Scientology: religion or intelligence agency?
This paper is not for publication or distribution in England or
Wales because certain of the points raised are aspects of current
litigation. This paper is copyright, 1995, to Jonathan Caven-Atack.
Copies may be made for private study without profit. All other
rights are reserved.
Scientology: Religion or Intelligence Agency ?
The view from the lion's den.
A paper by Jon Atack, delivered at the Dialog Centre International
conference in Berlin, October 1995.
I was a member of the Scientology cult for nine years. During
that time I undertook many courses and by the time I left was
in the middle of the 24th of the 27 available "levels"
of Scientology - the fifth section of the Operating Thetan course.
I left when I began to find out about the hidden agenda and activities
of Scientology which I describe in this paper. Along with most
scientologists, I had no idea of these disgraceful, immoral and
criminal activities. I believed that I was a member of a vital,
world-saving group which would lead to a world without "criminals,
insanity or war", as Scientology leader Ron Hubbard claimed.
(1) I resigned from the Church of Scientology
in 1983, and began to interview other former members and collect
court documents and testimony relating to Scientology. Seven years
later, my book A Piece of Blue Sky was published, after
a court battle in New York. Former Hubbard aide, Robert Vaughn
Young whose excellent article was published in a recent Spiegel
magazine has called my book the definitive work on Scientology.
I have spoken with literally hundreds of former members, and read
tens of thousands of pages of records and court documents, ranging
from Hubbard's college and navy records through to the revelations
of high-ranking defectors as recorded in sworn testimony. I have
endeavoured to make this information a matter for urgent public
My quest to understand and to help the many people damaged by
Scientology has led me to public humiliation and bankruptcy. I
have been the target of a massive campaign of harassment and vilification.
Because I would not give up my right to free speech and open public
debate, scientologists have set out to destroy me. I have been
a tiny David oppressed by a Goliath of dreadful proportions. Scientology
has tens of thousands of followers and hundreds of millions of
dollars. I have only my desire for the truth and my belief in
In England, Scientology has cynically used the establishment,
making it an unwitting collaborator in my devastation. It is no
exaggeration to say that justice and freedom are at stake in this
battle. In Britain, the media seem afraid to tell my story. Thankfully,
Germany has learned the terrible danger of totalitarian cults
and currently leads the world in exposing their evils. This year,
German courts have stripped Scientology of its religious status
and its tax exemption. They have ordered Scientology to reregister
as a business and to pay its staff a proper wage. Both politicians
and the press have been outspoken in their criticism of this malicious
sect. The French too have withdrawn tax exemption and religious
status. The Danes have withdrawn missionary status. A major prosecution
is about to occur in Spain, following another in Italy. In Canada,
Scientology has recently been forced to pay $3 million in the
largest libel award in the history of that country. But let me
start by relating some of my own experiences, before moving on
to the hidden policies which motivate Scientology's hysterical
attack upon democracy.
At the end of 1992, scientologists started to arrive uninvited
on my doorstep. They always came in pairs, a new pair each time.
The visits happened about once a week, but not on the same night.
The timing of the visits varied, with the latest being after 11
o'clock. The first couple accused me of "persecuting"
their religion. When I asked for details, one of them said that
I had told a newspaper that Scientology "brainwashed"
its members. I explained that the journalist had given his own
opinion. I tend to avoid the emotive term "brainwashing"
and speak instead of "coercive psychology". Having failed
in the particular, they moved on to the general. I was accused
of being a liar. Unable to give any example of a lie I had told,
one began chanting hysterically "you tell lies".
In Scientology, this phrase would be called a "button".(2)
After careful analysis, the member of Scientology's Investigation
bureau who drilled these scientologists, had decided that I would
be upset by this particular accusation. "Buttons" used
on subsequent visits included the accusation that I am a "failure"
and a practitioner of "deprograming". All of the meetings
started with my attempt at reasoned dialogue and finished with
screaming scientologists parroting drilled phrases.
Such behaviour is always alarming. Although the "buttons"
may not create the desired psychological collapse, the fanatical
intolerance and incapacity to enter dialogue evidenced in such
meetings is disturbing. But then, the creator of Scientology gave
as an aspect of "religious scripture" the dictum "Don't
ever defend. Always attack."
It is very important to understand that all of Hubbard's spoken
and written words are considered unalterable(3)
and scriptural.(4) Further, they must be complied
with absolutely, to do otherwise is given the highly derogatory
label "squirreling".(5) Another tenet of Hubbard's
"scripture" is that all opponents of Scientology are
criminals with undisclosed crimes. It should be a matter of some
amazement to scientologists given this prediction that I have
managed to criticise Scientology for twelve years without spending
any time in prison or being charged with any crime. In that time,
however, scientologists have been convicted in several countries.
The phobic attitude towards critics and the refusal of dialogue
characterize totalist groups or destructive cults. Scientologists
are taught that anyone who seeks to dissuade them from Scientology
is "suppressive".(6) If the criticism cannot be silenced,
then the scientologist should cease all communication with the
critic, or "disconnect"(7). Any criticism of Scientology
is held to stem from undisclosed "overts" or moral transgressions.
The critic is asked "what are your crimes?" This can
be upsetting to the mystified parent of a raging scientologist.
If a scientologist hears any criticism of Scientology or its creator,
that criticism must be relayed to Scientology's "Ethics"
department in a written "knowledge report". Further,
Scientologists are forbidden discussion of the techniques of Scientology
(called "verbal technology"(8)), the penalty for which
is being "declared" a "Suppressive Person",
and being ostracised by other scientologists, under the policy
of "disconnection". Scientologists are also enjoined
not to talk about any of their problems except to their appointed
Scientology "auditor". They pay up to $1,000 per hour
to discuss such problems.(9) While Hubbard insisted that Scientology's
main focus is enhancing communication, he actually spent a great
deal of time restricting it.
The most controversial doctrine of Scientology is undoubtedly
the Fair Game law. Hubbard was well aware that this expression
refers to the medaieval practice of labelling an individual "a
legitimate object of pursuit and attack", with the word "game"
meaning "quarry".(10) Hubbard actually used the expression
in its correct sense in a 1940s science-fiction story before his
first excursions into psychotherapy and religion.(11) Fair Game
highlights the essential contradiction which dwells at the very
heart of Scientology. Scientology is supposedly a system which
increases its adherents ability to communicate and thereby raises
their "affinity" for others. Scientology is meant to
make people more friendly.(12) But in the Fair Game doctrine,
Hubbard said that opponents "may be tricked, sued or lied
to or destroyed."(13) The Hubbard Policy Letter which introduced
Fair Game asserted that individuals considered Suppressive Persons
could be the subject of "1st degree murder, arson, disintegration
of persons or belongings".(14) Although this Policy Letter
was withdrawn from public view within days of its publication,
it continued to appear on Intelligence training courses,(15) and
in 1980 governing officials of Scientology admitted during court
proceedings that it had never been "abrogated".(16)
Further, the 1980 Policy Letter(17) which did abrogate it was
itself withdrawn in 1983.(18) Consequently, Fair Game remains
a binding "scripture" of Scientology.(19)
Hubbard's vindictive nature had found outlets long before he published
the Fair Game law. For example, in 1952, Don Purcell, who had
earlier rescued Hubbard from financial collapse, was accused of
having taken $500,000 from the American Medical Association to
destroy Dianetics. Hubbard churned out hate letters using a mailing
list stolen from Purcell.(20)
In a bizarre 1955 article, Hubbard wrote "The DEFENSE of
anything is UNTENABLE. The only way to defend anything is to ATTACK".
