such awesome and solid proportions that if the remedies were not
so much easier to apply, one would be appalled at the dangerousness
to beingness [sic] that exists in Scientology ... This universe
has long been looking for new ways to make slaves. Well, we've
got some new ways to make slaves here." (JCA-74). In private
papers revealed to a California court in 1984, Hubbard said "Men
are my slaves" (JCA-75).
The hypnotic nature of Scientology
35. An analysis of Hubbard's early publications on Dianetics makes
it clear that he had practised hypnosis since his teens. He claimed
vast experience as a hypnotist. Dianetics was a fusion of Freudian
technique and "light trance" hypnosis. Hubbard also
made it clear that aspects of his original Dianetic technique
are hypnotic. Although these practices were briefly suspended
in the 1950s, they have been back in full use for more than a
decade in all of Scientology's many organizations. For example,
in a 1950 lecture, Hubbard withdrew the system of counting people
into a state of "reverie" prior to a Dianetic session,
"Sometimes people go into a hypnotic trance by accident with
this count system" (JCA-76). In his 1951 book Science of
Survival Hubbard said "When an auditor finds his pre-clear
unusually suggestive [sic], he should be very careful what he
says to the pre-clear. He may notice that a pre-clear after he
closes his eyes will begin to flutter his eyelids. This is a symptom
of the very lightest level of hypnotic trance." (JCA-77)
However, in the current "Book One" Dianetic procedure,
the auditor is to "Count slowly and soothingly from 1 to
7" until "the preclear's eyes close and you notice his
eyelids flicker" (JCA-78).
36. Hubbard said that Dianetics can be used to "play on another
individual like a good organist plays on a Wurlitzer ... Knowing
by observation, the push buttons of another person - or, as in
Political Dianetics, a society - the organist can play whatever
piece he likes at will." (JCA-79)
37. Recipients of Dianetic "processing" will tend to
invent "memories" (for example, believing that they
are reliving birth and conception or "past lives" in
extra-terrestrial societies), so causing False Memory Syndrome.
The techniques of Scientology exploit this collapse of distinction
between memory and imagination to induce euphoria and dependency.
In "Training Routine Zero", a fundamental practice of
Scientology, individuals are expected to spend "some hours"
sitting immobile and staring at another similarly immobile Scientologist
(JCA-80). This leads to a hypnotic state in which the Scientologist
hallucinates and experiences spatial distortion. In the Scientology
"process" "Opening Procedure by Duplication",
the Scientology "auditor" commands the recipient to
walk between two tables, picking up the book on one and the bottle
on the other and guessing their weight and temperature. This procedure
is received in two hour sessions, and as many as 18 sessions can
be administered over a few days. The procedure leads to spatial
dissociation, which the Scientologist is told indicates that he
has left his human body although all of his perceptions are still
channelled through it (JCA-81).
The Sea Organization
38. The Sea Organization, or Sea Org, was created by Hubbard in
August 1967. According to promotional literature, "The Sea
Org is the only guarantee of the survival of Scientology technology
on this planet. Without the survival of Scientology technology,
there is no hope for the survival of Man." (JCA-82).
39. Speaking of Sea Org members, Hubbard said "the whole
value of a being is to his group and not to himself at all..."
40. Hubbard asserted that the Sea Org is "fabian", and
redefined that word to mean "using stratagem and delay to
wear out an opponent" (JCA-84). Hubbard wanted the Sea Org
to be seen as "a determined but elusive and sometimes frightening
group". He also asserted that the Sea Org has "tough
discipline", and that "Only those members who are not
used heavily aboard [ship] or on mission seem to go slack."
41. The Sea Org is a paramilitary organization, in which members
wear pseudo-naval uniform and hold pseudo-naval ranks (JCA-86).
Members also wear the equivalent of campaign ribbons (JCA-87).
Scientology teaches reincarnation, and Sea Org members sign a
contract for a billion years (JCA-88). Elsewhere this is styled
"a pledge of eternal service". This text adds: "New
Sea Org members undergo rigorous basic training ... Sea Org
members, having devoted their lives to their religion, work long
hours for little pay and live a communal existence" (JCA-89).
The recruit gives away certain rights by signing the Sea Org contract:
"I ... fully and without reservation, subscribe to the discipline,
mores and conditions of this group and pledge to abide by them"
(JCA-88). The Sea Org member is also expected to abide by the
"Code of a Sea Org Member": "1. I promise to uphold,
forward and carry out Command Intention ... 5. I promise to uphold
the fact that duty is the Sea Org Member's true motivation, which
is the highest motivation there is ... 11. I promise to accept
and fulfill to the utmost of my ability the responsibilities entrusted
to me whatever they may be and wherever they may carry me in the
line of duty ... 17. I promise through my actions to increase
the power of the Sea Org and decrease the power of any enemy."
42. In the mid-1960s, Hubbard began to experiment on his followers
with "ethics penalties" - the use of humiliating and
degrading practices to enforce unthinking compliance with his
orders. In the "Policy Letter", "Awards and Penalties",
Hubbard outlined "penalties" that staff members must
suffer, prefacing his comments with this statement "Does
not apply to Sea Org which has its own, much worse." Under
"Non-existence", Hubbard wrote: "Must wear old
clothes. May not bathe. Women must not wear make-up or have hair-do's.
Men may not shave. No lunch hour is given and such persons are
expected not to leave the premises." (JCA-91). In the "Penalties
for Lower Conditions", Hubbard ordered that staff in a certain
"ethics condition" should be subjected to "day
and night confinement to org premises." (JCA-92). This was
reiterated in a subsequent "Policy Letter" (JCA-93).
Speaking of his "ethics penalties", Hubbard asserted
"one ex-Naval person, reading them realized suddenly, 'you
could kill a man with the penalties of non-existence, by work
and no sleep.'" (JCA-94).
43. In 1968, Hubbard introduced the practice of "overboarding".
A photograph of this practice was published in Scientology's magazine
"The Auditor", issue 41, with the caption: "Students
are thrown overboard for gross out tech and bequeathed to the
deep!" (JCA-95). Overboarding was used as a punishment for
failure to comply exactly with Hubbard's orders. At about the
same time, the tank punishment - where individuals were put into
the bilge tanks and kept awake for 84 hours - and the chainlocker
punishment - where individuals were put in the dark, cramped,
waterlogged, rat-infested and filthy chainlocker. Witnesses have
said that even children were put in the chainlocker at Hubbard's
The Rehabilitation Project Force
44. In 1973, Hubbard introduced the "Rehabilitation Project
Force" ("RPF") (JCA-96). Disobedient Sea Org members
have been assigned to the RPF from that time. The RPF replaced
the "Rehabilitation Unit" (JCA-96) of which Hubbard
said "The unit is worked hard during the day on a rigorous
schedule...". This unit had replaced the "Mud Box Brigade"
- "persons appointed to clean mud boxes, fuel lines, water
lines, bilges, etc." (JCA-97). Few of the internal memoranda
which apply to the RPF are publicly available. All are relevant
to litigation, as they show the true character of Scientology
and the inhuman pressures brought to bear upon Sea Org members.
The designations for RPF material are "Executive Directive
965 Flag 'RPF Reinstated'" and all additions and "Flag
Order 3434" and all additions (there are at least 56 memoranda
in this series, numbered FO 3434-1 to FO 3434-56).
