Hubbard, The Manual of Justice, 1952
HCO ASSISTS ME EVERYWHERE in wearing any of my own hats. One of those
hats (whether we like it or not it is forced on us) is Justice.
People come to me with ethical problems with their auditors, their
husband, their wives, their bosses. I always try to listen - always try
People get in trouble with the law - without aiding crime, I try to
help these people to get processed or got to jail.
People attack Scientology; I never forget it, always even the
People attack auditors, or staff, or organisations, or me. I never
forget until the slate is clear.
All these things add up to a Justice Hat. Whether I would or no, I
HCO Secretaries therefore are often faced with "Justice Problems".
They should recognise them as such and handle them as far as they can.
"Bring Order" also means Bring Justice. There's precious little
real justice in the world today. So we ourselves should make a start.
But always I try to adjudicate on the basis of the Optimum
Solution, "The Greatest Good for the Greatest Number of Dynamics."
But to do these things one should have some understanding of
Most executive failures are (1) failure to help staff and (2)
failure to understand and use the principles of justice. We should not
fail in these matters.
The whole subject of justice subdivides for a Scientologist into four
phases. These are
1. Intelligence Activities
2. Investigation of Evidence
3. Judgment or Punishment
Intelligence is mostly the collection of data on people which may add
up to a summary of right or wrong actions on their part.
It is basically a listening and filing action. It is done all the
time about everything and everybody. Then one day some random data
make a summation that can be used. "It all adds up. " But if one never
collected data, there would be nothing to add up. Hence, intelligence
consists of noting data about the activities of people from all kinds
of sources. Joe is now working for the Daily Worker. The State
Department won't grant Pete a passport. Isabel left Texas owing money.
It's all grist to the mill of intelligence. Carefully remembered or
filed and cross-indexed, such data tells its own story some day. lf we
had a folder for Joe, we'd scribble on a slip of paper, "Works now
(1959) for Daily Worker - a Communist paper" A few weeks later, another
scrap of paper is dropped in: "Taking B.Scn. Course Feb. 59". A few
months later: "Joe moved in to live with Pete". We look up Pete.
Obviously, Pete is a Commie as he can't get a U. S. passport. September
1959 we learn that Joe is asking for a job in the Seattle Office. We
promptly tell Seattle, "Rat-poison. Forget Joe. "
If we kept files like that we'd keep them like that. Some day we
may have to. Today we do it by memory. So we listen. We add up
associations of people with people. When a push against Scientology
starts somewhere, we go over the people involved and weed them out.
Using intelligence to tell our friends from our enemies and acting
fast is why we have stable organisations now where we had shambles
before. It isn't better organization so much as more peace bought by
more alert intelligence. We know our enemies before they hit. We keep
them out of important positions. When we accidentally put one into a
key post and he starts to flub, we shoot quick and get judicial
afterwards. Aad we then add up who his friends and associates were.
Intelligence alertness, even when we have no files, pays off in peace,
growth, and progress.
APA and OCA graphs tell their stories on people. Only the ones
whose graphs don't change under processing have been found to be real
menaces to Dianetics and Scientology. They have overt acts and bad
intentions against us and they can't talk to the auditor about them,
they feel. So they're hanged. Every one of twenty known cases who were
evidently paid money to smash Dianetics or Scientology organizations,
including Hart, Purcell, and van Vogt, had hung graphs. No change
occurred in any of these cases for five or more years of known
activity, despite all processing! So an unchanging profile over years
of processing almost adds up to "dangerous person - has bad intentions
toward Dianetics and Scientology".
Conversely, people who benefit from processing or auditors who get
consistently good results on preclears never get snarled up enough to
attack us. Therefore intelligence has its bright side. By facts heard
plus profiles seen, we know our friends.
Intelligence is therefore that activity which collects data and
keeps it adding up so that we know our foes from our friends and so
that we can act to separate out the sources of trouble in any given
Organizations with bad consciences usually look on HCO personnel as
intelligence people. So HCO personnel might as well realize it, too.
One small HCO hat is Intelligence - know our friends and our enemies
and what they are doing.
When things go wrong and we don't know why already by intelligence,
we resort to investigation.
When we need somebody haunted we investigate.
Investigation is the careful discovery and sorting of facts.
Without good investigation we don't have justice, we have random
When we investigate we do so noisily always. And usually mere
investigation damps out the trouble even when we discover no really
pertinent facts. Remember that - by investigation alone we can curb
pushes and crush wildcat people and unethical "Dianetics and
It's almost funny. We sometimes learn nothing useful and yet because
people heard we were investigating their consciences sent them into
headlong flight or sudden collapse. There's power in the question
Here is an example. There's bad morale in a central organization.