This article also ordered Scientology organizations to use the
law to "harass".(21)
By 1959, Hubbard had created an intelligence system for monitoring
friends and enemies alike, and instituted new procedures for harassing
perceived opponents. This came with the internal publication of
his secret Hubbard Communications Office Manual of Justice.(22)
The Hubbard Communications Office was an early attempt at creating
an intelligence agency.(23) Copyright lapsed in the booklet in
the 1980s,(24) so it can now be freely reprinted and quoted from.
In the Manual of Justice, Hubbard wrote "People attack
Scientology; I never forget it, always even the score." He
went on to describe one of the functions of his Communications
Office, "Intelligence is mostly the collection of data ...
It is basically a listening and filing action. It is done all
the time about everything and everybody."
On June 10, 1960, Hubbard issued a seemingly innocent Bulletin
saying that not all scientologists need be professional "auditors",
or counsellors. He encouraged his followers to bring Scientology
to the society through their jobs. He praised those who had already
exerted influence: "These people ... drove a wedge for themselves
into companies, societies, with Scientology and then took over
control of the area."(25) On 23 June, Hubbard extended his
design with the Special Zone Plan: "a nation or state runs
on the ability of its department heads, its governors, or any
other leaders. It is easy to get posts in such areas ... Don't
bother to get elected. Get a job on the secretarial staff or the
bodyguard ... don't seek the co-operation of groups. Don't ask
for permission".(26) Hubbard went on to give the example
of a police officer quietly intruding Scientology into his workplace.
In the 1970s, a San Diego police lieutenant was disciplined for
using police computers on behalf of Scientology.(27) In the 1990s,
the president of Finland dismissed his scientologist bodyguard.
Back in 1960, Hubbard proceeded to establish Special Zone Departments
in all Scientology organizations to co-ordinate the efforts of
Scientologists to infiltrate the society. Only two months later,
this Department was incorporated into the Department of Government
Affairs.F28 Hubbard wrote, "The object of the Department
is to broaden the impact of Scientology upon governments and other
organizations ... defensive tactics are frowned upon in the department
... Only attacks resolve threats ... If attacked on some vulnerable
point by anyone ... always find or manufacture enough threat against
them to cause them to sue for peace". Hubbard then repeated
one of the central tenets of his "religious scripture":
"Don't ever defend. Always attack".
Hubbard had rallied his followers to surreptitiously spread his
influence. Now they were to be part of an organization with a
dangerous agenda: "The goal of the Department is to bring
the government and hostile philosophies or societies into a state
of complete compliance with the goals of Scientology. This is
done by high level ability to control and in its absence by low
level ability to overwhelm. Introvert such agencies. Control such
The Department of Government Affairs was superseded by the Department
of Official Affairs on 13 March 1961.(29) The memoranda relating
to infiltration and control of governments remained in force,
as they do to this day. The new Department was charged with maintaining
files "relating to Scientology and anti-Scientology groups,
persons and activities". Hubbard blithely continued "we
have here in actuality the equivalent of a Ministry of Propaganda
and Security". Elsewhere, Hubbard candidly defined propaganda
as "putting out slanted information".(30) This Ministry
of Propaganda and Security was to bring hostile groups into line
by "finding and releasing the truth about the leader of that
group". The policy of infiltration was repeated "The
action of bringing about a pro-Scientology group consists of making
a friend of the most highly placed government person one can reach,
even placing Scientologists in domestic and clerical posts close
to him". Hubbard continued the theme of the June 1960 memoranda:
"Get volunteer Scientologists interested in this game and
helping." As professor of sociology Roy Wallis said in his
study of Scientology, members readily become "deployable
agents of the cult".(31)
In February 1966, Lord Balniel asked a question in the British
parliament concerning Scientology. Hubbard was outraged: "The
'news' that some lord is 'going to ask a question in the House...'
gives us this planning ... Get a detective on that lord's past
to unearth the tid-bits ... Stress sex and blood in psychiatry
and collect data and mount an all out attack in the press."(32)
A few days later, Hubbard added, "Don't ever tamely
submit to an investigation of us. Make it rough, rough on the
attackers all the way." Having investigated critics for "FELONIES
or worse using own professionals, not outside agencies",
scientologists should "Start feeding lurid, blood sex crime
actual evidence on the attackers to the press [punctuation sic]."
Hubbard added "I speak from 15 years experience in this.
There has never yet been an attacker who was not reeking
of crime. All we had to do was look for it and murder would come
Hubbard brought the Public Investigation Section into being on
17 February, 1966. Its stated purpose was "TO HELP LRH [Hubbard]
INVESTIGATE PUBLIC MATTERS WHICH SEEM TO IMPEDE HUMAN LIBERTY
SO THAT SUCH MATTERS MAY BE EXPOSED AND TO FURNISH INTELLIGENCE
REQUIRED IN GUIDING THE PROGRESS OF SCIENTOLOGY [emphasis in original]".(34)
The new department was to be "wholly composed of professional
investigators". Hubbard asserted "the section has all
the useful functions of an intelligence and propaganda agency."
Targets were easy to find, as Hubbard explained "what agency
or group is attacking Scientology? As Scientology stands for freedom,
those who don't want freedom tend to attack it. The Section investigates
the attacking group's individual members and sees that the results
of the investigation get adequate legal action and publicity."
Hubbard added, ominously, "Standard intelligence procedures
The first private detective Hubbard tried to hire was so horrified
by Hubbard's intentions that he immediately gave the story to
the newspapers(35). So two weeks after its inaugeration, the Public
Investigation Section was transformed into the infamous Guardian's
Office of the Church of Scientology.(36) Under Hubbard's direction,
the Guardian's Office came to control all of Scientology's legal,
public relations and intelligence activities.(37) It also controlled
all finances, with an Assistant Guardian posted to every organization.