45. The RPF is virtually a labour and thought reform camp. Members
are forbidden communication with any but their "bosun"
(the head of the RPF); they have to comply immediately with any
order; they sleep even shorter hours than other staff; they eat
even poorer food than other staff (often rice, beans and porridge
for weeks. For some time in Florida, "RPFers" were fed
left-over food) (JCA-98); they sleep in "pig's berthing",
i.e. without beds (JCA-99, JCA-100); they do hard labour and menial
tasks, including toilet and sewer cleaning; they are rarely permitted
time off; they receive one quarter of the already derisory pay
of other staff (JCA-101); and they have to write down
detailed "confessions", which may be published by the
organization (JCA-102, JCA-103). Finally, an RPF sentence is open-ended
and may last for as much as four years. Failure to comply leads
to posting to the "RPFers RPF", which according to witnesses
has consisted of false imprisonment. False imprisonment or "isolation"
is a part of the "technology" of Scientology (JCA-104,
JCA-105). There are hundreds of former members who suffered the RPF.
46. While aboard ship during the early 1970s, Hubbard introduced
"isolation watches" where an individual is forcibly
confined after a "psychotic break" (a mental breakdown,
usually caused by Scientology's hypnotic procedures). Such people
can be held for weeks under 24-hour guard (JCA-104, JCA-105).
The procedure is referred to as "babywatching" or "babysitting"
in Scientology. In 1994, The Independent newspaper in Britain
published an account of "babywatching" (JCA-106). HCO Ethics Order 2543 of 28 September 1993, concerning Heidi Degro,
makes it clear that the practice is still in use (JCA-105). Indeed, the practice forms a part of Scientology's incontrovertible "scripture" (JCA-104).
The Erosion of Critical Thinking
47. I have spent over ten years interviewing and counselling former
Scientologists, and have come to the firm conclusion that Dianetics
and Scientology tend to erode independent decision making and
critical thinking. Hubbard claimed that his techniques were the
only valid approach to mental and spiritual well-being. He derided
all psychotherapeutic practices (JCA-107). Hubbard asserted with
regard to psychology and psychiatry that "the instigators,
patrons and supporters of these two subjects classify fully and
demonstrably as criminals." (JCA-108). Although Scientology
claims to be "open to people of all religions" (JCA-109),
Hubbard asserted that heaven has been deserted for at least 43
trillion years (JCA-110), and that Christ is simply a fabrication
48. The techniques of Dianetics and Scientology induce uncritical
euphoria and heighten suggestibility. Scientologists are forbidden
criticism of Hubbard, his organizations, his techniques, and of
other Scientologists except in written reports to those organizations
(JCA-112, JCA-113). Such "ethics reports" are encouraged.
To even attempt to discuss the processing techniques is termed
"verbal tech[nology]" and forbidden (JCA-114). Offenders
are subjected to a "Committee of Evidence", a Scientology
tribunal, for the commission of a "Suppressive Act"
or "High Crime". Such "High Crimes" are considered
the equivalent of murder (JCA-115).
49. During the first stages of involvement, a new recruit is often
flattered as an exceptional individual (JCA-52) and encouraged
by false claims of physical cure (e.g., JCA-21, JCA-23 to JCA-30)
and psychic abilities (e.g., JCA-69, JCA-70) made in Hubbard's
works and by euphoric Scientologists.
50. Scientologists are bombarded with promotional literature,
magazines such as Impact, Source, Advance!, The Auditor, Communication,
Certainty, Freedom, Freewinds, Good News, Inroads, Celebrity,
International Scientology News and Keeping Scientology Working
News. These all point to the supposedly positive and beneficial
effects of Dianetics and Scientology, but avoid any mention of
court decisions, medical reports, government enquiries or media
pieces critical of these practices.
51. In its publications, Scientology incites hatred for anyone
critical of its ideas and techniques. For example, in "Ron's
Journal 34", which has frequently been reprinted, Hubbard
said: "Time and again since 1950, the vested interests which
pretend to run the world (for their own appetites and profit)
have mounted full-scale attacks. With a running dog press and
slavish government agencies the forces of evil have launched their
lies and sought, by whatever means, to check and destroy Scientology.
What is being decided in this arena is whether mankind has a chance
to go free or be smashed and tortured as an abject subject of
the power elite ... a review of these battles over the past thirty-two
years moves one to contemptuous laughter. The enemy, perched in
their trees or swinging by their tails, have been about as effective
as one of their psychologist's monkeys peeling a policeman's club
thinking it is a banana and then throwing it only to hit the chief
ape in the face ... The AMA, pouring lies into the press through
gnashing teeth persevered for years - and then went bankrupt.
The psychiatrist, riding high in 1959, hoping to place one of
his ilk in a blackmail position behind every head of state, hoping
to consign any citizen at his whim to a psychiatric Siberia, trying
to preserve his right to kill and maim as a profession above the
law, is today a butt of comic strips. And what of the FDA that,
for fifteen years snarled and snapped at the E-Meter? One hardly
hears of them today. And what of the mighty Interpol, that tool
of the CIA? It was found to be a nest of war criminals hiding
out from the law itself ... You do not hear much about this from
the running dog press because, of course, they were the tool of
the enemy in the first place. They lose because they traffic in
lies ... They are mad monkeys ... just remember a maxim: if the
papers say it, it isn't true." (JCA-116).
52. Scientologists are discouraged from reading anything hostile
to Scientology ("entheta") (JCA-117), and ordered not
to communicate in any way with anyone critical of its teachings
(JCA-2). This is quite obviously a form of mental imprisonment
or psychological slavery.
53. Scientology advertising is based upon the principles of motivational
research, and seeks to recruit people by bypassing their reasoning.
This policy was clearly stated by Hubbard (JCA-54). In 1988, the
Church of Scientology hired leading Public Relations firm Hill
and Knowlton to make its advertising more effective (JCA-118).
54. Hubbard termed the hypnotic counselling procedures of Dianetics
and Scientology "auditing" or "processing".
Scientologists undertake some 27 "levels" consisting
of hundreds of different processing procedures. Scientology practitioners
are rarely, if ever, trained in psychology or psychotherapy.
55. Most processing is done with the subject, or "preclear",
connected to a psychogalvanometer, described by Hubbard as a "'lie
detector' as used by police and in psychology laboratories"
(JCA-119). The subject is connected to the galvanometer by two
hand held soup cans, which function as electrodes. The galvanometer
measures variations in a small electric current passed through
the subject. Where an individual is unwilling to be interrogated
on the E-meter, the following practice forms a part of the "scriptures"
of Scientology: "When the subject placed on a meter will
not talk but can be made to hold the cans (or can be held while
the cans are strapped to the soles or placed under the armpit,
I am sorry if that sounds brutal, it isn't [sic]), it is still
possible to obtain full information from the subject." (JCA-120).
56. During the course of auditing the individual is frequently
asked to disclose guilty secrets or "withholds". The
auditor writes these confessions down. According to the Bulletin
"Miscellaneous Reports": "When an Auditor finds
an Ethics Situation [in session reports] he should mark it and
circle it in red after the session. The pc [preclear - subject]
is not necessarily turned in ... but the Auditor should make mention
of it ... If it is a serious situation that affects others, then
it is the Auditor's responsibility to report it." (JCA-121).
A copy of the report is sent to a Scientology Ethics department.