We don't know why. We try everything we can to up units and ease
difficulties and yet there's bad moralle .So we investigate noisily.
Remember, intelligence we get with a whisper. Investigation we do with
a yell. Always. Modern cops don't really know this. They investigate
with whispers. Doesn't pay. Why sneak up when pouncing is the only
thing that serves us? After all, if it hasn't been whispered to us
already and we have to investigate why keep whlspering?
In the low morale matter, we think over the most likely suspects
and summon them to see us. We ask them why they're talking the way they
are. What's wrong anyway? We call them in one at a time. We use the E-
meter. "What have you been doing to us?" And you sort it out.
Investigation to us in Scientology is a fine art. It's like auditing.
It they won't take a meter test, you know they're guilty. If they do,
you can watch that needle dip a "Yes" every time you're right even when
the suspect won't say anything verbally. You generally find that Joe is
hoping to start a clinic in the town and thinks of the organization as
a rival - if the central organization got knocked out, this knucklehead
thinks, he'd be all set. So he's been diacouraging staff and starting
rumours in the town.
Did you ever realize that any local viciousness against Scientology
organizations is started by somebody for a purpose? Well, it is. Look
at what we do. Look how dedicated staff is. How hard they work. And yet
somebody feels we're evil? No, rumours aren't "natural". When you run
them down you find a Commie or a millionaire who wants us dead and his
own clinic up or a group member who is also a member of the R.C.
You don't rest when bad rumours are about. You investigate, you run
them down. You find amongst ail our decent peopie some low worm who has
been promised high position and pay if we fail. Don't discount this. In
one instance $500, 000 was paid in cash to a man to wreck Dianetics. He
aimost made it. Wichita Kansas, Spring 1952. (But by intelligence and
investigation we cost him his shirt and his spare vest as well. )
In cross questioning people, it is as valuable to know what they've
been told as what they've said. "What bad things have you heard about
the HASI?" and 'What have you said?" are the usual questions. When you
get on a line of data follow it right through.
Get the names. Write them down as you get them. Sort them out with
what you aiready know about them.
Also, when in daily actions, remember this: never let anybody EVER
say to you "Everybody says" or "Everybody thinks'' or "The field thinks
'. Demand it once who, when, where, and what. "Everybody" turns out to
be some nut most people would laugh at and "the field" becomes one sour
grape that flunked his HPA two years ago.
In the first place, the mail even as a whole does not reflect field
opinion ever. It's only the opinion of people who write in - and that's
only a small part of the field.
Never permit a source of entheta to be generalized. If it's
entheta, you want who, what, where, when, and you write it down and
The whole field less one man could be wildly for you but staff can
believe this silly fool is PUBLlC OPINION.
Public opinion isn't newspapers or magazines or letters. It is
attendance, balance sheets, book sales.
Therefore investigation must always be aimed at the specific
person, the time and the place. Else you'll sink in a morass of
generality and get nowhere.
When you have found your culprit, go to the next step, Judgement
INVESTIGATION BY OUTSIDE SOURCES
Overt investigation of someone or something attacking us by an outside
detective agency should be done more often and hang the expense. It's
_very_ effective. Often investigation by a private detective has alone
closed up an entheta source or a squirrel organisation. In fact at this
writing I can't remember a time when it hasn't!
The reason for this is simple. Of twenty-one persons found
attacking Dianetics and Scientology with rumours and entheta, eighteen
of them under investigation were found to be members of the Communist
Party or criminals, usually both. The smell of police or private
detectives caused them to fly, to close down, to confess.
Hire them and damn the cost when you need to.
PROCEDURE ON ENTHETA PRESS
In the case of a bad magazine article which is signed, use the
1: Tell them by letter to retract at once in the next issue.
2: Hire a private detective of a national-type firm to investigate
the _writer_, not the magazine, and get any criminal or Communist back-
ground the man has. (Because all subversive activities foolishly use
criminals they "have something on" and men who have been paid to attack
attack us, you'll have data incoming from the detective agency if they
do their work well.
3: Have your lawyers or solicitors write the magazine threatening
suit. (Hardly ever permit a real suit -they're more of a nuisance to
you than they're worth.)
4: Use the data you got from the detective at long last to write
the author of the article a very tantalizing letter. Don't give him
your data on him. Just tell him we know something very interesting
about him and wouldn't he like to come in and talk about it. (If he
comes, ask him to sign a confession of collusion and slander - people
at that level often will, just to commit suicide - and publish it in a
paid ad in the paper if you get it.) Chances are he won't arrive. But
he'll sure shudder into silence.
5: Give any new data you have from the detective to your attorneys
for their use against the magazine.
6: Don't let the whole matter disrupt you, take much time, or upset
the central organization.