Hubbard's wife was made the full-time Controller of the Guardian's
Office, a position which she held from 1966 to 1981, shortly before
she was imprisoned in the U.S.(38)
The Guardian's Office - or GO - inherited the intelligence files
of its predecessors. It also inherited several Hubbard techniques,
including "noisy investigation". This method of harassment
was mentioned in the 1959 Manual of Justice, "When
we need somebody haunted we investigate ... When we investigate
we do so noisily always. And usually mere investigation damps
out the trouble even when we discover no really pertinent facts
... intelligence we get with a whisper. Investigation we do with
a yell." This policy was reiterated in February 1966 as an
action which had been "positive in stopping attacks".(39)
Later that year, Hubbard approved a memorandum which explained
"How to do a NOISY investigation".(40) Having selected
the target for harassment "You find out where he or she works
or worked, doctor, dentist, friends, neighbours, anyone,
and 'phone 'em up and say 'I am investigating Mr/Mrs ........
for criminal activities as he/she has been trying to prevent Man's
freedom and is restricting my religious freedom ... You say now
and then, 'I have already got some astounding facts ...'
(Use a generality)".
Within weeks of my departure from Scientology, in 1983, two friends
reported conversations in which a scientologist had told them,
without any basis in reality, that I had received electric shock
The Guardian's Office was far better organized than any of the
earlier Scientology Ministries of Propaganda and Security. Under
Hubbard's direction, it ruled Scientology from 1966 until 1983.When
current Scientology leader David Miscavige took the GO over, he
claims that it controlled the directorships of every Church of
Scientology.(41) It also had 1,100 full-time staff and numerous
voluntary "Field Staff Members" by that time.
In the late 1960s, Hubbard's determination that a psychiatric
conspiracy was ruling the world grew. Using the Guardian's Office,
he set about taking over psychiatry. The abortive attempt by Deputy
Guardian David Gaiman to gain control of the British National
Association of Mental Health came during this period.(42) Hubbard
blamed the Bank of England,(43) the Communists and the Fascists
in turn for this supposed conspiracy. Among the secret objectives
of Scientology were to "contact and make friends with and
organize all minority groups until we have the biggest group on
the planet. By ... making friends with even the biggest enemies
of the West, we will avert Fascism now taking over in the West."(44)
Shortly before, he had outlined the "vital targets"
of Scientology: "T[arget] 1. Depopularising the enemy to
a point of total obliteration. T[arget] 2. Taking over the control
or allegiance of the heads or proprietors of all news media. T[arget]
3. Taking over the control or allegiance of key political figures.
T[arget] 4. Taking over the control or allegiance of those who
monitor international finance".(45) With reference to minority
groups, Scientology has allied itself with other totalist groups
("cults) including the Unification Church, or Moonies
and the Children of God (Family of Love). Scientology officials
deny the registration in Strassbourg in December 1992 of FIREPHIM.
This was allegedly a pact between the Moonies, COG, the Jehovah's
Witnesses, the Raelians and even the Bahá'í.
In 1973, Hubbard created the most far reaching of his intelligence
operations, Snow White. Under the Snow White directive, negative
material about Scientology was to be expunged from government
files and replaced with positive material. Robert Vaughn Young,
who directed the propaganda aspects of Snow White, has recently
told his story in Der Spiegel.(46) Operation Snow White was to
discover the source of the supposed global attack upon Hubbard
and his "humanitarian" teachings. To do so, a massive
intelligence agency was brought into being. Snow White was given
the "highest priority of all GO activity".(47)
The Guardian's Office had reached its peak by July 1977, when
the FBI launched the largest raid in its history on GO offices.
Eleven Scientology officials, including Hubbard's wife, Mary Sue,
were convicted and sent to prison as a consequence of this raid.
The sentencing memorandum in USA v. Mary Sue Hubbard et al makes
clear the scale of the offences committed by Hubbard's agents:
"The United States initiated the investigation which resulted
in the instant indictment in view of the brazen, systematic and
persistent burglaries of United States Government offices in Washington,
D.C., and Los Angeles, California, over an extended period of
at least some two years. Additionally, the United States was confronted
with the pervasive conduct of the defendants in this case in thwarting
a federal Grand Jury investigation by harboring a fugitive, in
effect forcefully kidnapping a witness who had decided to surrender
to the federal authorities, submitting false evidence to the Grand
Jury, destroying other evidence which might have been of valuable
aid to its investigation, preparing a cover-up story, and encouraging
and drilling a crucial witness to give false testimony under oath
to that Grand Jury ... a review of the documents seized in the
... searches ... show the incredible and sweeping nature of the
criminal conduct of the defendants and of the organization which
they led. These crimes include infiltration and theft of documents
from a number of prominent private national and world organizations,
law firms and newspapers; the execution of smear campaigns and
baseless law suits to destroy private individuals who had attempted
to exercise their First Amendment rights to freedom of expression;
the framing of private citizens who had been critical of Scientology,
including the forging of documents which led to the indictment
of at least one innocent person; violation of the civil rights
of prominent private figures and public officials. These are but
a few of the criminal acts not covered in the 'uncontested' stipulation
of evidence ... defendant Heldt's assertion that 'the policy of
the Church prohibits any illegality on the part of its members
or staff...' is totally unfounded and incorrect. The evidence
in this case ... establish[es] beyond peradventure that the Church
and its leadership had, over the years, approved, condoned and
engaged in gross and widespread illegality. One, indeed, wonders
how it can even be suggested that the defendants and their organization
did not make illegal activities part and parcel of their daily
A similar prosecution convicted both scientologists and the Church
of Scientology in Canada, in 1992. Scientologists had infiltrated
the Attorney General's Ministry and the Royal Canadian Mounted
Police in the 1970s. Justice James Southey complained that rather
than accepting responsibility for its wrongdoing, the Church of
Scientology continued to blame those ordered to carry out the
espionage work by Church leadership. The judge also said that
he was satisfied that the Guardian's Office was "subject
to the control of founder L. Ron Hubbard".(49)
Scientologists have been particularly eager to try and distance
Hubbard from the activities of his Guardian's Office. However,
almost ten years before the raid on the GO, Hubbard recorded a
lecture which is still sold by Scientology organizations.(50)
Having complained that a huge international conspiracy existed
against him, Hubbard said, "With all of this action being
taken against us in the last 17 years ... it was vitally necessary
that I isolate who it was on this planet who was attacking us
... The Organization, under the direction of Mary Sue [Hubbard],
... employed several professional intelligence agents who had
long and successful professional backgrounds and they looked into
this matter for us and the results of their activities - although
still in progress - have told us all we needed to know with regard
to any enemy we had on this planet. Our enemies on this planet
are less than 12 men. They are members of the Bank of England,
and other higher financial circles. They own and control newspaper
chains and they are oddly enough directors in all the Mental Health
groups in the world ... Wilson ... the current premier of England
[sic, should be Britain] is totally involved with these fellows
... They have collected rather interesting files on us ... and
their orders concerning what to do about this as part of their
files all makes very interesting reading. We of course have full
copies of their files. It was, of course, their bad luck to tangle
with someone who had been trained in the field of intelligence
by the allied governments, which is myself, and they had insufficient
security and insufficient loyalty amongst their own people to
keep out the intelligence agents which we sent against them."(51)
In short, ten years before the FBI raids, Hubbard openly admitted
knowledge that "professional intelligence agents" -
not private detectives, but "professional intelligence agents"
- had been used to steal files. He also clearly stated the major
target for Scientology: psychiatry. In a secret 1969 memorandum,
Hubbard said "Our war has been forced to become 'To take
over absolutely the field of mental healing on this planet in
all forms.'"(52) Following Hubbard's orders, the GO infiltrated
psychiatric associations and hospitals, tried to take over the
British National Association of Mental Health and launched an
all out war upon psychiatrists.