57. Scientologists are periodically subjected to confessional
interrogations, where printed lists, sometimes numbering hundreds
of questions, are asked (JCA-122). Scientologists pay 200 pounds
per hour for these "confessionals" (JCA-32). Confessional
lists are checked with the subject connected to the "E-meter"
(JCA-103). Such interrogations are now generally styled "confessionals",
"integrity processing" and "eligibility confessionals"
but were originally styled "security checks" or "sec
checks": "In the early '60s LRH [Hubbard] developed
the technology known as Sec Checking. As issued it was
used for two purposes: as a general tool to clean up a pc's overts
and withholds and as a security tool to detect out-ethics persons
and security risks." (JCA-123). In "The Only Valid Security
Check", details are requested concerning potential past misdeeds,
including: shoplifting, theft, forgery, blackmail, smuggling,
drunkenness, burglary, embezzlement, cannibalism, drug addiction,
sexual practices and counterfeiting. There are also 21 questions
relating to Hubbard, his wife and Scientology (JCA-122). A Scientology
"Bulletin" says "The specific details of each misdeed
must be gotten." (JCA-124).
58. In the "Hubbard Communications Manual of Justice",
Hubbard said "Intelligence is mostly the collection of data
on people ... It is basically a listening and filing action. It
is done all the time about everything and everybody." (JCA-125).
Hubbard also said "The main danger of Integrity Processing
is not probing a person's past but failing to do so thoroughly.
When you leave an Integrity Processing question 'live' and go
on to the next one, you set up a nasty situation" (JCA-126);
"Take up each reading question [i.e., each question which
causes a reaction on the 'E-meter'], getting the what, when, where,
all of every overt [transgression] ... Get specifics ... For security
investigation purposes, get all the exact names, dates, addresses,
phone numbers, and any other information that might be helpful..."
59. Scientologists can also be subjected to "HCO Confessionals",
where they are told that the information they give will not remain
confidential: "The second use of Integrity Processing is
as an ethics or security measure ... [it] can be done as a straight
security action." (JCA-123). The same sets of questions are
used in both forms of confessional: "The term 'I am not auditing
you' only occurs when a Confessional is done for justice reasons.
Otherwise the procedure is the same (By 'justice reasons' is meant
when a person is refusing to come clean [sic]...) ... A Confessional
done for justice reasons is not auditing and the data uncovered
is not withheld from the proper authorities." (JCA-103).
60. In Church of Scientology of California v. Armstrong, Mary
Sue Hubbard, former "Controller" of Scientology, admitted
that she had issued Guardian's Order 161269 which orders that
"processing files" - the written records of confessionals
- are to be reviewed so that discreditable material in them can
be used against former members (JCA-127). This despite many representations
that such confessional files are confidential. In July 1977, the
FBI seized many examples of such "folder culls". Former
senior Scientology executives testified in the Armstrong case
that folder culling was a common practice in Scientology (Laurel
Sullivan, Nancy Dincalci, Kima Douglas - all of whom had worked
with Hubbard, and Edward Walters, a former Guardian's Office intelligence
operative) (JCA-128, JCA-129, JCA-130, JCA-131).
61. Any critisicm of Hubbard or Scientology is attributed to the
critic's guilt and fear of being found out. Hubbard asserted:
"Now, get this as a technical fact, not just a hopeful idea.
Every time we have investigated the background of a critic of
Scientology, we have found crimes for which that person or group
could be imprisoned under existing law. We do not find critics
of Scientology who do not have criminal pasts. Over and over we
prove this." (JCA-73).
62. Should a Scientology student question any of the tenets of
Scientology, he is required to look up definitions of words in
the text: "The student says he does not understand something.
The Supervisor has him look earlier in the text for a misunderstood
word." (JCA-132); "Whenever a person has a confused
idea of something or believes there is some conflict of ideas
IT IS ALWAYS TRUE THAT A MISUNDERSTOOD WORD EXISTS AT THE BOTTOM
OF THAT CONFUSION." (Emphasis in original, JCA-133). No-one
who disagrees with Hubbard can continue in Scientology. All practices
have to be adhered to absolutely. To do otherwise is regarded
as a violation of "standard technology". In this way,
even factual errors in Hubbard's work remain unchanged. For example,
the phrase "The 14th century psychiatrist" used in the
"Policy Letter" "Sanity" (JCA-134). A "course
supervisor" at the Birmingham Scientology organization spent
almost 30 minutes trying to persuade me that this was not a typographical
error for "19th".
63. Hubbard's "Policy Letter" "Suppressive Acts...",
(JCA-115), lists over 100 actions considered "High Crimes"
or "Suppressive Acts" by Scientology. The list begins
with "murder", making it clear how severely Scientology
views the other listed actions. These include: "Public statements
against Scientology"; "Testifying hostilely before state
or public inquiries"; "Continued membership in a divergent
group"; "Continued adherence to a person or group pronounced
a suppressive person or group"; "Delivering up the person
of a Scientologist without justifiable defense or lawful protest
to the demands of civil or criminal law"; "Permitting
students to talk to each other ... during course hours";
"to publicly depart Scientology". For committing any
of these "high crimes", a Scientologist can be expelled
and "declared Suppressive" and his Scientologist friends
and family forbidden further communication with him (JCA-2).
64. In training, Scientologists are subjected to an elaborate
system of "checkouts" to ensure that they have exactly
"duplicated" Hubbard's teachings. These include "high
crime checkouts" (JCA-135). The purpose of such "checkouts"
is to bring about absolute agreement with Hubbard. Should a student
fail to agree with Hubbard, he will be sent first to the "Cramming"
section of the organization and then, if that fails, to the "Ethics"
section. No student is permitted to continue with a course beyond
a disagreement, and students who disagree are separated from other
students. Continued disagreement leads to expulsion from Scientology.
65. HCO Policy Letter "Policies on Physical Healing..."
explains categories of people forbidden involvement with Scientology:
"a. Persons intimately connected with persons ... of known
antagonism to ... Scientology"; "Persons who 'want to
be processed to see if Scientology works' ... News reporters fall
into this category."; "Persons who 'have an open mind'"
66. Scientologists are forbidden medical assistance without consent
from Scientology (JCA-137). All psychotherapies and meditational
practices are forbidden (JCA-138).
67. Any Scientology "Clear" can be questioned to determine
which of Hubbard's claimed criteria they have obtained - for example,
freedom from the common cold, a near perfect memory and the ability
to do a calculation in ten or fifteen seconds that would take
a "normal" person 30 minutes. The claims for "Operating
Thetan levels", which come after "Clear", are stranger
yet. Scientology "Operating Thetans" should be asked
about their ability to leave their bodies and remotely perceive
events. Demonstration should be sought. Having failed to meet
Hubbard's criteria, the individual will still show absolute loyalty
Retribution against litigants, critics, competitors and former
68. The Hubbard "Policy Letter" "Suppressive Acts,
Suppression of Scientology and Scientologists" (JCA-115),
shows how easy it is to commit "High Crimes" or "Suppressive
Acts". These include "Public disavowal of Scientology",
"Public statements against Scientology", "Bringing
civil suit against any Scientology organization", "Demanding
the return of any or all fees", "Continued adherence
to a person or group pronounced a suppressive person or group",
"publicly departing Scientology" and "Violation
or neglect of any of the ten points of Keeping Scientology Working"
(in particular "Knowing it [Scientology "technology"]
is correct", "Applying the technology", "Hammering
out of existence incorrect technology"). Strictly speaking,
anyone who does not know that Scientology's "technology"
is correct is deemed a "Suppressive Person".