INVESTIGATING A SQUIRREL
A person or an organisation using Dianetics or Scientology wrongly or
without rights, or a wildcat magazine, is best shut down o rhsut up by
hiring a private detective. Tell the detective "We don't care if they
know you're investigating them for us. In fact, the louder the better."
Detectives cost dozens of dollars or pounds. They save thousands.
When you get their data, give it to your attorneys for any action they
want. Or post it.
WHEN TO SUE
Never if you can help it. It consumes time, means little but trouble
for you. Suits are basically best as threats.
WHEN BEING INVESTIGATED
lf you are being investigated or if the Central Organization is - sit
tight, don't co-operate.
Be legal according to the laws of the land in the first place.
After that kick investigators or reporters downstairs.
Press interviews usually end up as entheta or they are cover-ups
for an investigation Never co-operate. Be indifferent. Don't let the
central organization co-operate wlth "press" ever That's a lesson hard
to learn. Press people are so persuasive They are going to "help" so
much. Look at a newspaper. ls it helping anybody? Press and other
queries are counter-investigation.
Never spook if investigated. And don't co-operate. Sit tight. Be
siIent. Make the investigator talk. Gradually put him into session if
you can. Put him in birth or get him three feet back of his head. But
don't co-operate or volunteer data. lt's not that you've anything to
hide. It's just that investigators can't duplicate. They pervert things
Your whole answer to anyone is "This is an institution that has a
definite high standing throughout the world, Why don't you see our
attorneys?" This kills press and cops alike.
l've seen an outside investigation of a guiltless organization put
the whole place in a flap and cost it two days' work or more. I've seen
an org anization fall apart by suspending operation for ten days while
it permitted itself to he investigated. So don't co-operate. If you
don't scare or cringe, the menace fades away.
People feel when they're investigated they must have done something
wrong even when they haven't. If it's wrong to honestly help people
then we're wrong-not otherwise So never spook.
JUDGMENT AND PUNISHMENT
None of us like to judge or to punish. Yes we may be the only people on
Earth with a right to punish-since we can undo the damage we do in most
cases. Therefore never punish beyond our easy ability to remedy by
auditing and restoration.
Judging must be done on the basis of clear-cut evidence and the
person to be guilty must be guilty beyond reasonable doubt. Only then,
Guilt is established by a person's actions and statements, by
witnesses and written evidence and by an expertly run E-meter. A person
can be guilty without realizing he did wrong. What criminal ever does
realize how wrong his actions are?
POINTS TO ESTABLISH
1. What is the crime? This must be established first. It must be
something that can be phrased in- a sentence or two. It must be
unacceptable to the general good of all. lt must contain actual injury
to someone or something. And the criminal is usually rewarded in some
fashion by someone or even by perverted satisfaction.
2. Who is guilty of the crime? Is it the person himself or an
associate he aided? An associate or even a silent non-part!cipant who
knew but didn't warn the victim can be judged guilty of the crime.
3. Who are the accusers? In this case it is usually us. But you'll
get ethics cases where it is another. What do they accuse the person
4. Who are the witnesses? Crimes don't always have witnesses but
when they do, it helps to question them. Witnesses are no whole answer
to anything. They lie, they don't observe well, they have prejudices.
But some weight can be given to their testimony. They can almost be
safely omitted if you're in a hurry and have an E-meter.
5. What happened? This is so important that most trials spend much
of their time on it. It is ridiculous sometimes how prejudice and
vengeance and plain lack of the ability to confront confuse the story.
"Getting the facts" is a police idea of investigation. They seem more
interested in the script than in what crime and who did it. To speed
evidence, be a good auditor-question closely and rapidly. What did he
or they do or say and where?
6. Weigh the evidence and decide if the crirne was actually
committed and by whom.
7. Establish the importance of the crime in terrns of damage done or
Our punishment is not as unlimited as you might think. Dianetics and
Scientology are self protecting sciences. If one attacks them one
attacks all the know-how of the mind. In caves the bank. It's gruesome
to see sometimes.
At this instance there are men hiding in terror on Earth because
they found out what they were attacking. There are men dead because
they attacked us - for instance Dr Joe Winter. He simply realised what
he did and died. There are men bankrupt because they attacked us -
Purcell, Ridgeway, Ceppos.
So punishment almost takes care of itself, However, there is an
immediacy necessary at times in some matters which makes punishment
Where a certified auditor attacks the central organization or
flagrantly breaks the code, punishment is simple: suspend his
certificates. Any HCO Secretary has authority to do so.
Where an employee acts in a corrupt or bad fashion, fire him or
suspend him or her.