During the Second World War, Hubbard had spent a week in training
as an "intelligence officer". Although, he saw no action
in intelligence, he created a mystique around the notion.(53)
With the Guardian's Office he created the largest personal intelligence
agency in the history of mankind. In fact, few countries can boast
intelligence agencies as large or as effective. Like a child with
a new and very dangerous toy, Hubbard set about training his spies.
The secret document in which Hubbard stated his aim to take over
"mental healing" was concerned with explaining the intelligence
functions of the GO.
The Guardian's Office Bureau which spearheaded the assault upon
Hubbard's critics, was first known as the Intelligence Bureau.
This was later changed to the more innocent sounding Information
Bureau. The Bureau consisted of two departments. Branch Two dealt
with "overt data collection", meaning material in the
public record such as media reports and credit ratings. Branch
One, or B-1, dealth with "covert data collection" and
"covert operations". Hubbard's abrupt start to the memorandum,
shows an understanding of fundamental espionage technique: "A
Case Officer runs agents who essentially are not known to the
executive who is running the Case Officer." He continued,
"The Case Officer is also known as an 'Operator' or an Intelligence
Officer. It is up to him to find agents and come to agreement
with them. He himself knows and pays them. The agent is told what
is wanted, gets it or finds how it can be gotten or doesn't exist
[sic]. He is paid for what he gets or documents or data. The Case
Officer may 'run' several agents ... In using such data or documents
as are furnished, there is a danger of exposing the source of
them or the agent so one usually falsifies the source(54) ...
This is essentially covert data collection."
Covert data collection means illegally entering bank accounts,
computer records, phone records and government records and the
theft of medical or psychiatric records or psychotherapy notes.(55)
It has also meant searching through critics' garbage and tampering
with their mail. In 1993, Lawrence Wollersheim managed to grab
an envelope from a Scientology private investigator which demonstrated
conclusively that his mail had been tampered with. There have
been many reports of garbagee raids in the 1990s. It is sensible
to shred or burn copies of bills and personal papers. Sensitive
communication is best done through encrypted e-mail.
Hackers have shown that virtually no data held in a computer database
is truly private. Scientologists have demonstrated great technical
proficiency in their attempts to close down the computer Internet
alt.religion.scientology newsgroup. With former scientologists,
documentary evidence and testimony demonstrate beyond a shadow
of a doubt that Hubbard and his wife both ordered the use of scientologists'
supposedly confidential confessional folders. During a Scientology
session, the "auditor" keeps a written record of the
subject's utterances. Anything scandalous should be reported to
the Ethics Section and from there it would find its way to the
Intelligence section. Nowadays, prospective employees are asked
to fill in a 110 question "Life history". This is not
held to be confidential by Scientology management. It includes
the demand: "Make a chronological list of the names of all
persons with whom you have had sexual relationships and what you
engaged in. Approximate the number of times you carried on any
kind of activity, and note any perversions you engaged in. Be
as complete as you can."(56) It is understandable that very
few former members dare to speak out.
Active covert data collection is done by putting spies next to
an opponent. I have lost count of those employed against me over
the years. In 1993, the former head of Investigation in the UK
told me that four agents were active against me with another in
training. Usually I am approached by someone with a touching story,
who claims to be a confused former scientologist. I've spent probably
hundreds of hours trying to help such people, who turn out to
be reporting back to Scientology. For spying purposes, telephones
have been preferred because it is easy to tape record a conversation
without the target's knowledge. Where it has proved impossible
to put somebody next to a target, then a "listening post"
might be put next to one of the target's friends, carefully picking
up and reporting every crumb of information. By creating a web
of contacts and monitoring phone records, bank accounts and computer
records, it is easy to maintain a picture of the target's life,
so that weaknesses can be exploited.
A major aspect of data collection is the so called "roll-back
technology" whereby connections between individuals are noted.(57)
Scientology delights in publishing far-fetched conspiracy accounts,
but this information has another purpose: to create division between
friends and co-workers. Rumour campaigns - "third partying"
or "black propaganda" - are basic techniques. A common
smear has been the assertion that an individual is a child molester.
In 1994, a scientologist confidently asserted to a clergyman that
I was a rapist and attempted murderer. Author Russell Miller was
twice investigated for false accusations of murder in the 1980s.
Data, whether obtained "overtly" or "covertly",
would be fed onto a "time-track" or chronology of the
individual. Copies of documents which might compromise Scientology
would be kept away from public offices. The "time-track"
was kept short and fronted a file of publically available material
so that if there should be a police raid, nothing of significance
would be found.
In the secret 1969 memorandum, Hubbard went on to describe the
other function of B-1: "A covert operation can be arranged
by a Case Officer, using agents but is normally on another set
of lines so as to expose nothing of covert data collection by
engaging on a covert operation. Essentially a covert operation
is intended to embarass, discredit or overthrow or remove an actual
or possible opponent. It is a small war carried on without its
true source being disclosed ... It follows all the rules of war
but uses propaganda psychological effect surprise shock, etc.
to achieve its ends ... To fight a covert operation or to do one
needs channels, contacts, direct planned campaigns with known
objectives ... Covert operations are weak in that they fade out
on exposure. Thus a covert operation has to lead to an overt operation
to succeed. One sees this in guerilla actions. They begin with
propaganda, get stronger by covert political persons found 'in
place' or planted in the government ... and then move into terrorism,
bombings, etc., and then into active guerilla warfare and then
into formal war."(58)
The most usual form of covert operation in Scientology has been
the anonymous tip-off. Because such tip-offs are anonymous, it
is hard to prove that they emanate from Scientology. However,
tax authorities have confirmed that they received such a report
about me from a scientologist. Another scientologist reported
me to the police, asserting that I am a kidnapper. Others reported
me to the Data Protection Agency. I have also been the subject
of anonymous reports to various government agencies and authorities.
Scientology spies were trained using a role play drill called
"Training Routine Lying", in accordance with Hubbard's
Fair Game Law. This document, called "TR-L" was read
into the record by Mr Justice Latey in a child custody case in
London in 1984. It was also exhibited during the trial of the
Guardian's Office staff in the United States.