69. It is made clear in Scientology's published policy that a
person expelled from Scientology is "Fair Game" (JCA-139).
A "Suppressive Person declare" is Scientology's equivalent
of the Shia Muslim "fatwa".
70. In "Justice, Suppressive Acts, Suppression of Scientology
and Scientologists, the Fair Game Law", Hubbard asserted
"By FAIR GAME is meant, without rights for self, possessions
or position, and no Scientologist may be brought before a Committee
of Evidence or punished for any action taken against a Suppressive
Person or Group during the period that person or group is 'fair
game'." (JCA-140) In this Policy Letter, we learn that "Suppressive
Acts include ... 1st degree murder, arson, disintegration of persons
or belongings not guilty of suppressive acts". Scientologists
are thereby given leave to destroy the person and property of
a "Suppressive Person".
71. Elsewhere, Hubbard carefully explained the provisions of Fair
Game: A Suppressive Person "May be deprived of property or
injured by any means by any Scientologist without any discipline
of the Scientologist. May be tricked, sued or lied to or destroyed."
72. In 1968, Hubbard ordered that the words "Fair Game"
"may not appear on any Ethics Order. It causes bad public
relations." However, the practice of Fair Game was not cancelled
"This ... does not cancel any policy on the treatment or
handling of an SP [Suppressive Person]." (JCA-142).
73. A training checksheet used as evidence in the conviction of
eleven Scientology officials in the US (including Hubbard's wife
and immediate deputy), shows that the 1 March 1965 "Policy
Letter" (JCA-140) still formed part of a secret course for
Scientology harassment operatives (members of "Branch One"
of the "Guardian's Office" of Scientology) (JCA-143,
p.18, second item).
74. When the nominal head of Scientology's "Guardian's Office",
Jane Kember, and the head of Scientology Intelligence, Morris
Budlong, were sentenced to imprisonment in the United States,
in 1980, the sentencing memorandum included this statement: "Defendants,
through one of their attorneys, have stated that the fair game
policy continued in effect well after the indictment in this case
and the conviction of the first nine co-defendants. Defendants
claim that the policy was abrogated by the Church's Board of Directors
in late July or early August, 1980." (JCA-144, footnote p.16).
75. The "Policy Letter" which allegedly cancelled "fair
game" in 1980 (JCA-139), was itself cancelled by a Policy
Letter of 8 September 1983 (JCA-145). As such, Fair Game is an
incontrovertible "scripture" of the Churches of Scientology
(JCA-46, JCA-47, JCA-48), even though the words "fair game"
are no longer used to describe the practice (JCA-142).
76. Mr. Justice Latey ruled in the High Court in London, in July
1984, that "Deprival of property, injury by any means, trickery,
suing, lying or destruction have been pursued throughout and to
this day with the fullest possible vigour ... The 'Church' resorts
to lies and deceit whenever it thinks it will profit it to do
77. In Wollersheim v. Church of Scientology of California (the
"mother church" of the Churches of Scientology at the
time the suit was filed), the California Appeal Court ruled, in
a decision upheld by the US Supreme Court: "Wollersheim was
compelled to abandon his wife and his family through the policy
of disconnect. When his mental illness reached such a level he
actively planned his suicide, he was forbidden to seek professional
help. Finally, when Wollersheim was able to leave the Church,
it subjected him to financial ruin through its policy of 'fair
game'." (JCA-147, pp.A-7, 15 & 16). At appeal, Scientology
asserted that "fair game" was a "core practice
of Scientology", and therefore protected as "religious
expression". This position was also made on behalf of Scientology
in the case against Gerald Armstrong, in 1984, by religious expert
Dr. Frank Flinn (JCA-45).
78. In the same case (Church of Scientology of California v. Armstrong)
(JCA-7), Judge Paul Breckenridge criticised the continued use
of Fair Game, showing that the policy had remained in force beyond
the supposed cancellation in 1980. Judge Breckenridge said: "In
addition to violating and abusing its own members' civil rights,
the [Scientology] organization over the years with its 'Fair Game'
doctrine has harassed and abused those persons not in the Church
whom it perceives as its enemies." Judge Breckenridge added,
"After the within suit was filed ... Defendant Armstrong
was the subject of harassment, including being followed and surveilled
by individuals who admitted employment by Plaintiff; being assaulted
by one of these individuals; being struck bodily by a car driven
by one of these individuals; having two attempts made by said
individuals apparently to involve Defendant Armstrong in a freeway
automobile accident; having said individuals come onto Defendant
Armstrong's property, spy in his windows, create disturbances,
and upset his neighbors".
79. Fair Game has long been a policy of Scientology. In 1955 Hubbard
wrote, speaking of practitioners of Scientology not licensed by
him: "The law can be used very easily to harass ... if possible,
of course, ruin him utterly" (JCA-27, p.157). Hubbard also
wrote, "If attacked on some vulnerable point by anyone or
anything or any organization, always find or manufacture enough
threat against them to cause them to sue for peace." (JCA-148).
80. In 1965, Hubbard wrote in Scientology's "Auditor"
magazine: "Principals of the Victorian government such as
the 'Prime Minister', Anderson the 'Q.C.' and hostile members
of the 'Victorian Parliament' are continued as suppressive persons
and they and their families and connections may not be processed
or trained and are fair game." (JCA-149).
81. Current Scientology "scriptures" attribute only
negative qualities to "Suppressive Persons" (JCA-150).
Between 1983 and 1992, the number of people ajudged "Suppressive
Persons" by Scientology increased from 600 (JCA-1) to 2,400
(JCA-151). According to Scientology leader David Miscavige, the
next section of Hubbard's supposed psychotherapy - Operating Thetan
Course Section 9 - will not be released until "ethics is
fully gotten in on the SPs [Suppressive Persons]" (JCA-152).
This means that all critics of Scientology must be silenced. In
light of the "scripture" of "Fair Game", the
interpretation of this order to all Scientologists can only be
82. The lengths to which Scientologists will go to harass opponents
are shown by a Hubbard lecture, still distributed within Scientology,
where Hubbard boasted of the creation of his intelligence agency
the "Guardian's Office", and its infiltration of newspapers,
international banks and even the British government: "With
all of this action being taken against us in the last 17 years
... it was vitally necessary that I isolate who it was on this
planet who was attacking us ... The Organization, under the direction
of Mary Sue [Hubbard], ... employed several professional intelligence
agents who had long and successful professional backgrounds and
they looked into this matter for us and the results of their activities
- although still in progress - have told us all we needed to know
with regard to any enemy we had on this planet. Our enemies on
this planet are less than 12 men. They are members of the Bank
of England, and other higher financial circles. They own and control
newspaper chains and they are oddly enough directors in all the
Mental Health groups in the world ... Wilson ... the current premier
of England [sic] is totally involved with these fellows ... They
have collected rather interesting files on us ... and their orders
concerning what to do about this as part of their files all makes
very interesting reading. We of course have full copies of their
files. It was, of course, their bad luck to tangle with someone
who had been trained in the field of intelligence by the allied
governments, which is myself and they had insufficient security
and insufficient loyalty amongst their own people to keep out
the intelligence agents which we sent against them." (JCA-153).