When a squirrel organization sets up, suspend the certificate of
everyone who joined it. Cancel the certificate of the person who
started it. Use civil authorities when absolutely necessary, as in
embezzlement or mayhem, but try to operate without calling in local
law. We always do better ourselves or with private detectives. Local
law today means reporters and cases tried in the press. Keep our name
And always punish quietly but publicly. Post it on the Public Board
for a day. Never put it in a magazine or write the field letters about
Remember this: we are a theta line. Leave the entheta to others.
Act on entheta but don't add to it. Remember, orderly justice as
described in this booklet also brings order. Be as happy if they're
innocent as if they're guilty. But don't neglect rumours, squirrel
organizations and publications or Commie or criminal personnel. Be
just. Don't ordinarily put a head on a pike unless it's the right head.
But remember that there are times when it's vitally necessary to put
some head, any head, on a pike to quell rising disorder. Just remember
that justice is an action to deter disorder aud secure the public
safety. But if you do put the wrong head on a pike, he sure to put it
back on the body again as soon as the need for its being on a pike is
over. Justice is not always the matter of an individual. It is a short-
term method of bringng order and it is needed for all dynamics.
Rome destroyed herself by failing to follow (or know) the necessity of
rehabilitation. Russia is caving in for the same lack. Every modern
nation at this time of writing makes more criminals than it captures -
hence Hitler's criminal rise to power.
When you punish a man you punish also his family and friends. Even
it you slayed the man you woulld then still have his friends and family
as your enemies. If you slay everyone he knew- why, they have friends
and families, too-and at last you've got a whole populace against you.
You punish a man. He goes away to join the ranks of the squirrels.
You swell the opposition. Don't do it.
Shoot the offender for the public good and then patch him up
That isn't even mercy. It's good sense.
THE BASIS OF ALL CRIME
You have to know this about offenders against Scientology, its
organizations and people. ARC Breaks can be caused by an overt act
against us. If a person does something bad to us (even when we did
nothing to him) he now has an ARC break with us, Without our knowing it
he is a little bit of an enemy of ours.
So he now, having an ARC Break, again offends against us. He is
more our enemy. And so he goes until at last he can't rest until he
kills us dead.
That is the route of crime and criminals. They rob, they hurt. The
more they do, the more reason then think they should have to do so.
They dream up motivators madly, seeking to justify their acts. This in
the field we see as entheta. We do precious little to hurt people.
Therefore when they do something against us they have to lie and scream
to justify it.
Factually when they start this they're on their way out. Offenders
against us get ill because they can never truly justify it.
It is mercy to put the padlock on such a person's activities.
Every word he says or writes against us, every plot he enters into,
alike push him further and further down.
How bad can it get? We have evidence in a book Dr Winter wrote. He
knew it consisted of stolen ideas and entheta lies. Every copy it sold
killed him a little more. And one day he died. He couldn't even be
audited since he had tried to damn the thing that had almout saved him,
his marriage, his children.
So it is mercy, not revenge, to prompts our justice. (1) We must
not neglect it and (2) we must not fail to rehabilitate.
Put the culprit on the E-meter. Ask him as a repetitive command
"What have you done to us? " Cover the HASI, the staff people, HCO,
myself, anything you can think of, rephrasing the question each time
the last version is flat.
Only when all this is off will what we have done to the culprit
free. If the case is a true criminal case - totally hardened down to
no-guilt for anything - you would have to run "Recall a time you have
done something" for a long long time before you could release the
specific overts against Dianetics and Scientology.
When he's turned loose again he will not try to wreck you. He will
have regained his ethic level-providing you balanced the case out with
motivators "What has been done to you? "
It is a relief to a bad case to be punished. Sometimes they choose
us for their executioners - worse luck. More often than not you as my
representative get selected as the person to wield the axe and a
criminal-type will try and try to get you to use an axe on him. It
would feel so good to be punished after lives of crime. Axe him-but
rehabilitate him too.
WHOM TO SUSPECT
Suspect people who have the following:
1. Criminal connections or background.
2. Communist membership or leanings (they attack all source ).
3. Low OCA/APA graphs.
4. Auditors who get bad results on preclears.
5. People low on the tone scale particularly physiologically
(physiology not always reliable).
6. People who don t pay their bills and who want it all free.
7. People who tell you you could reach so many people if only you'd
help them or their friends.
9. People who can t work.
10. People who break up machinery or Mest.
If you simply swept all these out of every central organization
you'd be a real winner. (Never consent to a post being filled with a
bad person because the post is empty. An empty post is better than one
badly filled always . )
WHOM TO TRUST
Trust the following:
1. Auditors whose good results you have actually seen on graphs
(never by repute the best auditor in town - this is press
agentry not results).
2. People who are able to work.
3. People who get a job done easily.
4. People whose Mest is in good shape.
5. People who are routinely in good health.
6. People whose cases run easily.
7. People with high OCA or APA graphs.
8. People in general.