Steven Fishman, who claims to have been a Scientology agent prior
to his conviction for stock fraud, has alleged that he introduced
a practice called "bingoing the psychs". He would go
to a public library and tear the order forms for information from
magazines. Then he would check every item and send the form off,
but with a psychiatrist's name on. The psychiatrist would receive
a flood of junk mail.(59)
More severe covert operations have included framing journalist
Paulette Cooper for a bomb threat, spiking opponents with LSD,
death threats, and a fake hit-and-run accident in an attempt to
discredit a Florida mayor. Former agent Garry Scarff has alleged
in sworn testimony that he was ordered to murder two opponents
of Scientology.(60) Steven Fishman has alleged that he blew up
an opponent's car.(61)
The GO Intelligence Training Course runs to about 800 pages and
included sections on burglary, phone-tapping and breaking and
entering. Contrary to public statements, much of the material
in the course was written by Hubbard himself. On the reading list
for intelligence agents are many books including Sun Tzu's Art
of War, which a 1990s head of the UK Investigation Bureau
told me is the current key text, and books about the Nazi spymaster
David Miscavige has asserted that he closed down the Guardian's
Office in 1983. Eight hundred of the 1,100 staff were supposedly
dismissed,(63) but a surprising number of B-1 trainees continued
to work for Scientology after the supposed closure. For example,
Brian Andrus, an unindicted co-conspirator in the conviction of
the eleven GO staff in the U.S., and labelled as a kidnapper and
accused of false imprisonment in court documents, moved to Scientology's
governing organization, the Religious Technology Center after
leaving the GO. No less than six UK B-1 agents have continued
in employment, one of them even heading the UK "Church"
for a period in the 1990s. The former head of B-1 Europe moved
to head a Scientology Way to Happiness Campaign. Three of those
imprisoned in the U.S. are now Patrons - the highest ranking membership
- of the International Association of Scientologists.(64)
Some of the functions of the GO Information Bureau were taken
up by the new Office of Special Affairs Investigation Department
("Invest), others were given to Private Investigators
working under the direction of Scientology lawyers. Only the Washington,
D.C., and Toronto cells of the GO were prosecuted. Court records
and the testimony of former agents shows that cells were active
in London, Boston, Clearwater and Las Vegas. A former B-1 operative
has alleged that every Scientology organization throughout
the world had a B-1 cell. If this is true, then tens of national
espionage networks remained undetected. In the 1990s, information
has come to light which suggests that Hubbard's "scriptures"
regarding infiltration and subversion are still being followed.
In Denmark, Scientology spies were convicted for theft of documents.
In Finland, the president dismissed his scientologist bodyguard.
In Germany, political parties have banned scientologists from
membership, because of the infiltration policy. In France, a journalist
has asserted that at least one presidential aide has colluded
with Scientology in an attempt to close down an Inquiry.(65)
In Albania, scientologists were ousted in 1993, after what appeared
to be a take-over plan.
In the Manual of Justice, circulated internally since 1959,
Hubbard wrote: "Overt investigation of someone or something
attacking us by an outside detective agency should be done more
often and hang the expense. It's very effective ... Detectives
cost dozens of dollars or pounds. They save thousands." Since
1983, the use of private detectives has increased considerably.
Scientology employs several firms. The best known private detective
is Eugene Ingram.(66) Ingram is a former Los Angeles policeman,
who is wanted in Oklahoma for carrying a gun without a permit
and in Florida for impersonating a police officer. Ingram is employed
by Scientology's in-house law firm, Bowles and Moxon. He has been
doing investigation "with a yell" for a dozen years.
I have been followed in the U.S. by Ingram and by other Scientology
hired private investigators. Ingram visited England to use his
own special brand of investigation in 1994. He called on several
members of my family, unannounced, and set about doing "noisy
investigation". He accused my 77-year-old mother of growing
marijuana plants, and told her that I would soon go to prison.
He threatened one of my brothers, saying that Scientology would
not only close me down, but would also deal with anyone who supported
me. He asserted that Scientology would spend whatever was necessary
to silence me. Denying any personal affiliation to Scientology,
he claimed to be a Christian by religion. It has been alleged
that Ingram also privately boasts that his employment by Scientology
has proved so lucrative that it has enabled him to buy a resort
village in Mexico.
After Ingram left England, some of the weird stories he had dredged
up appeared in anonymous scandal sheets. I have been the subject
of at least 15 such publications, and have grown weary at the
presumption on the part of those who've read this nonsense that
I will answer each detail of this elaborate character assassination.
As Hubbard put it, "Anyone proposing an investigation ...
must receive this reply ... 'We welcome an investigation
into ... whoever is attacking us ... as we have begun one ourselves
and find shocking evidence.'"(67) This simple trick can be
surprisingly effective at deflecting criticism of Scientology
rather than responding to it. I am currently sueing Scientology
and several of its members for malicious falsehood.
The best known organs of Scientology are its Freedom newsletter
and Membership News, supposedly the journal of a "reformed"
Cult Awareness Network. The attempt is to use the printed word
to implant suggestions about opponents in the minds of the public.
The phrases used have been carefully surveyed for maximum impact,(68)
and headquarters issues lists of phrases to be used in print and
in interviews. Scientology has programmed phrases to describe
Hubbard, his teachings and its critics. So, for several years
opponents have been accused of spouting "Goebbels like propaganda".
Opponents are routinely called "hate campaigners". Two
English clergymen were extremely surprised to be labelled "Nazis"
in letters to the press. These simplistic propaganda techniques
can be remarkably effective. Scientologists assert that they are
being "persecuted" in the same way that the Jews were
during the holocaust. They obviously view open public debate as
"persecution" and have no comprehension of the nature
of the holocaust. As a professor of German history and Judaic
studies pointed out in a letter to the New York Times it "insults
the memory of Holocaust victims to be so used by Scientology propagandists
... Nazi persecution meant torture and death for victims."(69)
Having investigated and published inflated, inaccurate and even
invented stories about a critic as broadly as possible, Scientology
may then resort to civil litigation. It may also attempt to initiate
criminal proceedings. In a recent English case, magistrates found
the Church of Scientology guilty of "abuse of process"
in just such an attempt.(70) I was the subject of a spurious copyright
raid by the police in 1994. The raid was initiated by head of
Scientology in the UK Sheila Chaleff. No charges were brought.
More recently, Scientology has failed to prevent the distribution
of its once secret "upper level" or "Operating
Thetan" material through the Internet. The raids on U.S.
critics have nonetheless been deeply upsetting to those attacked.
In 1990, the attempt to prevent publication of my book, A Piece
of Blue Sky, in the U.S. failed. Scientology made no complaint
about the accuracy of the book, indeed no such complaint has ever
been made to me, but wanted to ban it for use of Hubbard quotations.