83. Ten years after Hubbard initiated the practice of infiltration
and theft, Churches of Scientology in the US were raided. This
led to the conviction and imprisonment of eleven Scientology officials
(JCA-154). Almost forty others were cited as "unindicted
co-conspirators", including Hubbard (JCA-155). Similar events
led to convictions in Canada in 1992.
84. The sentencing memorandum in USA v. Mary Sue Hubbard et al
makes clear the scale of the offences committed by Hubbard's agents:
"The United States initiated the investigation which resulted
in the instant indictment in view of the brazen, systematic and
persistent burglaries of United States Government offices in Washington,
D.C., and Los Angeles, California, over an extended period of
at least some two years. Additionally, the United States was confronted
with the pervasive conduct of the defendants in this case in thwarting
a federal Grand Jury investigation by harboring a fugitive, in
effect forcefully kidnapping a witness who had decided to surrender
to the federal authorities, submitting false evidence to the Grand
Jury, destroying other evidence which might have been of valuable
aid to its investigation, preparing a cover-up story, and encouraging
and drilling a crucial witness to give false testimony under oath
to that Grand Jury ... a review of the documents seized in the
... searches ... show the incredible and sweeping nature of the
criminal conduct of the defendants and of the organization which
they led. These crimes include infiltration and theft of documents
from a number of prominent private national and world organizations,
law firms and newspapers; the execution of smear campaigns and
baseless law suits to destroy private individuals who had attempted
to exercise their First Amendment rights to freedom of expression;
the framing of private citizens who had been critical of Scientology,
including the forging of documents which led to the indictment
of at least one innocent person; violation of the civil rights
of prominent private figures and public officials. These are but
a few of the criminal acts not covered in the 'uncontested' stipulation
of evidence ... defendant Heldt's assertion that 'the policy of
the Church prohibits any illegality on the part of its members
or staff...' is totally unfounded and incorrect. The evidence
in this case ... establish[es] beyond peradventure that the Church
and its leadership had, over the years, approved, condoned and
engaged in gross and widespread illegality. One, indeed, wonders
how it can even be suggested that the defendants and their organization
did not make illegal activities part and parcel of their daily
Scientology's attitude towards the Courts
85. The scriptures of Scientology show little respect for the
judicial system. In 1965, Hubbard wrote "Don't react to Scientology
Ethics as though it were 'wog' law. In society's 'courts' one
is given the works and truth has little bearing on the findings.
A mean judge or clever attorney and small legal errors decide
a lot of their cases. Wog courts are like throwing dice. There
is huge cost and publicity and punishment galore even for the
innocent." (JCA-156). In another 1965 "Policy Letter",
Hubbard said "Want to know why wog courts make people nervy?
Who can predict a wog court decision? Who can even predict the
sentence man to man for the same crime?" (JCA-157).
86. The second edition of What is Scientology? contains a section
comparing "Scientology justice" to "wog law",
which says that the "justice system is bogged down in a morass
of Latinized grammatical complexities and has become, sadly, a
matter of which attorney can present the better argument. Right
and wrong, guilt and innocence are relegated to bit players in
the show. A lawyer defending a criminal on trial for armed robbery,
for instance, is not interested in establishing guilt or innocence;
he is looking for a loophole or technicality on which the case
can be dismissed and his client set free whether guilty or not.
Few have the wealth necessary or even try to pursue justice through
the courts and even if one prevails, attorney costs often make
it a Pyrrhic victory. The due process of the court system is in
a virtual gridlock of motions, countermotions, depositions, injunctions,
appeals, claims and counterclaims." (JCA-158).
87. In a statement recusing himself from a Scientology case, California
judge James Ideman said "The past eight years have consisted
mainly of a prolonged, and ultimately unsucessful, attempt to
persuade or compel the plaintiff to comply with lawful discovery.
These efforts have been fiercely resisted by plaintiffs. They
have utilized every device that we on the District Court have
ever heard of to avoid such compliance, and some that are new
to us. This noncompliance has consisted of evasions, misrepresentations,
broken promises and lies, but ultimately with refusal. As part
of this scheme to not comply, the plaintiffs have undertaken a
massive campaign of filing every conceivable motion (and some
inconceivable) to disguise the true issue in these pretrial proceedings.
Apparently viewing litigation as war, plaintiffs by this tactic
have had the effect of massively increasing the costs to the other
parties, and, for a while, to the Court ... The scope of the plaintiffs'
efforts have to be seen to be believed ... 1,737 filings [were
made by Scientology] ... Yet it is almost all puffery -- motions
without merit or substance." (JCA-159).
88. In the "scriptures" of Scientology, Hubbard wrote:
"the law can be used very easily to harass." The December
1980 issue of "The American Lawyer" makes it clear that
this policy has extended to judges in trials involving Scientology
89. As part of their membership contract, Scientologists are compelled
to sign the "Pledge to Mankind", first issued in 1984,
which reads in part "In the United States ... we are the
targets of unprincipled attacks in the court system by those who
would line their pockets from our hard won coffers. Bigots in
all branches of government ... are bent on our destruction through
taxation and repressive legislation. We have been subjected to
illegal heresy trials in two countries before prejudiced and malinformed
judges who are not qualified or inclined to perceive the truth."
90. A 1985 issue of the Scientology magazine "Impact"
carries the following account: "Rev. Ken Hoden ... President
of the Church of Scientology of California recently won a motion
in Los Angeles that allowed the Church to rebring an important
Federal Lawsuit. After one of the Church attorneys was arrested
on the charge of contempt of court and another escorted out of
the Courtrooms by order of a suppressive Judge ... Rev. Hoden
got up. He argued before the judge for a full twenty minutes.
He had effectively picked up the ball and gave a most moving,
pro-Church and anti-suppression speech, right to the face of the
suppression: the judge in the case." (JCA-162).
91. Since 1983, I have counselled tens of former Scientologists
and been appalled by a succession of accounts of financial and
psychological devastation. I have met individuals who borrowed
money under false pretences, bankrupted businesses to pay immense
amounts for Scientology "auditing", and abandoned spouses
and even small children to pursue Scientology. I have also counselled
individuals who had left Scientology as much as 20 years before
and who had been plagued by guilt and a sense of inadequacy induced
by Scientology and its techniques of psychological domination.
Scientology is especially dangerous to those with incipient mental
illness. I have counselled two individuals who were first committed
to mental hospitals after encountering Scientology and been consulted
by the staff of a psychiatric hospital in a third case. A California
Appeal Court judgment, upheld by the US Supreme Court, shows that
Scientology brought about manic depression and suicidal tendencies
in former member Lawrence Wollersheim (JCA-147, p.A-2).
92. The promises of Dianetics and Scientology are so attractive,
the counselling procedures so invasive and the selling techniques
so forceful that former members can take years to see them as
simply techniques of psychological domination. U.S. academics
Conway and Siegelman, who studied 400 former cult members from
48 groups, concluded that Scientology has "the most debilitating
set of rituals of any cult in America ... although claiming the
most severe long-term effects, former Scientologists surveyed
reported the lowest total of hours per week spent in ritual and
indoctrination." Conway and Siegelman approximated the time
for unaided recovery at 12.5 years (JCA-163). My own experiences
as a counsellor bear this out.
Jonathan Caven-Atack General Report on Scientology - exhibits
JCA-1. Sea Organization Executive Directive
2192 International, "List of Declared Suppressive Persons",
27 January 1983.
JCA-2. Scientology Policy Directive 28, "Suppressive
Act - Dealing with a Suppressive Person", 13 August 1982.