In 1993, discovering that life history letters that I had been
requested to write by Guardian's Office officials in confidence
had been circulated, I brought a Breach of Confidence suit in
England. This was the beginning of a series of disasters. My lawyers
did not tell me that I was eligible for state legal aid. Before
seeing the documents, a barrister approved an affirmation in which
I said that I had hundreds of client letters which might be relevant
to the issue of damages. The barrister then looked at the documents
and decided that only about 40 were relevant. Scientology managed
to get a ruling that I had withheld evidence. My case was dismissed
without trial, and Scientology began to claim that I had lied
in an affirmation, because I had said I had disclosed all relevant
documents. This led to Scientology publishing an edition of Freedom
labelling me a "chronic liar". Because I had not known
I could receive legal aid, costs of over 16,000 pounds were awarded
Meanwhile, suits were brought against me by the headmistress of
a Scientology school and by Scientology's Narconon. Both of these
suits were for libel, which cannot be state aided in England.
I borrowed an enormous amount of money, confident that the English
legal system would vindicate me. The headmistress asserted that
I had libelled her in a paragraph of my book, A Piece of Blue
Sky. She asserted that I had failed to produce notes of an
interview. There were no such notes. The easiest course would
have been to claim that they had existed but had been destroyed.
Instead, I told the truth. The judge ruled that I had failed to
disclose documents, and my defense was struck.(71) There was no
trial, no evidence was considered, but a ruling was entered in
the scientologist's favour. As a consequence, I was bankrupted,
which means that all of my assets have been seized, and that for
the next three years, I will probably be in the hands of the Scientology
appointed Trustee in Bankruptcy. As Hubbard said, "the law
can be used very easily to harass".(72) Lord Wolfe, heading
an Inquiry into the English justice system, has said that in reality
whoever has the most money wins.
Scientology relies upon concerted attacks. Strategies usually
include at least three attacks placed close together. This is
to cause maximum stress. I came to the point where it was hard
to keep up with the scandal sheets, the overlapping legal actions
and the Scientology picketers marching up and down outside my
house waving placards.(73) In the midst of this, I was subjected
to a police raid and a tax investigation.
Shortly before my bankruptcy in May, two more suits were brought
against me, which seek to prevent me from distributing Scientology
documents. These suits are pending, as is my own countersuit for
malicious falsehood. In the U.S., individual scientologists and
Sterling Management brought 54 suits against the Cult Awareness
Network and its members. To date, 53 of these suits have been
withdrawn or dismissed, but the stress of litigation is difficult
to deal with.(74) Thankfully, most european litigation has gone
against Scientology this year, and significant rulings have been
obtained in the U.S. in the last two months.(75) In Canada, the
Supreme Court upheld previous rulings in lawyer Casey Hill's libel
suit against Scientology. The Court ruled "every aspect of
this case demonstrates the very real and persistent malice of
Scientology ... Scientology's behaviour throughout can only be
characterized as recklessly high-handed, supremely arrogant and
contumacious. There seems to have been a continuing conscious
effort on Scientology's part to intensify and perpetuate its attack
on Casey Hill without any regard for the truth of its allegations."
Scientology was forced to pay $3 million to Hill at the beginning
Hubbard led his followers to believe that his teachings were the
focus of a conspiracy of more than global proportions. The conspiracy
is the work of aliens, according to secret teachings.(76) Scientologists
are the "soldiers of light" reincarnated over the quadrillenia
to fight the menace of the "priests and psychs", the
Suppressive Persons who control the world. Scientologists have
to infiltrate themselves into positions of power, report what
they discover and use their influence for the benefit of Scientology.
Scientology is still engaged in a Hubbard plot to take over "mental
healing", because this is the centre of the conspiracy. In
the 1950s, Hubbard wrote reports to the communist activities branch
of the FBI.(77) By the 1960s, he was talking privately about a
An example of the use of non-staff scientologists to perform operations
came with the creation, post Guardian's Office, of the Minutemen
in Los Angeles. Minutemen were used to harass former members who
were trying to practise Scientology without a license from Hubbard.
Meetings were raided and participants subjected to loud verbal
abuse. One former member had her windows pelted with eggs and
her doorstep covered with maggots.(79)
In the 1980s, a document was issued for scientologists to fill
in called the Power Comm[unication] Lines Survey. In this scientologists
were asked to name anyone of influence within their circle of
acquaintances. Such contacts included "opinion leaders"
in the fields of media, legal, financial, entertainment and politics.
The current life history questionnaire asks similar questions,
including information relating to government agencies and national
secrets. Scientology has a high powered computer network - called
INCOMM - which is quite capable of performing state of the art
data analysis and comparison.
In summary, according to his "religious scripture" all
critics of Scientology are criminal, and under the Fair Game law
have no human rights. Over the years, the Hubbard intelligence
strategy has used scientologists or private investigators for:
1. Overt data collection - material in the public record.
2 Covert data collection, by theft of material and the use of
3. Noisy investigation.
The foregoing would be used to create a life history or "time-track"
which would be used to assess weakpoints.
4. Vehement publication of scandals whether real or imagined,
and street demonstrations.
5. Covert operations - anonymous tip-offs and smear campaigns.
Very few people can stand up to such an assault. My own life has
been savaged by Scientology. I am bankrupt. My wife and I separated
after 19 years together last year. I have had to leave my home,
and have lost daily contact with my two young children. My health
has suffered. A few months ago, I reluctantly responded to the
latest in a long line of Scientology offers of settlement, willing
for the first time to offer my silence in return for a cessation
of hostilities and the payment of compensation. The offer by return
was that they would leave me alone if I would give them the rights
to my published work, my unique collection of Scientology papers
and my permanent silence.(81) So the fight continues. We are none
of us powerless in this struggle. Anyone who is concerned that
such an organization can act in such a way can complain to the
authorities and inform others of the true nature of Scientology.
Only through a grass roots campaign will Scientology's injustices
be ended. I entreat anyone who is concerned to join in the debate
on the Internet, where Scientology has become one of the busiest
newsgroups, because of its perceived disdain for free speech.
Through the battle on the Internet, in the alt.scientology. religion
newsgroup, this perfidious organization will continue to be exposed.
Hopefully, its members will be freed from the black enchantment
of their indoctrination. Hopefully, the immoral and disgraceful
tactics of Scientology will be exposed for what they are, an attempt
to stifle free speech and to destroy critics, and ultimately an
insane plot to take-over the world. And, hopefully, through the
support and encouragement of good people, my own arduous struggle
will come to a happy conclusion.
- Hubbard, The Aims of Scientology.
- Guardian's Office document numbered 8591, Operations Definitions,
used in evidence in USA v Mary Sue Hubbard: "BUTTON SURVEY:
A comprehensive examination, inspection, researching or investigation
of persons which [sic] have control or influence over an attacker's
position of power to discover what they hate and love. Also the
same activity in relation to the attacker to discover what he
considers valuable or what he is protecting."
- The Watchdog Committee, Scientology Policy
Directive 19, The Integrity of Source, 7 July 1982: "No
one except LRH [Hubbard] may cancel his issues."
- The Corporations of Scientology,
Church of Scientology International, 1989, p.24: "In the
Scientology religion, the scriptures are all the spoken and written
words of L. Ron Hubbard. The scriptures include millions of written
words contained in books, films, various forms of issues and writings
and several thousand tape recorded lectures."