JCA-3. Sea Organization Executive Directive
2104, "The Flow Up the Bridge...", 7 November 1982,
JCA-4. AOSHUK price list, 1983.
JCA-5. Professor Stephen A. Kent, "International
Social Control by the Church of Scientology.", 23 March 1992.
JCA-6. Professor Louis Jolyon West, M.D.,
"Psychiatry and Scientology", 6 May 1992.
JCA-7. Memorandum of Intended Decision in
Church of Scientology of California v. Gerald Armstrong, Superior
Court for the State of California, C420153, 20 June 1984.
JCA-8. Church of Scientology International,
What is Scientology?, second edition, 1992.
JCA-9. Church of Scientology, "A Report
to Members of Parliament on Scientology, December 1968.
JCA-10. US Navy medical records for L. Ron
JCA-11. Look magazine, 5 December 1950.
JCA-12. Letter from the Department of the
Navy to Mark Jones, 1 October 1985.
JCA-13. Hubbard, "Man who invented Scientology",
Bulletin of 26 May 1959, reprinted in The Technical Bulletins
of Dianetics and Scientology, volume 4, pp.470-471, 1979
JCA-14. Letter from the registrar, George
Washington University to the US Navy, 27 May 1941, including Hubbard's
JCA-15. Hubbard, Mission into Time,
JCA-16. Hubbard, "A Short Biography
of L. Ron Hubbard", "The Auditor" issue 63.
JCA-17. Church of Scientology of California,
What is Scientology?, 1978 edition.
JCA-18. Hubbard, journal of his 1927 trip
to Guam (exhibit 62 in CSC v Armstrong, 1984).
JCA-19. Hubbard, journal of his 1928 trip
to Guam (exhibit 65 in CSC v Armstong).
JCA-20. Hubbard, "The Camp-Fire",
"Adventure" magazine, 1 October1935.
JCA-21. Hubbard, Dianetics: The-Modern
Science of Mental Health, New Era, Denmark, 1982 printing.
JCA-22. Freud, Two Short Accounts of Psycho-Analysis,
trans and ed James Strachey, Pelican Books, England, 1984.
JCA-23. Hubbard, Address by L, Ron Hubbard,
Arcadia Theater, Wichita, Kansas", 6 February 1952,
JCA-24. Hubbard, Scientology: A History
of Man, 1968 printing.
JCA-25. Hubbard, "The Old Man's Case-Book",
from "The Journal of Scientology", issue 15-G, May 1953,
reprinted in The Technical Bulletins of Dianetics and Scientology,
volume 1, p.337, 1979 printing.
JCA-26. "The Auditor", issue 198,
JCA-27. Hubbard, "The Scientologist
- A Manual on the Dissemination of Material", reprinted in
The Technical Bulletins of Dianetics and Scientology volume
2, pp.151-171, 1979 printing.
JCA-28. "Advance!", issue 10, p.2.
JCA-29. "The Auditor", Africa and
Europe, issue 231, p.3.
JCA-30. "Celebrity", minor issue
JCA-31. Hubbard, Scientology 0-8,
pp.134-135 (removed from subsequent editions), 1971 printing.
JCA-32. Advanced Organisation Saint Hill
United Kingdom, "Donations Information", March 1992.
JCA-33. Hubbard, "Philadelphia Doctorate
Course", lecture 18, 1982 transcript, p.17.
JCA-34. Hubbard letter to Helen O'Brien,
10 April 1953 (exhibit 500-4V in CSC v Armstrong 1984, cited in
vol.12, p.1976 and vol.26, p.4619).
JCA-35. Hubbard, Associate Letter of 10 March
1954, reprinted in The Technical Bulletins of Dianetics and
Scientology, volume 2, pp.32-34, 1979 printing.
JCA-36. Hubbard, Modern Management Technology
Defined, 1976 edition, definition of "Church of American
JCA-37, Roy Wallis, PhD, The Road to Total
Freedom - a sociological analysis of Scientology, Heinmann,
England, 1976, p.128.
JCA-38. Hubbard, "Why Doctor of Divinity?"
in "Professional Auditor's Bulletin", issue 32, reprinted
in The Technical Bulletins of Dianetics and Scientology,
volume 2, pp.72-75,
JCA-39. Hubbard, "Religious Philosophy
and Religious Practice", Bulletin of 18 April 1967, reprinted
in The Technical Volumes of Dianetics and Scientology,volume
6, p.195, 1979 edition.
JCA-40. Hubbard, "Six Basic Processes",
Bulletin of 4 May 1972, reprinted in The Technical Volumes
of Dianetics and Scientology, volume 8, pp.107-111, 1979 edition.
JCA-41. Hubbard, All About Radiation,
Bridge, LA, 1989 edition.
JCA-42. Church of Scientology International.
What is Scientology?, p.688, second edition, 1992.
JCA-43. Hubbard, The Background and Ceremonies
of the Church of Scientology of California, World Wide, Church
of Scientology of California, East Grinstead, 1973, pp.26-55.
JCA-44. Affirmation of E.G.Parrinder, 25
JCA-45. Frank K. Flinn testimony in Church
of Scientology of California, 1984, vol.23, pp.4032-4160.
JCA-46. "The Corporations of Scientology",
JCA-47. Trademark License Agreement - SMI/Mission,
licence to use Religious Technology Center trademarks and service
JCA-48. Scientology Policy Directive 19,
"The Integrity of Source", 7 July 1982.
JCA-49. Japan Eval, Vinay Agarwala, 29 January
1981, Sea Org Aides Order 549-1.
JCA-50. Regina v Registrar General, ex parte
Segerdal, Queens Bench, London, November 1969 and Court of Appeal,
JCA-51. Church of Scientology International,
"Field Staff Member Kit ", 1993.
JCA-52. Hubbard, "Registrar Drills",
Policy Letter of 27 May 1980, revised 2 October 1981.
JCA-53. HCOB FSM Breakthrough - New FSM TRs
- Controlling a Conversation, 27 January 1984, Field Staff Member
Specialist, Bridge, LA, 1991.
JCA-54. Hubbard, "Second Lecture on
Clearing Methodology", 13 May 1959.
JCA-55. Hubbard, Volunteer Minister's
Handbook, pp.61-66, 1977 printing.
JCA-56. Hubbard, "The Tone Scale",
Scientology 0-8, p.101, 1971 printing.
JCA-57. Hubbard, "Lower Awareness Levels",
Scientology 0-8, p.133, 1971 printing.
JCA-58. Hubbard, Dianetics and Scientology
Technical Dictionary, p.471, 1975 edition.
JCA-59. Hubbard, Dianetics and Scientology
Technical Dictionary, p.335, 1975 edition.
JCA-60. Hubbard, Dianetics and Scientology
Technical Dictionary, p.104, 1975 edition.
JCA-61. Hubbard, "Books are Dissemination",
Bulletin of 28 April 1960, reprinted in The Technical Bulletins
of Dianetics and Scientology, volume 4, pp.78-81, 1979 printing.
JCA-62. The Standard Oxford Capacity Analysis.
JCA-63. The Hat of the Personality Test Evaluator.
JCA-64, Hubbard, "The Hard Sell Reference
Pack", pp.i-vi, 1987.
JCA-65. Lee Lawrence, "To the Scientologist
Loan Applicant", undated.
JCA-66. Hubbard, "The No-Interference
Area Clarified and Re-enforced", undated.