- Scientologists have to practise "Standard
Technology" - following exactly the rules laid down for "auditing"
or counselling by Hubbard, see definition in The Dianetics
and Scientology Technical Dictionary. Scientologists are also
expected to practise "Standard Administration", see
HCOPL Standard Admin, 9 November 1968, Organization Executive
Course, 1st edition, vol. 0, p.6.
- Hubbard, HCOB, The Anti-Social Personality,
the Anti-Scientologist, 27 September 1966, Technical Bulletins,
1st edition, vol. 6, p.177.
- The Watchdog Committee, Scientology Policy
Directive 28, Suppressive Act - Dealing with a Declared Suppressive
Person, 13 August 1982.
- Hubbard, HCOB, Technical Queries,
23 October 1975, Technical Bulletins, 1st edition, vol. 8, p.424,
and HCOB, Verbal Tech:Penalties, 15 February 1979, Technical
Bulletins, 1st edition, vol. 12, p.318.
- The price for "list" or "Ls"
auditing given only at the Flag Service Organization in Clearwater,
Florida, Source, issue 97.
- Onions, Shorter Oxford English Dictionary,
volume one, 1977, Clarendon Press, Oxford, under "game",
- Hubbard, Ole Doc Methusaleh, reprinted
1970, Daw Books, NY, p.66 "We are superior to them in culture
and weapons and that makes them inferior to us. Fair game!"
- The whole stated purpose of Dianetics and
Scientology is to raise the recipient's "emotional tone level",
e.g. The Hubbard Chart of Human Evaluationi, published
as part of Hubbard, Science of Survival, 1951
- Hubbard, HCOPL, Penalties for Lower Conditions,
18 October 1967, issue IV.
- Hubbard, HCOPL, HCO (Division 1) - Ethics,
Suppressive Acts, Suppression of Scientology and Scientologists,
The Fair Game Law, 1 March 1965, reprinted in The Basic
Staff Hat volume 1, East Grinstead, 1968. The claim that this
Policy was superseded on 7 March is proved to be cosmetic by its
publication in this 1968 internal publication. See also Justice
Megaw in Hubbard v. Vosper, Court of Appeal, London, 1971, case
no. 7360: "[the Policy Letter] went on to include among 'suppressive
acts': '1st degree murder, arson, disintegration of persons or
belongings not guilty of suppressive acts.' There can be no doubt
that the last five words relate to the preceding word 'persons'.
What does that mean? That it was, in the eyes of the organization
in 1965, 'a suppressive act' to be guilty of 'first degree murder,'
provided that the person you murdered had not been guilty of suppressive
acts. The implication is obvious."
- Guardian Order, Confidential - Intelligence
Course, 9 September 1974, p.18.
- USA v Jane Kember & Morris Budlong,
US District Court for the District of Columbia, criminal no. 78
401 (2) & (3), Sentencing Memorandum of the United States
of America, footnote, p.16: "Defendants ... have stated that
the fair game policy continued in effect well after the indictment
in this case and the conviction of the first nine co-defendants.
Defendants claim that the policy was abrogated by the Church's
Board of Directors in late July or early August, 1980."
- HCOPL Ethics - Cancellation of Fair Game,
More About, 22 July 1980.
- HCOPL, Cancellation of Issues on Suppressive
Acts and PTSes, 8 September 1983.
- See for example the ruling in Wollersheim
v. Church of Scientology of California, State of California Second
Appellate District Division Seven, civ. no. B023193 (LASC no.
C332827), p.A-4. Also "in re: wards B & G", Royal
Courts of Justice, London, justice Latey decision, 23 July 1984,
and the opinion in Church of Scientology of California v Armstrong,
June 1984; and Casey Hill v Church of Scientology Toronto, file
- Atack, A Piece of Blue Sky, p.126.
- Hubbard, The Scientologist - A Manual
on the Dissemination of Material, March 1955, Ability 1, reprinted
in the Technical Bulletins of Dianetics and Scientology,
first edition, volume 2, p.157.
- Hubbard, HCO Manual of Justice, HCO
London, 1959. Extracts can be found in Atack A Piece of Blue
Sky, Lyle Stuart Books, New Jersey, 1990, pp. 143-145.
- It subsequently became the internal police
force of Scientology, housing the Ethics section.
- See New Era Publications v Carol Publishing
Group & Atack, NY, 1990, US District Court Southern District
of New York, 89 Civ. 3845, and the same case at the US Court of
Appeals, Second Circuit, no. 1204-1376, decided 24 May 1990.
- Hubbard, HCOB, What We Expect of a Scientologist,
10 June 1960.
- Hubbard, HCOB, Special Zone Plan - The
Scientologist's Role in Life, 23 June 1960.
- Lt. Warren Young, see Stipulation of Evidence
in USA v Mary Sue Hubbard et al, US District Court for the District
of Columbia, criminal case no. 78-401, p.205.
- Hubbard, HCOPL, Dept of Govt Affairs,
15 August 1960. See also Hubbard, HCOPL, Dept of Government
Relations, 22 August 1960 (Hubbard seems to have been unsure
about the name of the Department) and Hubbard, HCOPL, Special
Zone Dept, 30 August 1960.
- Hubbard, HCOPL, Department of Offical
Affairs, 13 March 1961.
- Hubbard, HCOPL, Black PR, 11 May
1971, PR series 7.
- Wallis, The Road to Total Freedom,
Heinmann, London, Columbia University, NY, 1976. In the chapter
"The Scientological Career: From Casual Client to Deployable
Agent". This remains the only major sociological study of
- Hubbard, Sec ED, Enquiry Rumour UK,
9 February 1966, reprinted in the Foster report.
- Hubbard, HCOPL, Attacks on Scientology
(Additional Pol Ltr), 25 February 1966, reprinted in the Foster
report which dates it at 15 February. There are several
Policy Letters entitled Attacks on Scientology.
- Hubbard, HCOPL, Public Investigation
Section, 17 February 1966, reprinted in the Foster report.
Emphasis in original.
- Atack, A Piece of Blue Sky, pp.160-161.
- Hubbard, HCOPL, The Guardian, 1 March
- Ibid, where Hubbard describes these functions
including the "Planetary Intelligence Unit".
- Mary Sue Hubbard was originally the Guardian,
then the position of Controller was created for her. She was shown
as her husband's immediate deputy on all organizational charts
or "Org Boards".
- Hubbard, HCOPL, Attacks on Scientology
(Continued), 18 February 1966.
- Hubbard, HCO Executive Letter, How to
do a Noisy Investigation, 5 September 1966. Reprinted in the
- Declaraion of David Miscavige, in US District
Court for the Central District of California, in Church of Scientology
International v Fishman and Geertz, case no. CV 91-6426 HLH (Tx),
8 (?) February 1994, see especially p.17: "During the 1970s
the GO operated as an entirely autonomous organization unchecked
and unsupervised by the ecclesiastical management of the Church.
The power of the GO was absolute ... They held all corporate directorships
... GO staff carried out illegal programs, such as the infiltration
of government offices for which eleven members of the GO were
prosecuted and convicted. There were also instances in which GO
staff used unscrupulous means to deal with people they perceived
as enemies of the Church -- means that were completely against
Scientology tenets and policy, not to mention the law."
- See Atack, A Piece of Blue Sky, pp.219-221.
For a fuller description see C.H. Rolph, Believe What You Like,
Andre Deutsch, London, 1973.
- Hubbard, Ron's Journal 1967 (RJ67),
tape recorded lecture, September 1967.
- Hubbard, Flag Order 1890, Zones of Action,
26 March 1969.
- Hubbard, HCOPL, Targets, Defense,
16 February 1969, issue IV.
- Der Spiegel, 25 September 1995.
- Fred Hare, Guardian Order 1206, The Snow
White Programme, 22 June 1974.
- Sentencing Memorandum in USA v MSH et al,
US District Court for the District of Columbia, criminal case
no. 78-401, pp.1-4 & 14.
- Reported in the Toronto Globe and Mail,
12 September 1992.
- Hubbard, Ron's Journal 1967 (RJ67).
See also Hubbard, Concerning Intelligence, lecture transcript
of 10 March 1970 which orders the theft of material from a Public
Relations firm, once that firm has been isolated.
- See also Guardian Order 802, Weekly Reports,
20 June 1973, which explains that Hubbard must receive a weekly
report of all intelligence activity. For hubbard's knowledge of
illegal activities see also A Piece of Blue Sky, p.227.
- Hubbard, Confidential, Intelligence Actions,
Covert Intelligence Data Collection, 2 December 1969. The
passage continues "That was not the original purpose. The
original purpose was to clear Earth."
- See also Hubbard Science of Survival,
1951. Scientology hired Fletcher Prouty to substantiate Hubbard's
allusions. Prouty claimed that files had been tampered with. His
most significant evidence was the use of the code number "16"
on Hubbard's orders. In fact, the code indicated that Hubbard
was a member of the Naval Reserve as documents within his navy
file, and comparison with other Navy Reserve officers files readily
- This policy was followed during the Washington
breakins with the leak of the DeFeo report, where the Scientology
agent pretended to be a Justice Department employee. See A
Piece of Blue Sky, p.233.
- Hermann Brendel, To: Info Branch 1 Directors,
10 June 1974: "Covert data collection ... i.e. penetration,
plants, covert interviews using covers etc. etc. For example if
an agent had obtained a document in the Fuhrer's bunker in Berlin
in 1945 by shooting it out with the SS, blowing up a bridge and
escaping in a helicopter he would have been on a Collections cycle.
He got data. The method is irrelevant." My emphasis.
- Question 96, Life History Questions -
revision, Church of Scientology International, 1994.
- Guardian Order 1150, Re: Information
Bureau Statistic, 7 May 1974. "Connections" is a
major statistic of the Information Bureau.
- Hubbard, Confidential, Intelligence Actions,
Covert Intelligence Data Collection, op cit.
- Fishmann, Lonesome Squirrel, unpublished
- In Church of Scientology v. Geertz and Fishman,
US Central District of California, CV-91 6426 HLH(Tx), deposition
- Lonesome Squirrel, op cit.
- Hubbard, Flag Order 2191, Intelligence
Book List, 15 November 1969 lists the following: Col. B.V.
Nikitine The Fatal Years, Hodge, London 1938; Curt Reiss
Total Espionage, Putnam, US, 1941; Eric D. Butler Dialectics,
Communist Instrument for World Conquest, Australian League
of Rights, Melbourne; Eric D. Butler Red Pattern of World Conquest,
New Times, Canada; Christopher Felix The Spy and his Masters,
Secker & Warburg, London, 1963. Sefton Delmar's Black Boomerang
was also recommended reading.
- Miscavige Declaration, p.24.
- Mary Sue Hubbard, Henning Heldt & Duke
Snider, Impact 53, pp.38-39.
- Serge Faubert, Une Secte au couer de
la Republique, L'Evenement du Jeudi, 25 February - 3 March
1993. See also Faubert's book of the same title, Calmann-Levy,
- Numerous others have included J.J. Gaw,
Donald William Cooper, Douglas Brian Reynolds, Tin Goose and John
- Hubbard, HCOPL, Attacks on Scientology
(Additional Pol Ltr), 25 February 1966.
- Hubbard called the technique "positioning".
- Professor Elliot Neaman, University of San
Francisco, NY Times, 26 December 1994.
- In a case brought against 20/20 television
and heard by City of London magistrates. Reported in the UK Press
Gazette, 25 September 1995.
- The judge also accepted the argument that
I should have exhibited two advertisements under the heading of
"distribution" of the book, even though neither named
headmistress Margaret Hodkin.
- Hubbard, The Scientologist - A Manual
on the Dissemination of Material, March 1955, Ability 1, reprinted
in the Technical Bulletins of Dianetics and Scientology,
first edition, volume 2, quotation from p.157.
- See Sunday Times, London, 6 April 1994 and
Evening Argus, Brighton, 12 April 1994 for more detail.
- CAN has also had at least one countersuit
dismissed, see CAN news, May 1995.
- Rulings in cases involving F.A.C.T.NET inc,
the Washington Post and Arnie Lerma.
- e.g., Hubbard, The Role of Earth,
which describes the Fourth and Fifth Invader forces, supposedly
resident on Venus and Mars, or the Section III Operating Thetan
course. Hubbard also spoke of the "Markabians" prompting
defector William Robertson ("Captain Bill") to create
an enormous volume of material asserting that aliens had landed
in Switzerland and were liaising with Transcendental Meditation
to take over the world. Robertson's followers call themselves
the Free Zone.
- A Piece of Blue Sky, pp.117-118,
Hubbard letter to the FBI, 3 March 1951. Hubbard, HCO Information
Letter, Communism & Scientology, 8 May 1961. Hubbard,
LRHED 55 INT, The War, 29 November 1968, reprinted in Wallis,
- Hubbard, Zones of Action, op cit.
Hubbard's obsession with conspiracy is worthy of a book in its
own right. He called the plot the Tenyaka Memorial after the 19th
century Japanese plan for world conquest, see Concering Intelligence,
- Thea Greenburg, reported in BBC Panorama
The Road to Total Freedom?, 1987.
- Heber Jentzsch, Power Comm Lines Survey,
Church of Scientology International, 1988. Also Jentzsch, Communication
Lines to the World Survey, CSI, 1988.
- In November 1994, I met with representatives
of the Church of Scientology International and the Religious Technology
Center along with Peter Hodkin, the scientologist lawyer who has
represented all of the scientologists litigants. The representatives
of CSI and RTC has authority to settle on behalf of all litigants,
including headmistress Margaret Hodkin and Narconon. Curiously,
Narconon is sueing me for asserting that it is a front group for