JCA-67. Sea Organisation Executive Directive
2104 International, "The Flow Up the Bridge...", 7 November
JCA-68. Hubbard, "Registrar Salesmanship
Course Checksheet", Policy Letter of 2 December 1972, revised
20 May 1980.
JCA-69. Hubbard, promotional leaflet, 1992,
from Flag Mission Order 375, 1970.
JCA-70. Hubbard, "OT and Beyond",
" The Auditor" issue 19, 1966.
JCA-71. Hubbard, "The Organization of
a PE Foundation", Bulletin of 29 September 1959, reprinted
in The Technical Bulletins of Dianetics and Scientology,
volume 3, pp.527-528, 1979 printing.
JCA-72. Hubbard, "Keeping Scientology
Working", Policy Letter of 7 February 1965, reissued in 1980,
The Organization Executive Course, volume 0, pp.7-13, 1991
JCA-73. Hubbard, "Critics of Scientology",
Bulletin of 5 November 1967, reprinted in The Organization
Executive Course, volume 1, pp.782-784, 1991 edition.
JCA-74. Hubbard, "Philadelphia Doctorate
Course", lecture 20, 1982 printing.
JCA-75. Court transcript in Church of Scientology
of California v Armstrong, volume 13, p.2056-2057.
JCA-76. Hubbard, Introducing Dianetics, 1950,
reprinted in The Research and Discovery Series, vol.3, p.15, Bridge,
LA, 1st edition, 1982.
JCA-77. Hubbard, Science of Survival, Hubbard
College of Scientology, East Grinstead, 1968, pp.227-228.
JCA-78. Hubbard Dianetics Auditor Course,
Bridge, LA, 1988, p.54.
JCA-79. Hubbard, Educational Dianetics, 1950,
reprinted in Research and Discovery Series, volume 3, p.241, Bridge,
LA, 1st edition, 1982.
JCA-80. HCOB Training Drills Remodernized,
5 July 1978.
JCA-81. HCOB Op Pro by Dup, 4 February 1959.
JCA-82. Promotional leaflet, "It's up
to you", 1988.
JCA-83. Promotional leaflet, "What is
the Sea Organization and what does it do?", dated "2/12/1979".
JCA-84. Hubbard, "Towards a Worthwhile
JCA-85. Hubbard, "Functions of the Sea
Org", 26 April 1968.
JCA-86. "New Sea Org Uniforms Enhance
Ethics Presence", "High Winds", issue 7, 1987.
JCA-87. W.B.Robertson, "Service Insignia",
Flag Order 2327R, 16 January 1974.
JCA-88. Church of Scientology International,
Sea Organization "Contract of Employment", 1987.
JCA-89. Church of Scientology International,
What is Scientology?, 1992 edition, p.360.
JCA-90. Hubbard, "The Code of a Sea
Org Member", 1978.
JCA-91. Hubbard, "Awards and Penalties",
Policy Letter of 26 September 1967.
JCA-92. Hubbard, "Penalties for Lower
Conditions", Policy Letter of 18 October 1967, issue iv,
published in Scientology Basic Staff Hat Book, number 1,
p.26, Church of Scientology of California, East Grinstead, 1968.
JCA-93. Hubbard, "Penalties for Lower
Conditions", Policy Letter of 21 July 1968.
JCA-94. Hubbard, "Titles of Address",
Flag Order 87, 2 September 1967.
JCA-95. Hubbard, "The Auditor",
JCA-96. Hubbard, Modern Management Technology
Defined, Church of Scientology of California, 1976, defninitions
of "Rehabilitation Project Force" and "rehabilitation
JCA-97. as exhibit 96, definition of "Mud
JCA-98. City of Clearwater Commission Hearings,
Re: Church of Scientology, 7 May 1982, testimony of David Ray,
JCA-99. Team Share System, Sea Org Executive
Directive 3490 Int, 24 July 1986.
JCA-100. Clearwater Hearings, 7 May 1982,
testimony of Casey Kelly, vol.3, pp.51-53.
JCA-101. RPF Policy Checksheet, Flag Order
3434R-25RA, 25 July 1974.
JCA-102. RPF Graduation Requirements Checklist,
Flag Order 3434RC-56, 17 March 1980.
JCA-103. Confessional Procedure, HCOB 30
November 1978, Technical Bulletins of Dianetics and Scientology,
vol XII, Church of Scientology of California, Los Angeles, 1980
JCA-104. HCOB Introspection Rundown - additional
actions, 20 February 1974, Technical Bulletins of Dianetics and
Scientology, vol. VIII, pp.260-261, Church of Scientology of California,
Los Angeles, 1976.
JCA-105. Sea Org HCO Ethics Order, AOSHUK
2543, Confidential Board of Investigation - Findings and Recommendations
- Isolation Watch Heidi Degro, September 1993.
JCA-106. The Independent, England, 31 January
1994, The Prisoners of Saint Hill.
JCA-107. Hubbard, "Dianetics and Scientology
compared to 19th Century practices", Bulletin of 29 November
JCA-108. Hubbard, "Criminals and Psychiatry",
Bulletin of 29 July 1980.
JCA-109. Hubbard, "Scientology is a
religion", Policy Letter of 6 March 1969, reprinted in The
Organization Executive Course, volume 5, pp.289-290, 1974
JCA-110. Hubbard, "Routine 3 - Heaven",
Bulletin of 11 May 1963.
JCA-111. Hubbard, "Confidential Resistive
Cases - Former Therapy", Class VIII Bulletin of 23 September
JCA-112. Hubbard, "Ethics Chits",
Policy Letter of 1 July 1965, reprinted in The Organization
Executive Course, vol.1, pp.703-704, 1991 edition.
JCA-113. Hubbard, "Jokers and Degraders",
Bulletin and Policy Letter of 5 February 1977, reprinted in The
Organization Executive Course, volume 1, pp.822-823, 1991
JCA-114. Hubbard, "A New Type of Crime",
Policy Letter of 17 January 1979, reprinted in The Organization
Executive Course, volume 1, pp.908-909, 1991 edition.
JCA-115. Hubbard, "Suppressive Acts,
Suppression of Scientology and Scientologists", Policy Letter
of 23 December 1965, re-revised 8 January 1991. reprinted in The
Organization Executive Course, volume 1, pp.873-889, 1991
JCA-116. Hubbard, "The Future of Scientology",
"Ron's Journal 34", 13 March 1982.
JCA-117. Hubbard, "Critics of Scientology",
5 November 1967, reissued as a Bulletin 27 August 1987, reprinted
in "Impact" magazine, issue 15, pp.36-37.
8. JC8. A-11Heber Jentzsch letter of 7 April
JCA-119. Hubbard, Electropsychometric
Auditing - Operator's Manual, 1952.
JCA-120. HCOB Interrogation (How to read
an E-meter on a silent subject), 30 March 1960, Technical Bulletins
of Dianetics and Scientology, vol.IV, pp.59-60, CSC, LA, 1976.
JCA-121. Board Technical Bulletin Miscellaneous
Reports, 7 November 1972R, Auditor Admin Series 20R, Technical
Bulletins of Dianetics and Scientology, vol.IX, p.53, CSC, LA,
JCA-122. HCOPL The Only Valid Security Check,
22 May 1961, Technical Bulletins of Dianetics and Scientology,
vol.IV, pp.275-281, CSC, LA, 1976.
JCA-123. Board Technical Bulletin Integrity
Processing Series 1 Definitions, 4 December 1972R, Technical Bulletins
of Dianetics and Scientology, vol.IX, pp.261-263, CSC, LA, 1976.
JCA-124. Board Technical Bulletin Integrity
Processing Series 16RA, Integrity Processing Info, 6 June 1968RA,
Technical Bulletins of Dianetics and Scientology, vol.IX, pp.287-288.
JCA-125. Hubbard, HCO Manual of Justice,
HCO, London, 1959.
JCA-126. HCOB Integrity Processing Series
10R, Integrity Processing Questions Must Be F/Ned, 13 December
1972R, Technical Bulletins of Dianetics and Scientology, vol.IX,
JCA-127. Mary Sue Hubbard, Guardian Order
121669, Programme: Intelligence: Internal Security, 16 December
JCA-128. Laurel Sullivan testimony, Church
of Scientology of California v Armstrong, Los Angeles, case no.
C 420 153, vol.19A, pp.3001-3004, 24 May 1984.
JCA-129. Nancy Dincalci testimony, CSC v
Armstrong, 29 May 1984, vol.20, pp.3531-3533, 3553, 3568, 3569.
JCA-130. Kima Douglas testimony, CSC v Armstrong,
5 June 1984, vol.25, pp.4437-4439, 4460.
JCA-131. testimony of Edward Walters, CSC
v Armstrong, 29 May 1984, vol.20, p. 3585. (see also testimony
of Ernest and Adelle Hartwell in the Clearwater Hearings, May
JCA-132. HCOB Word Clearing, 24 June 1971,
Technical Bulletins of Dianetics and Scientology, vol.IX, p.392,
CSC, LA, 1976.
JCA-133. HCOB Confused Ideas, 31 August
1971, Technical Bulletins of Dianetics and Scientology, vol.VII,
p.373, CSC, LA, 1976.
JCA-134. HCOPL Sanity, 19 May 1970, The
Management Series, vol.1, Bridge, LA, 1982.
JCA-135. Board Technical Bulletin High Crime
Checkouts and Technical OKs, 8 March 1975, Technical Bulletins
of Dianetics and Scientology, vol.IX, pp.99-101, CSC, LA, 1976.
JCA-136. HCOPL Policies on Physical Healing,
Insanity and Sources of Trouble, 27 October 1964R, Organization
Executive Course, vol.1, 2nd edition, 1991.
JCA-137. HCOPL Students Guide to Acceptable
Behaviour, 15 December 1965.
JCA-138. HCOB Expanded Green Form 40RD,
30 June 1971RD, Technical Bulletins of Dianetics and Scientology,
vol.XII, pp.60-69, CSC, LA, 1980.
JCA-139. Boards of Directors of the Churches
of Scientology, "Ethics, Cancellation of Fair Game, more
about", Policy Letter of 22 July 1980.
JCA-140. Hubbard, "Ethics, Suppressive
Acts, Suppression of Scientology and Scientologists, the Fair
Game Law", Policy Letter of 1 March 1965, reprinted in the
Scientology Basic Staff Hat Book, number 1, pp.40-44, 1968
JCA-141. Hubbard, "Penalties for Lower
Conditions", Policy Letter of 18 October 1967, reprinted
in the Scientology Basic Staff Hat Book, number 1, p.26,
Church of Scientology of California, East Grinstead, 1968.
JCA-142. Hubbard, "Cancellation of
Fair Game", Policy Letter of 21 October 1968.
JCA-143. Leif Windle, Morris Budlong &
Jane Kember, "Confidential Intelligence Course", Guardian
Order of 9 September 1974.
JCA-144. Sentencing memorandum of the United
States of America, in USA v. Kember and Budlong, US District Court
for the District of Columbia, criminal no. 78 401 (2) & (3).
JCA-145. Church of Scientology International,
"Cancellation of Issues on Suppressive Acts and PTSes",
Policy Letter of 8 September 1983.
JCA-146. Mr. Justice Latey in "B &
G wards", Royal Courts of Justice, 23 July 1984.
JCA-147. Wollersheim v. Church of Scientology
of California, Court of Appeal of the State of California, civ.no.B023193,
18 July 1989 (upheld by the U,S. Supreme Court, 7 March 1994).
JCA-148. Hubbard, "Dept of Government
Affairs", Policy Letter of 15 August 1960,
JCA-149. The Auditor, issue 31.
JCA-150, Hubbard, Overcoming Ups and
Downs in Life, "The Antisocial Personality", 1988
JCA-151. Sue Porter, "Suppressive Persons
and Suppressive Groups List", Sea Organization Flag Executive
Directive, 25 July 1992.
JCA-152. Miscavige, reported in International
Scientology News, issue 31.
JCA-153. Hubbard, "Ron's Journal, 1967",
transcript of lecture, recorded 20 September 1967 (issued as a
cassette tape recording in 1983).
JCA-154. Sentencing Memorandum in USA v
MSH et al, US District Court for the District of Columbia, criminal
case no. 78-401, pp.1-4 & 14.
JCA-155. ibid, p.69 (see also Stipulation
of Evidence in this case, where the following co-conspirators
or participants are named: Joseph Alesi (pp.98, 175); Don Alverzo
(22, 89, 101f); Peeter Alvet (183, 244); Brian Andrus (231, 233,
241, 243, 251, 265); Michael Baum (146); Jim Douglas (249f); Nancy
Douglas ("Pitts") (46, 70); Jim Fiducia (239); Janet
Finn (183); Martin Greenberg (107, 133); Richard Kimmel (98);
Paul Klopper (peripheral involvement) (157, 265); Gary Lawrence
(247); Joe Lisa (35, 200); John Luke (247); Lynn McNeill (45);
Arthur "Artie" Maren (51, 170); John Matoon (248); Carla
Moxon (22); Rick Moxon (presumably Kendrick Moxon, attorney) (197,
213f); Jimmy Mulligan (108, 180); george Pilat (247); Lexie Ramirez
(143); Bruce Raymond (aka Randy Windment) (131f, 212, 251); Chuck
Reese (244, 250); Tom Reitze (Snow White I/C) (142); Mary Rezzonico
(107, 170); Michael Taylor (62); Peggy Tyson (71); Bruce Ullman
(22, 176); Hugh Wilhere (150); Lt warren Young (San Diego police)
JCA-156 HCOPL The Ethics of Scientology
Its Use and Purpose Being a Scientologist, 27 March 1965.
JCA-157. HCOPL Handling the Public Individual,
16 April 1965, issue III, Organization Execuitve Course, vol.1,
2nd edition, Bridge, LA, 1991.
JCA-158. What is Scientology?, 2nd edition,
p.245, Bridge, LA, 1992.
JCA-159. Declaration of Hon. James M. Ideman,
United States District Court, Central District of California,
in Religious Technology Center v Scott et al (no. CV 85-711 JMI
[Bx]) and Religious Technology Center v Wollersheim et al (no.
CV 85-7197 JMI [Bx]), filed 21 June 1993.
JCA-160. James B.Stewart, jr, Scientology's
War Against Judges, American Lawyer, December 1980.
JCA-161. The Pledge to Mankind.
JCA-162. Impact, issue 3, 1985, pp.19 &
JCA-163. Conway and Siegelman, Information
Disease - Have Cults Created a New Mental Illness?, Science Digest,